Skip to main content

Stow Wengenroth (1906-1978) Papers

Stow Wengenroth (1906-1978) Papers

1 of 2
Open Finding Aid
small (250x250 max)
medium (500x500 max)
Extra Large
large ( > 500x500)
Full Resolution

STOW WENGENROTH (1906-1978) PAPERS, 1882-1989

Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Wengenroth, Stow, 1906-1978
Title:Stow Wengenroth (1906-1978) Papers
Quantity:8.25 linear feet (12 boxes)
Abstract:The collection is comprised of the professional and personal papers of Stow Wengenroth, an artist, author, and lithographer.
Collection Number:MSS 423

Series List

SERIES I. Professional Life
SERIES II. Personal Life
SERIES III. Photographs
SERIES IV. Family Life

Scope and Content Note

The collection is comprised of the professional and personal papers of Stow Wengenroth, an artist, author, and lithographer. The material is arranged in four series and the arrangement within each series is topical, except for the box of correspondence between Wengenroth and Harriet Matson Wengenroth, where original order was found and maintained.

Series I. Professional Life includes lithographs, contact sheets, and transparencies that were part of Wengenroth’s professional process as an artist. It also includes professional correspondence, catalogs, and exhibition brochures spanning Wengenroth’s career and clippings regarding Wengenroth’s exhibitions and professional life. There is a folder on his Farnsworth Summer 1968 Exhibition, which includes correspondence, exhibition catalogs, photographs of the show, and clippings regarding the same. There is a folder containing products with Wengenroth’s lithographs, including a menu for Child’s restaurant and Christmas cards of his design.

Series II. Personal Life includes correspondence, clippings, memorabilia, and blueprints. There is a folder of personal correspondence, which includes letters from friends and family. Numerous Christmas cards were received, including some illustrated by artist friends of the Wengenroths. The papers regarding early life include a reproduction photograph of a school play in which Wengenroth took part. Box 5 contains the courtship letters of Wengenroth and his second wife, Harriet Matson, over a span of four years. The letters have been maintained in their original order. The Wengenroths grouped some letters as favorites.

Series III. Photographs includes professional and personal images. One folder includes photographs of Wengenroth’s professional life, including photos of him at work on a lithograph. Box 6 contains Album, Volume 1, a small album of photographs of the Wengenroth family and Stow Wengenroth’s early life. The photographs from Maine depicting New England nature scenes provided inspiration for many of Wengenroth’s lithographs.

Series IV. Family Papers consists primarily of the papers of Stow Wengenroth’s wives, Edith Flack Ackley and Harriet Matson. Edith Flack Ackley’s collection includes her work on the Flack family genealogy, which includes a folder on the Greenport Literary Society in the 1890s. The obituaries folder includes laminated family obituaries for the Wengenroth family. Included are folders of Harriet Matson Wengenroth’s short story manuscripts written under various pseudonyms.

Biographical Sketch

Stow Wengenroth was born in Brooklyn, New York, on July 25, 1906. He was the son of Frederick Wengenroth, an inspector of navel aircraft, and Isabelle Stow Wengenroth, an artist. He studied at the Art Students League of New York in 1923 under George Bridgman, at the Grand Central Art School from 1925 to 1927 under Wayman Adams and at the Eastport Summer School of Art under George Pearse Ennis in 1929 to 1930. Ennis introduced Wengenroth to lithography, which became his primary medium. He produced 369 lithographs between 1931 and 1977. In the 1970s Wengenroth began to work in watercolors. Wengenroth was the recipient of many professional honors; he was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1938 and the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1942. His work has been collected by numerous institutions including the Peabody Essex Museum, the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, and the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. The Boston Public Library owns a complete set of his prints. He was the author of numerous books and articles on lithography.

Wengenroth married Edith Flack Ackley in 1936. They lived in New York City until the 1950s when they moved to Greenport, New York. Following Edith’s death in 1970, Wengenroth married Harriet Matson, of Rockport, Massachusetts, on July 18, 1974. They lived in Rockport until his death on January 22, 1978.

Edith Flack Ackley Wengenroth was born June 6, 1887, in Greenport, New York. She was a poet, puppeteer, doll maker, and author of books on making dolls and marionettes including A Doll Shop of Your Own and Marionettes: Easy to Make, Fun To Use. She died November 28, 1970.

Telka Ackley Beal, the daughter of Edith Flack Ackley Wengenroth and Floyd Nash Ackley, a jeweler, and stepdaughter of Stow Wengenroth, was born September 25, 1918. She attended the Arts Students League under Wengenroth's tutelage. She was prominent artist. She married William R. Beal, an actor, television producer, director, and artist, in 1942. They had one son, William Reynolds Beal III (Ren), and two daughters, Edith Beal Tuttle and Jennifer Beal Ober. She died January 19, 2005.

Harriet (Matson) Wengenroth was born September 25, 1906. She was married previously to Carl Matson. She was an author of short stories and a former Director of the Rockport Art Association. She married Stow Wengenroth on July 18, 1974. She died December 13, 1995.

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Ackley, Edith Flack, b. 1887
Ackley, Telka, 1918-
Wengenroth, Stow, 1906-1978
Christmas cards--1940-1980
Letter writing
Lithography--20th century
Lithography--20th century--Exhibitions
Lithography--20th century--History
National Institute of Arts and Letters (U.S.)
Rockport Art Association (Mass.)
Watercolor painting, American
Wengenroth, Stow, 1906-1978--Catalogs
Greenport (N.Y. : Town)
Rockport (Mass.)


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Box 11 is restricted due to the materials’ fragile condition.

Administrative Information


Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Stow Wengenroth (1906-1978) Papers, MSS 423, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.


This collection was purchased in 2000 (acc # 2000.35).

Processing Information

Collection processed by Marika Cifor, November 2009. Updated by Tamara Gaydos, July 2016.

Related Material


Carmer, Carl Lamson. The Hudson. New York: Farrar & Rinehart Inc., 1939.

Tuttle, Edith. "Corrections to Stow Wengenroth Biographical Sketch." Message to the author. 25 June 2016. E-mail.

Wengenroth, Stow and McCord, David. Stow Wengenroth's New England. Barre, Mass.: Barre Publishers, 1969.

Wegenroth, Stow, Stuckey, Ronald and Stuckey, Joan. The Lithographs of Stow Wengenroth, 1931-1972. New York: Crown Publishers, 1974.

Wegenroth, Stow, Stuckey, Ronald and Stuckey, Joan. Stow Wengenroth's Lithographs: A Supplement. New York: Black Oak Publications, 1982.

Wengenroth, Stow. Making a Lithograph. New York: Studio Publications, 1936.

Related Collections

The Maritime department of the Peabody Essex Museum owns the following Wengenroth original works of art:

Lithograph/Print: "Along the Coast" (object ID M22717), "Lobster Pots" (object ID M22718), seascape (object ID M22725),

Print: "Along the Coast" (object ID M23677); and "Flocks Cove" (object ID M23679).

The Natural History department of the Peabody Essex Museum owns the following Wengenroth original work of art:

Print: "Wood Owl" (object ID 23010).

Please note these objects are part of the Museum collections and access to them is at the discretion of the department curatorial staff.

you wish to report:

Select the collections to add or remove from your search