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Isaac Needham Chapman Papers

Isaac Needham Chapman Papers

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Open Finding Aid

ISAAC NEEDHAM CHAPMAN PAPERS, 1818-1893

Sponsor:

Processing and conservation of this collection were funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Chapman, Isaac Needham, active 1774-1818
Title:Isaac Needham Chapman Papers
Dates:1818/1893
Quantity:1.25 linear feet (3 boxes)
Abstract:The Isaac Needham Chapman Papers feature the shipping, personal, and family papers of this Salem, Massachusetts, shipmaster.
Collection Number:MSS 184

Series List


Scope and Content Note

The Isaac Needham Chapman Papers feature the shipping, personal, and family papers of this Salem, Massachusetts, shipmaster.


The shipping papers document Chapman's career as a sea captain from 1833 to 1838. The shipping letterbook and account book document Chapman's later voyages aboard the bark Annie Buckman and the ship Andes (1853-1858). The ships' papers contain the records of 14 vessels which Chapman mastered. These papers include master's and owners' correspondence, financial and insurance accounts, and inventories of ships' stores. Of interest are the ship Argo's warrants for the return of runaway seamen and an 1838 protest regarding an attack made by three seamen of the brig Osage upon their officers. The papers of the ship Nereus contain an 1818 manifest from the brig's first voyage (Chapman's father, Isaac N. Chapman, was master at this time).


The miscellaneous shipping papers include ships' accounts and merchant correspondence, directions for sailing into Port Jackson (Australia) and memorandums concerning trade in Calcutta. Also found here are correspondence and accounts generated from the insolvency case of Calef & Pierson, a shipping firm which was in debt to Chapman and his brother-in-law Joshua Phippen.


The personal and family papers contain personal correspondence and accounts of Chapman, his wives Sarah (Fogg) and Ursula S. (Phippen) Chapman, his son Frances Needham Chapman, his sisters Margaret, Abigail, Augusta, Mary A. (Chapman) Webster, and Elizabeth (Chapman) Grimes, and his father-in-law Captain Hardy Phippen. Of interest is an 1849 Salem East India Marine Society certificate honoring Chapman's gift of a United States Indian pipe (E3492), notes on the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition, genealogical memorandums on the Burroughs and Proctor families, and an inventory of Chapman's house furnishings.


Biographical Sketch

Isaac Needham Chapman, son of Isaac Needham (1776-1844) and Rebecca (Symonds) (1778-1848) Chapman, was born in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1806. He became a sea captain. From 1833 to 1838, he mastered vessels owned by such prosperous firms as P.I. Farnham & Co (New York), R.C. Mackay & J.T. Coolidge (Boston), and N.L. Rogers & Brothers (Salem). He conducted voyages to Europe, the East Indies, Singapore, India, Australia, the South Sea Islands, Hawaii, South America, Nova Scotia, and the northwest coast of the United States. See Appendix I for a chronology of Chapman's career and Appendix II for a list of ships mastered by Chapman.


Chapman first married Sarah Fogg in 1837 and later Ursula S. Phippen (1809-1887) in 1840. He had two children with Ursula: Hardy Phippen Chapman (1846-1924) and Frances Needham (1844-1920).


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Burroughs family
Chapman family
Chapman, Francis Needham, 1844-
Chapman, Isaac Needham, active 1774-1818
Chapman, Sarah Fogg
Chapman, Ursula Symonds Phippen, 1809-
Phippen, Hardy, 1778-
Phippen, Joshua, 1812-
Proctor family
Aldebaran (Ship)
Andes (Ship)
Annie Buckman (Brig)
Argo (Ship)
Calef & Pierson (Salem, Mass.)
Clio (Brig)
Consul (Brig)
Dolphin (Ship)
East-India Marine Society of Salem
Gulnare (Bark)
J. T. Coolidge
N.L. Rogers and Brothers (Salem, Mass.)
Nereus (Brig)
Osage (Brig)
P.I. Farnham & Co. (New York, N.Y.)
R.C. MacKay
Rambler (Ship)
Sea Queen (Bark)
Union (Ship)
Washington Allston (Ship)
Bankruptcy
Desertion, naval
Genealogy
Inventories
Sailors--Disorderly conduct
Ship captains
Shipping--Australia
Shipping--India
Shipping--Singapore
Account books

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Isaac Needham Chapman Papers, MSS 184, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

The Isaac Needham Chapman Papers are a reintegration and reorganization of 2 boxes and 1 envelope of manuscript material. The bulk of the collection was donated by Marion U. Chapman in a series of gifts from 1925 to 1955.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Sylvia B. Kennick, July 1985. Updated by Catherine Robertson, June 2015.


Related Material

Ancestry.com. Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.


Account book of I.N. Chapman, 1847, MSS 1533.1


Account book of I.N. Chapman, 1848-1852, MSS 1533.2


Letter book of I.N. Chapman, 1850-1857, MSS 1533.3

Appendix I

Appendix II


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