Processing and conservation of this collection
were funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Chapman, Isaac Needham, active 1774-1818
Isaac Needham Chapman Papers
1.25 linear feet (3 boxes)
The Isaac Needham Chapman
Papers feature the shipping, personal, and family papers of this Salem,
Scope and Content Note
The Isaac Needham Chapman Papers feature the shipping, personal, and family papers of
this Salem, Massachusetts, shipmaster.
The shipping papers document Chapman's career as a sea captain from 1833 to
1838. The shipping letterbook and account book document Chapman's later voyages
aboard the bark Annie Buckman and the ship Andes (1853-1858). The ships' papers contain the records
of 14 vessels which Chapman mastered. These papers include master's and owners'
correspondence, financial and insurance accounts, and inventories of ships' stores.
Of interest are the ship Argo's warrants for the return
of runaway seamen and an 1838 protest regarding an attack made by three seamen of
the brig Osage upon their officers. The papers of the
ship Nereus contain an 1818 manifest from the brig's
first voyage (Chapman's father, Isaac N. Chapman, was master at this time).
The miscellaneous shipping papers include ships' accounts and merchant
correspondence, directions for sailing into Port Jackson (Australia) and memorandums
concerning trade in Calcutta. Also found here are correspondence and accounts
generated from the insolvency case of Calef & Pierson, a shipping firm which was
in debt to Chapman and his brother-in-law Joshua Phippen.
The personal and family papers contain personal correspondence and accounts of
Chapman, his wives Sarah (Fogg) and Ursula S. (Phippen) Chapman, his son Frances
Needham Chapman, his sisters Margaret, Abigail, Augusta, Mary A. (Chapman) Webster,
and Elizabeth (Chapman) Grimes, and his father-in-law Captain Hardy Phippen. Of
interest is an 1849 Salem East India Marine Society certificate honoring Chapman's
gift of a United States Indian pipe (E3492), notes on the 1876 Philadelphia
Centennial Exhibition, genealogical memorandums on the Burroughs and Proctor
families, and an inventory of Chapman's house furnishings.
Isaac Needham Chapman, son of Isaac Needham (1776-1844)
and Rebecca (Symonds) (1778-1848) Chapman, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, in
1806. He became a sea captain. From 1833 to 1838, he mastered vessels owned by such
prosperous firms as P.I. Farnham & Co (New York), R.C. Mackay & J.T.
Coolidge (Boston), and N.L. Rogers & Brothers (Salem). He conducted voyages to
Europe, the East Indies, Singapore, India, Australia, the South Sea Islands, Hawaii,
South America, Nova Scotia, and the northwest coast of the United States. See
Appendix I for a chronology of Chapman's career and Appendix II for a list of ships
mastered by Chapman.
Chapman first married Sarah Fogg in 1837 and later Ursula S. Phippen
(1809-1887) in 1840. He had two children with Ursula: Hardy Phippen Chapman
(1846-1924) and Frances Needham (1844-1920).
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Chapman, Francis Needham, 1844-
Chapman, Isaac Needham, active 1774-1818
Chapman, Sarah Fogg
Chapman, Ursula Symonds Phippen, 1809-
Phippen, Hardy, 1778-
Phippen, Joshua, 1812-
Annie Buckman (Brig)
Calef & Pierson (Salem, Mass.)
East-India Marine Society of Salem
J. T. Coolidge
N.L. Rogers and Brothers (Salem, Mass.)
P.I. Farnham & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
Sea Queen (Bark)
Washington Allston (Ship)
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
The Isaac Needham Chapman Papers are a reintegration and reorganization of 2 boxes
and 1 envelope of manuscript material. The bulk of the collection was donated by
Marion U. Chapman in a series of gifts from 1925 to 1955.
Collection processed by Sylvia B. Kennick, July 1985. Updated by Catherine Robertson,
Ancestry.com. Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records,
1620-1988 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations,
Account book of I.N. Chapman, 1847, MSS 1533.1
Account book of I.N. Chapman, 1848-1852, MSS
Letter book of I.N. Chapman, 1850-1857, MSS