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Second Corps Cadets Records

Second Corps Cadets Records

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Open Finding Aid

SECOND CORPS CADETS RECORDS, 1785-1954





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Second Corps Cadets (Salem, Mass.)
Title:Second Corps Cadets Records
Dates:1785/1954
Quantity:40.6 Linear feet (59 boxes)
Abstract:This collection contains the financial and administrative papers of the Second Corps of Cadets including correspondence, financial records, orders, enlistment records, and photographs.
Collection Number:MSS 381

Series List

SERIES I. Financial
SERIES II. Administrative
A. Applications
B. Correspondence
C. Discharge Records
D. Military Property
E. Roll Calls
F. Orders
G. Payroll
H. Organizational History
I. Encampments
J. Legal Records
SERIES III. Camp Association
SERIES IV. Personal Papers of Jenkins Family

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains the financial and administrative papers of the Second Corps of Cadets including correspondence, financial records, orders, enlistment records, and photographs. It has been organized into four series: Financial, Administrative, and Camp Association, and Personal Papers of Jenkins Family. This last series contains two folders of personal papers belonging to Lawrence W. Jenkins and Benjamin Gilbert Jenkins. The material has been arranged chronologically within series.


Historical Sketch

In 1786 a cadet company was organized in Salem, Massachusetts. After numerous changes in designation it was known in 1873 as Second Corps of Cadets, Second Division. The company had served during the Civil War for a short time at Fort Warren, Massachusetts. In 1915 the Second Corps of Cadets was changed to artillery. It was called into Federal service for the World War in 1917. In 1920 it was reconstituted as a unit of the Massachusetts National Guard.


In 1890 the Corps acquired the property of Francis Peabody on Essex Street in Salem, Massachusetts for use as a head house. The Corps added a drill shed to the back of the building to provide space for training and storage of equipment. The encampments were held for many years at Ipswich, Woburn, South Reading (now Wakefield), Magnolia, and Essex, but in 1896 the Corps purchased a farm in Boxford comprising more than 100 acres and held its encampments there.


The Second Corps of Cadets and Company H, 8th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, shared occupancy of the armory after 1908. Both of these military organizations had long and honorable traditions of service to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the nation. Members of both organizations participated in the Civil War and Spanish American War. In 1907, both units became part of the Massachusetts National Guard. During World Wars I and II, they served as members of the 26th (Yankee) Division, Massachusetts National Guard. Members of the Second Corps have also served in Korea, Vietnam, Bosnia, and Iraq. By the 1970s, the Second Corps was the First Battalion, 102nd Field Artillery, Massachusetts National Guard. In 1988, the 102nd was combined with the 101st Field Artillery, and headquartered in Lynn. In 1996, the 102nd was separated from the 101st, and today, the Corps is again the First Battalion, 102nd Field Artillery, Massachusetts National Guard, headquartered in Quincy, Massachusetts.


In 1982, the head house of the Salem Armory was destroyed by fire. Many of the records of the Second Corps were lost in the blaze. The drill shed survived, and in 1994 it was converted into the Salem Visitor Center, which is operated by the National Park Service. In 2002, the Peabody Essex Museum created Armory Park on the site of the head house to honor of the citizens of Essex County who have served their country since the organization of the volunteer militia in 1629.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Jenkins, Benjamin Gilbert, 1908-1985
Jenkins, Lawrence Waters, 1872-1961
Maloon, Edward A.
Salem Independent Rifle Association
Second Corps Cadets Camp Association
Stephen Abbot Association
Accounts
Military uniforms
Military--Massachusetts--Boxford
Military--Massachusetts--Salem
Militia--Massachusetts--Salem
Uniforms--1800-1900
Salem (Mass.)
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Second Corps Cadets Records, MSS 381, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

The bulk of this material was a 1957 gift of Lawrence W. Jenkins with additional material given by Howard Horton and Charles W. Palfray.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Stephanie Spano, Tamara Gaydos August 2008. Updated by Tamara Gaydos, July 2014.


Related Material

United States. National Park Service. "The Salem Armory." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 07 July 2014. Web. 29 July 2014. http://www.nps.gov/sama/historyculture/armory.htm


Wuertz, Gary. "The Armory: The Story". Salem, Massachusetts, The City Guide. 4 June 2008 http://www.salemweb.com/history/armory/story.shtml


Related Collections


For additional Second Corps Cadets material including by-laws, rules, scrapbooks, orders, and history, please see Philcat, our online catalog.


Additional photographs can be found in the photography collection under "Military Groups", "136 Essex Street", and in the Cousins Collection in boxes 6, 22, and oversize.


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