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Heron Lake Dam Company Records

Heron Lake Dam Company Records

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Open Finding Aid

HERON LAKE DAM COMPANY RECORDS, 1846-1938

Sponsor:

The processing of this collection was funded by gifts from the Pingree heirs.





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Heron Lake Dam Company (Me.)
Title:Heron Lake Dam Company Records
Dates:1846/1938
Quantity:0.5 linear feet (1 box, 1 flat file)
Abstract:The Heron Lake Dam Company records document the company's operations.
Collection Number:MSS 920

Series List


SERIES I. Financial Records
SERIES II. Other

Scope and Content Note


The Heron Lake Dam Company records document the company's operations. This collection has been divided into two series.


Series I. Financial Records contains a memo book, bills, receipts, bank books, treasurer's reports, and information about the company's stocks.


Series II. Other contains a variety of materials. Included in this series are copies of the act of incorporation and additional charters, information about company-owned land, and plans and sketches. There are also notices about meetings being held, assignment reports, correspondence, notes about the company, proxies appointed for stockholder meetings, and report about lumbering and driving statistics.


Historical Sketch

The Lake Heron Dam Company was incorporated by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Maine, in 1846. The purpose of the company was to make, construct, and maintain a dam on the Allagash River, below the Heron Lake so that logs and lumber could be transported from Heron Lake into Chamberlain Lake and then down the Penobscot River.


Heron Lake Dam (now known as Churchill Dam) was built at the outlet of Churchill Lake, Maine, at the head of the head of the Allagash River. The Heron Lake Dam was designed to raise the water level of Churchill and Eagle Lakes, backing up the water almost to Chamberlain Dam, where a second dam was built to serve as a lock, so that logs could easily be floated into Chamberlain Lake, continue down the Allagash River and eventually end up in Bangor (Bennett 79). The act of incorporation also allowed the company to charge a toll for the use of the dam to transport logs and lumber (Acts and Resolves 495).


The original Heron Lake Dam was replaced in 1925, but this dam was washed out by spring ice in 1954. In 1968 a stone and cribwork structure was built; however, this design was only supposed to last 20 years at most. Logging traffic caused the dam to sag and deteriorate. Voters rejected replacing the dam twice, in 1987 and in 1990, but in 1996 repairs were voted on, and $1.4 million dollars was allocated to rebuilding the dam. Work on the dam began in 1997 to create a cement structure, this time it was designed to last a century (Adams 1).


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Buck, Hosea B. 1871-1937
Coe, Eben Smith, 1814-1899
Coe, Thomas Upham, 1837-1920
Pingree, David, 1795-1863
Pingree, David, 1841-1932
Sewall, James Wingate, 1852-1905
Heron Lake Dam Company (Me.)
Dams--Design and construction
Dams--Maine
Logging--Maine
Lumber trade--Maine
Lumbering--Maine
Stockholders
Allagash River (Me.)
Churchill Dam (Me.)
Heron Lake Dam (Me.)
Maine

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Heron Lake Dam Company Records, MSS 920, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This material was donated by Pingree family heirs. A copy of the act to incorporate the Lake Heron Dam Company came from the Chamberlain Farm and Dam Records (MSS 916).

Processing Information

Collection processed by Hilary Streifer, February 2016.


Related Material


Acts and Resolves Passed by the Twenty-Sixth Legislature of the State of Maine, A. D. 1846. William T. Johnson: Augusta, Maine, 1846.


Adams, Glen. "Conservationists Cheer for a New Maine Dam." Los Angeles Times. 5 March 2000. Accessed 2 February 2016. http://articles.latimes.com/print/2000/mar/05/news/mn-5521


Bennett, Dean B. The Wilderness from Chamberlain Farm: A Story of Hope for the American Wild. Island Press: Washington D.C., 2001.


Chamberlain Farm and Dam and Telos Canal Records, 1835-1928, 1968. MSS 916


David Pingree Papers, 1810-1939. MSS 901


E. S. Coe Papers, 1844-1906. MSS 924


James Wingate Sewall Business Records, 1835-1916. MSS 921


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