The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Winthrop Family Papers
2.5 linear feet (3 boxes)
This collection consists of 25
documents related to Ipswich, Massachusetts, including letters, deeds, and a petition.
Most of the documents were written to or from John Winthrop, Jr.
SERIES I. Governor John Winthrop SERIES II. John Winthrop, Jr. SERIES III. Related Documents
Scope and Content Note
This collection consists of 25 documents related to Ipswich, Massachusetts. It
includes letters, deeds, and a petition. Most of the documents were written to or
from John Winthrop, Jr.
You will see some letters dated with two different years. This is because the
letters were dated using the Julian calendar, not the Gregorian calendar that we use
today. During most of America's colonial period, March 25 was the first day of the
new year. In 1750, for example, the year ended on 24 March 1750; the following day
was 25 March 1751. In that time period, New Englanders were still considered part of
Great Britain, which continued to use the Julian calendar until September 1752.
"A contemporary copy of the articles of complaint against Rev. Thomas Gilbert
of Topsfield, presented to the Court at Ipswich" dated 1666 (Folder 22) has never
been published and so there is no transcript for this document.
Box 1 contains all of the original documents and has been restricted. Box 2
contains scanned copies of each document and a transcript, when available, for
public use. Box 3 contains both the original deed and a scanned copy in a separate
folder. Only the scanned copy is available to the public.
John Winthrop (1588-1649) was born in Edwardston, England,
in 1588 to Adam Winthrop (1548-1623) and Anne Browne Winthrop (1558-1629). In
December 1602 he matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge, but did not graduate.
Winthrop founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and served as governor of the
colony from 1630-1634, 1637-1640, 1642-1644, and 1646-1649. He married four times:
in 1605 to Mary Forth (1584-1615); in 1615 to Thomasine Clopton (1583?-1616); in
1618 to Margaret Tyndal (1591-1647); and in 1647 to Martha Rainsborough Coytmore
John Winthrop, Jr. (1606-1676) was the oldest son of
Gov. John Winthrop (1588-1649) and Mary Forth Winthrop (1584-1615). He was educated
at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland, and studied law at the Inner Temple, London. In
1631 he followed his father to Massachusetts and, with twelve other men, in March
1632-33, began a plantation at what is now Ipswich, Massachusetts. The death of his
wife, Martha, and daughter in the autumn of 1634 caused him to change his plans and
he soon afterward returned to England. In 1635 he married Elizabeth, daughter of
Edmund Reade and step-daughter of Hugh Peters. She died in 1672, leaving two sons
and five daughters. In January 1645, he sold his farm at Ipswich and moved to New
London, Connecticut. He had been an assistant in the government of the Massachusetts
Bay Colony for eighteen years, but in 1651 he was elected Governor of Connecticut
and served until his death in 1676.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Downing, Emanuel, 1585-1660
Endecott, John, 1588?-1665
Firmin, Giles, 1614-1697
Gilbert, William, Rev.
Norton, John, 1606-1663
Payne, William, 1650-1696
Peters, Hugh, 1598-1660
Ward, Nathaniel, 1578-1652
Williams, Roger, 1604?-1683
Winthrop, John, 1588-1649
Winthrop, John, Jr., 1606-1676
Winthrop, Robert C., Jr.
Massachusetts--History--Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775
Massachusetts--Politics and government--To 1775
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Due to the age and fragile nature of these documents, researchers will not be
allowed to handle the original materials. A color scan has been made of each page for
researcher use and placed in Box 2. Researchers will only have access to Box 2 and
Folder 1 of Box 3. No photocopies may be made of the material. If copies are
necessary they will be printed out from digital files.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex