Processing and conservation of this collection
were funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Cushing, John Newmarch, 1820-1904
John Newmarch Cushing (1820-1904)
2 linear feet (3 boxes, 2 volumes)
The John Newmarch Cushing
papers document the activities of this Newburyport, Massachusetts, merchant,
wharfinger, and ship chandler.
SERIES I. Shipping Papers
A. Account Books
B. Ships' and Shipping Papers
SERIES II. Personal Papers
Scope and Content Note
The John Newmarch Cushing papers document the activities of this Newburyport,
Massachusetts, merchant, wharfinger, and ship chandler. The collection also includes
John's business and personal papers, and business records of his father, John
Newmarch (1779-1849), and brother, William Cushing (1823-1875). The papers are
divided into two series.
Series I. Shipping Papers contains account books, and
ships' and shipping papers. The account books record shipping expenses incurred by
John's vessels, as well as wharfage, dockage, storage, and store rental services
which John offered to other merchants. Although this collection contains few records
documenting John's vessels, the ships' papers and shipping accounts are of special
interest because they provide fascinating shipbuilding and ship chandlery
information. Included are a large number of memorandums and accounts listing ship
dimensions (including mast and spar dimensions), stores, battens, sails, chains,
cordage, tools, paint, tinware, etc. (See Appendix I which notes special lists and
memorandums contained in the papers of each vessel.) Also of note in the ships'
papers are accounts of the ship Sonora, drawn up
following the firing of the vessel by the steamer Alabama in 1863, and general average and partial loss records of the
ship Mary L. Cushing, which was stranded on Block
Island in 1887, and later run into by another vessel while anchored in Calcutta
(1891). The shipping correspondence and legal papers contain merchant correspondence
from London and Calcutta, miscellaneous charter party agreements, and memorandums
and correspondence regarding shipbuilding designs and requirements.
Series II. Personal and Family Papers contains John's
personal and business papers, business records of his father, John Newmarch
(1779-1849), and brother, William Cushing (1823-1875), and miscellaneous papers.
John's papers include real estate and hay accounts, treasurer's memorandums and tax
accounts for the First Presbyterian Society of Newburyport, a fire department
membership certificate, and records relating to the trusteeship of Nicholas
Johnson's estate. John Newmarch Cushing's (1779-1849) papers feature documents
regarding increased pilotage rates on the Merrimac River. Of interest in William's
papers are his referee accounts settling the schooner Isabella's 1850 voyage to Labrador. Also included is a 1714 Salisbury
land deed of Caleb Cushing, miscellaneous master's correspondence, papers regarding
the estates of Thomas and William Pritchard, and an undated map of an army
installation, Camp Curtis, in Sulphur Springs, Missouri.
John Newmarch Cushing was born in 1820 in Newburyport,
Massachusetts, to John Newmarch (1779-1849) and Elizabeth (Johnson) Cushing. He was
a merchant, wharfinger, and ship chandler. He co-owned a fleet of ships and one of
Newburyport's largest shipyards, Cushing's Wharf located at the foot of Fair Street.
He married Mary Lawrence Brown (1819-1898) in 1843 and they had five children. He
died in 1904.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Cushing, Caleb, 1800-1879
Cushing, John Newmarch, 1779-1849
Cushing, William, 1823-1875
Elizabeth Cushing (Ship)
First Presbyterian Church (Newburyport, Mass.)
James Caskie (Brig)
James Gray (Brig)
John N. Cushing (Ship)
Josiah L. Hale (Ship)
Lawrence Brown (Ship)
Mary L. Cushing (Ship)
Estates, administration of
Lease and rental services
Pilots and pilotage
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex