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Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland Papers

Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland Papers

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The processing of this collection was funded by a gift from the Pingree heirs.

Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Wheatland family
Title:Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland Papers
Quantity:15.5 linear feet (21 boxes)
Abstract:The Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland papers contain mostly financial papers, as well as papers from Stephen's administration of estates, some correspondence, and personal papers.
Collection Number:MSS 906

Series List

SERIES I. Estate Administration
A. Timothy Bryant
B. Bemis
C. Other
D. Stephen Wheatland
SERIES II. Financial
A. Checks Returned
B. Paid Bills
C. Account Books
D. Other Financial and Business Records
SERIES III. Correspondence

Scope and Content Note

The Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland papers contain mostly financial papers, as well as papers from Stephen's administration of estates, some correspondence, and personal papers. This collection has been divided into four series.

Series I. Estate Administration contains materials concerning the administration of a number of individuals' estates, including Stephen G. Wheatland. Stephen appears to have been an administrator or trustee for a few different estates, including those of Captain Timothy Bryant, Robert E. Bemis, and Martha Bemis. This series has been divided into four subseries. Subseries A. Timothy Bryant contains materials from Stephen Wheatland's trusteeship of Captain Timothy Bryant's (1787-1870) estate. Stephen's father was a ship master on some of Bryant's ships. Subseries B. Bemis contains materials from Stephen Wheatland's management of the Bemis family estate. It appears that Stephen's brother in-law, David Pingree (1841-1932) took over the management of the Bemis estate after Stephen's death, as some of the later estate correspondence is addressed to him. Subseries C. Other contains materials from Stephen's management of other individuals' estates. Subseries D. contains materials relating to the administration of Stephen's estate after his death.

Series II. Financial contains financial papers from Stephen G. Wheatland and his family; this series has been divided into four subseries. Subseries A. Checks Returned contains checks written by Stephen or on his behalf that were returned back to him after they were cashed. Also included in this subseries are check books with check stubs in them. Subseries B. Paid Bills contains bills for either Stephen or his family. The paid bills are organized according to the date on which they were paid, if that date is marked on the bill. If the date is not marked on the bill, the bill is filed according to the date on which it was created. Subseries C. Account Books contains family accounts and bank books. Subseries D. Other Financial and Business Records contains some materials relating to real estate that the Wheatlands and/or Pingrees were involved in, such as receipts, payments, and deeds. This subseries also contains some miscellaneous accounts.

Series III. Correspondence contains correspondence to and from the Wheatlands. The correspondence, while not a large portion of the collection, is mostly personal in nature. Correspondents include friends, family, and some business associates. Much of the correspondence from 1892 is condolences sent to Stephen's family after his death. Also included in this series are public addresses made by Stephen.

Series IV. Other contains miscellaneous family papers, such as George Wheatland's college expenses and Stephen Wheatland's report card from Harvard University, as well as his notary public certificates and passport. Also included in this series are different obituaries for Stephen Wheatland, some news clippings, and miscellaneous materials.

Biographical Sketch

Stephen Goodhue Wheatland was born on August 11, 1824, to Richard Wheatland (1799-1842), a ship master, and his wife Mary Bemis (Richardson) Wheatland (1795-1834) in Newton, Massachusetts. Stephen had two brothers, John (1827-1828) and Richard Henry (born 1830). After their father's death, the boys went to live with their uncle, George Wheatland.

Stephen attended Harvard College in 1844, and was admitted to the bar in 1850. He served on the Salem City Council, was a representative in the Massachusetts legislature, and was also the mayor of Salem, Massachusetts from 1863 to 1864. Stephen also served as president of the exchange bank, was a leading member of the North Church, and served in the Salem Light Infantry in 1852. In June 1869, Stephen married Ann Maria Pingree.

Ann Maria (Pingree) Wheatland was born in 1846, to David (1795-1863) and Ann Maria (Kimball) (1804-1893) Pingree of Salem, Massachusetts. She had three siblings, Thomas Perkins, David (1841-1932), and Anna Peabody. Stephen and Ann Maria had three children who lived to adulthood, Richard (1872-1944), David Pingree, and Anna Pingree Phillips (1870-1938).

Stephen died March 2, 1892 in New York, while on his way to Asheville, North Carolina ("Obituary Notes"). Ann Maria died in 1927, leaving an estate totaling over four million dollars. The administrators of her estate were her son Richard, and his son, Stephen (1897-1987) ("Estate of Salem Woman Totals Over $4,000,000").

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Bemis family
Bryant, Timothy, Jr.
Pingree, David, 1841-1932
Wheatland, Ann Maria (Pingree), 1846-1927
Wheatland, David P.
Wheatland, George, 1804-1893
Wheatland, Richard G., 1799-1842
Wheatland, Richard, 1872-1944
Wheatland, Stephen Goodhue, 1824-1892
Estates, administration of
Executors and administrators
Letter writing
Real property
Salem (Mass.)


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Administrative Information


Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Stephen G. and Ann Maria Wheatland Papers, MSS 906, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.


The material was placed in acid-free folders and metal fasteners were removed. Documents were surface cleaned as needed. Persons with sensitivities to mold should use caution when viewing Stephen Wheatland's account books for the administration of the Bemis estate, the returned checks, and the paid bills, as these have some inactive mold on them.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Hilary Streifer, May 2016.

Related Material Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011.

"Estate of Salem Woman Totals Over $4,000,000." The North Adams Transcript. August 5, 1927.

"Obituary Notes." The New York Times. March 4, 1892.

Related Collections

Ann Maria Kimball Pingree Papers, 1823-1900. MSS 903

David Pingree (1795-1863) Papers, 1810-1939. MSS 901

David Pingree (1841-1932) Papers, 1831-1940. MSS 905

Martha Bemis Correspondence, 1831-1846. Fam. Mss 75

Pingree Family Scrapbook Collection, 1849-1972. MSS 927

Richard G. Wheatland Papers, 1819-1842. MSS 197

Richard and Mary K. Wheatland Family Papers, 1862-1951. MSS 907

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