The processing of this collection was funded
by gifts from the Pingree heirs.
The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Heron Lake Dam Company (Me.)
Heron Lake Dam Company
0.5 linear feet (1 box, 1 flat file)
The Heron Lake Dam Company
records document the company's operations.
SERIES I. Financial Records SERIES II. Other
Scope and Content Note
The Heron Lake Dam Company records document the company's operations. This
collection has been divided into two series.
Series I. Financial Records contains a memo book,
bills, receipts, bank books, treasurer's reports, and information about the
Series II. Other contains a variety of materials.
Included in this series are copies of the act of incorporation and additional
charters, information about company-owned land, and plans and sketches. There are
also notices about meetings being held, assignment reports, correspondence, notes
about the company, proxies appointed for stockholder meetings, and report about
lumbering and driving statistics.
The Lake Heron Dam Company was incorporated by the Senate
and House of Representatives of the State of Maine, in 1846. The purpose of the
company was to make, construct, and maintain a dam on the Allagash River, below the
Heron Lake so that logs and lumber could be transported from Heron Lake into
Chamberlain Lake and then down the Penobscot River.
Heron Lake Dam (now known as Churchill Dam) was built at the outlet of Churchill
Lake, Maine, at the head of the head of the Allagash River. The Heron Lake Dam was
designed to raise the water level of Churchill and Eagle Lakes, backing up the water
almost to Chamberlain Dam, where a second dam was built to serve as a lock, so that
logs could easily be floated into Chamberlain Lake, continue down the Allagash River
and eventually end up in Bangor (Bennett 79). The act of incorporation also allowed
the company to charge a toll for the use of the dam to transport logs and lumber
(Acts and Resolves 495).
The original Heron Lake Dam was replaced in 1925, but this dam was washed out by
spring ice in 1954. In 1968 a stone and cribwork structure was built; however, this
design was only supposed to last 20 years at most. Logging traffic caused the dam to
sag and deteriorate. Voters rejected replacing the dam twice, in 1987 and in 1990,
but in 1996 repairs were voted on, and $1.4 million dollars was allocated to
rebuilding the dam. Work on the dam began in 1997 to create a cement structure, this
time it was designed to last a century (Adams 1).
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Buck, Hosea B. 1871-1937
Coe, Eben Smith, 1814-1899
Coe, Thomas Upham,
Pingree, David, 1795-1863
Pingree, David, 1841-1932
Sewall, James Wingate,
Heron Lake Dam Company
Dams--Design and construction
Allagash River (Me.)
Churchill Dam (Me.)
Heron Lake Dam (Me.)
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
Heron Lake Dam Company Records, MSS 920, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum,
This material was donated by Pingree family heirs. A copy of the act to incorporate
the Lake Heron Dam Company came from the Chamberlain Farm and Dam Records (MSS 916).
Collection processed by Hilary Streifer, February 2016.
Acts and Resolves Passed by the Twenty-Sixth Legislature
of the State of Maine, A. D. 1846. William T. Johnson: Augusta, Maine,
The Heron Lake Dam Company records document the company's operations.
Heron Lake Dam Company (Me.); Allagash River (Me.); Churchill Dam (Me.); Heron Lake Dam (Me.); Maine; Buck, Hosea B. 1871-1937; Coe, Eben Smith, 1814-1899; Coe, Thomas Upham, 1837-1920; Pingree, David, 1795-1863; Pingree, David, 1841-1932; Sewall, James Wingate, 1852-1905; Dams--Design and construction; Dams--Maine; Logging--Maine; Lumber trade--Maine; Lumbering--Maine; Stockholders
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.