The processing of this collection was funded
by a gift from the Pingree heirs.
The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland
15.5 linear feet (21 boxes)
The Stephen G. and Ann Maria
Wheatland papers contain mostly financial papers, as well as papers from Stephen's
administration of estates, some correspondence, and personal papers.
SERIES I. Estate Administration
A. Timothy Bryant
D. Stephen Wheatland
SERIES II. Financial
A. Checks Returned
B. Paid Bills
C. Account Books
D. Other Financial and Business Records
SERIES III. Correspondence SERIES IV. Other
Scope and Content Note
The Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland papers contain mostly financial papers, as
well as papers from Stephen's administration of estates, some correspondence, and
personal papers. This collection has been divided into four series.
Series I. Estate Administration contains materials
concerning the administration of a number of individuals' estates, including Stephen
G. Wheatland. Stephen appears to have been an administrator or trustee for a few
different estates, including those of Captain Timothy Bryant, Robert E. Bemis, and
Martha Bemis. This series has been divided into four subseries. Subseries A. Timothy Bryant contains materials from Stephen Wheatland's
trusteeship of Captain Timothy Bryant's (1787-1870) estate. Stephen's father was a
ship master on some of Bryant's ships. Subseries B. Bemis
contains materials from Stephen Wheatland's management of the Bemis family estate.
It appears that Stephen's brother in-law, David Pingree (1841-1932) took over the
management of the Bemis estate after Stephen's death, as some of the later estate
correspondence is addressed to him. Subseries C. Other
contains materials from Stephen's management of other individuals' estates. Subseries D. contains materials relating to the
administration of Stephen's estate after his death.
Series II. Financial contains financial papers from
Stephen G. Wheatland and his family; this series has been divided into four
subseries. Subseries A. Checks Returned contains checks
written by Stephen or on his behalf that were returned back to him after they were
cashed. Also included in this subseries are check books with check stubs in them.
Subseries B. Paid Bills contains bills for either
Stephen or his family. The paid bills are organized according to the date on which
they were paid, if that date is marked on the bill. If the date is not marked on the
bill, the bill is filed according to the date on which it was created. Subseries C. Account Books contains family accounts and
bank books. Subseries D. Other Financial and Business
Records contains some materials relating to real estate that the
Wheatlands and/or Pingrees were involved in, such as receipts, payments, and deeds.
This subseries also contains some miscellaneous accounts.
Series III. Correspondence contains correspondence to
and from the Wheatlands. The correspondence, while not a large portion of the
collection, is mostly personal in nature. Correspondents include friends, family,
and some business associates. Much of the correspondence from 1892 is condolences
sent to Stephen's family after his death. Also included in this series are public
addresses made by Stephen.
Series IV. Other contains miscellaneous family
papers, such as George Wheatland's college expenses and Stephen Wheatland's report
card from Harvard University, as well as his notary public certificates and
passport. Also included in this series are different obituaries for Stephen
Wheatland, some news clippings, and miscellaneous materials.
Stephen Goodhue Wheatland was born on August 11, 1824, to
Richard Wheatland (1799-1842), a ship master, and his wife Mary Bemis (Richardson)
Wheatland (1795-1834) in Newton, Massachusetts. Stephen had two brothers, John
(1827-1828) and Richard Henry (born 1830). After their father's death, the boys went
to live with their uncle, George Wheatland.
Stephen attended Harvard College in 1844, and was admitted to the bar in 1850.
He served on the Salem City Council, was a representative in the Massachusetts
legislature, and was also the mayor of Salem, Massachusetts from 1863 to 1864.
Stephen also served as president of the exchange bank, was a leading member of the
North Church, and served in the Salem Light Infantry in 1852. In June 1869, Stephen
married Ann Maria Pingree.
Ann Maria (Pingree) Wheatland was born in 1846, to David
(1795-1863) and Ann Maria (Kimball) (1804-1893) Pingree of Salem, Massachusetts. She
had three siblings, Thomas Perkins, David (1841-1932), and Anna Peabody. Stephen and
Ann Maria had three children who lived to adulthood, Richard (1872-1944), David
Pingree, and Anna Pingree Phillips (1870-1938).
Stephen died March 2, 1892 in New York, while on his way to Asheville, North
Carolina ("Obituary Notes"). Ann Maria died in 1927, leaving an estate totaling over
four million dollars. The administrators of her estate were her son Richard, and his
son, Stephen (1897-1987) ("Estate of Salem Woman Totals Over $4,000,000").
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Bryant, Timothy, Jr.
Pingree, David, 1841-1932
Wheatland, Ann Maria (Pingree), 1846-1927
Wheatland, David P.
Wheatland, George, 1804-1893
Wheatland, Richard G., 1799-1842
Wheatland, Richard, 1872-1944
Wheatland, Stephen Goodhue, 1824-1892
Estates, administration of
Executors and administrators
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland Papers, MSS 906, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex
Museum, Salem, Mass.
The material was placed in acid-free folders and metal fasteners were removed.
Documents were surface cleaned as needed. Persons with sensitivities to mold should
use caution when viewing Stephen Wheatland's account books for the administration of
the Bemis estate, the returned checks, and the paid bills, as these have some
inactive mold on them.
Collection processed by Hilary Streifer, May 2016.
Ancestry.com. Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988
[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.
"Estate of Salem Woman Totals Over $4,000,000." The North
Adams Transcript. August 5, 1927.
"Obituary Notes." The New York Times. March 4,
Ann Maria Kimball Pingree Papers, 1823-1900. MSS
David Pingree (1795-1863) Papers, 1810-1939. MSS
David Pingree (1841-1932) Papers, 1831-1940. MSS
The Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland papers contain mostly financial papers, as well as papers from Stephen's administration of estates, some correspondence, and personal papers.
Salem (Mass.); Wheatland, Ann Maria (Pingree), 1846-1927; Wheatland, Stephen Goodhue, 1824-1892; Bryant, Timothy, Jr.; Pingree, David, 1841-1932; Wheatland, David P.; Wheatland, George, 1804-1893; Wheatland, Richard G., 1799-1842; Wheatland, Richard, 1872-1944; Estates, administration of; Executors and administrators; Inventories; Invoices; Letter writing; Letters; Real property
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.