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John Taylor (1807-1877) Papers

John Taylor (1807-1877) Papers

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Open Finding Aid

JOHN TAYLOR (1807-1877) PAPERS, 1844-1895





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Taylor, John, 1807-1877
Title:John Taylor (1807-1877) Papers
Dates:1844/1895
Quantity:0.25 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract:The John Taylor papers document the activities of this Chelsea and Boston, Massachusetts, ship builder.
Collection Number:MH 220

Series List


Scope and Content Note

The John Taylor papers document the activities of this Chelsea and Boston, Massachusetts, ship builder. Records include contracts to build ships, accounts, letters, certificates, leases, and bills of sale. Folder 16 contains an account by Captain S. P. Bray of the wreck of the ship Panay in the Philippines, dated 1890.


Biographical Sketch

John Taylor was born in Scituate, Massachusetts, on October 13, 1807, the son of William Taylor, ship builder. He was the youngest of six children. As he approached adulthood he was apprenticed and served his time with Galen James, ship builder at Melrose and in 1831 married James' sister, Eliza James. They had three sons and three daughters.


Taylor first operated as shipbuilder as the junior partner in the firm of Foster & Taylor, his partner being Joshua T. Foster and they built their first vessel, the bark Pearl, in 1838. They built a number of ships before Taylor went solo in 1846. He became a prominent ship builder in Medford, Massachusetts, located on the Mystic River, across from Boston. He built about 25 vessels which were launched broadside to the river as the river was not wide enough to launch them in the regular manner. As tonnage increased it became necessary to have more room for launching, so in 1850 he moved to Chelsea, where he was the first builder of note to establish a ship yard. After the end of the clipper ship era, Taylor moved to East Boston (by 1861), where he built sailing ships with his son Justin (who later took over his father's yard). In Chelsea and Boston he built about 50 vessels.


Taylor was a member of the first Board of Alderman when Chelsea became a city and he served a term in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. He was a member and deacon of the First Congregational Church of Chelsea. He died in Chelsea on September 20, 1877.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Cummings, Josiah
Goddard, Samuel
Autocrat (Ship)
Benjamin Bangs (Ship)
Clare Wheeler (Ship)
Frederick Tudor (Ship)
Garnet (Ship)
Gazelle (Sloop)
George Washington (Ship)
Havelock (Ship)
Henry W. Pierce (Schooner)
John Taylor (Steamer)
Josiah Bradlee (Ship)
Kate Howe (Ship)
Lizzie D. Barker (Schooner)
Magnolia (Ship)
Matchless (Ship)
Panay (Ship)
Pericles (Bark)
President (Ship)
Robert (Bark)
Shakespeare (Ship)
Storm King (Ship)
Tiber (Ship)
Versailles (Ship)
Wilber Fisk (Ship)
Shipbuilding
Shipping
Chelsea (Mass.)
Salem (Mass.)

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

John Taylor (1807-1877) Papers, MH 220, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This material was donated by John Taylor in March 1933 (acc #9125).

Processing Information

Collection processed by Tamara Gaydos, August 2016.


Related Material

Knoblock, Glenn A. The American Clipper Ship, 1845-1920: A Comprehensive History, with a Listing of Builders and Their Ships. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, 2014.


Robinson, John. The Marine Room of the Peabody Museum of Salem. Salem, MA: Peabody Museum, 1921.


Biographical information on John Taylor, a prominent shipbuilder in Medford and Chelsea [letter from his granddaughter, Mrs. Mary M. [Taylor] Perkins, 1920], MH 0.432


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