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William Cogswell (1838-1895) Papers

William Cogswell (1838-1895) Papers

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Open Finding Aid

WILLIAM COGSWELL (1838-1895) PAPERS, 1861-1894





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Cogswell, William, 1838-1895
Title:William Cogswell (1838-1895) Papers
Dates:1861/1894
Quantity:2 linear feet (4 boxes)
Abstract:The William Cogswell papers document Cogswell's career as a politician and military officer.
Collection Number:MSS 212

Series List


SERIES I. Military and Political Papers
SERIES II. Speeches

Scope and Content Note

The William Cogswell papers document Cogswell's career as a politician and military officer. The collection is divided into two series.


Papers in Series I. Military and Political Papers describe his daily work as quartermaster of the Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. The papers include accounts of battles, military maps, and letters from other military officers recommending Cogswell's promotion to brigadier general. The political papers draw from his activities as Salem mayor, Massachusetts senator, and United States congressman. Box 1 Folder 10 contains some letters and news clippings about Cogswell’s refusal to accept the Salem postmastership.


Series II. Speeches contains the bulk of Cogswell's papers. It consists of his speeches made before political, civic, and military groups during his terms as United States congressman. Cogswell spoke on a variety of topics including military campaigns, fisheries, agriculture, and the political arena.


Biographical Sketch

William Cogswell (1838-1895) was born in Bradford, Massachusetts, educated at Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, graduated from Harvard Law School in 1860, and practiced law in Salem, Massachusetts. He served in the Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry as a captain in 1861, rising to brigadier general in 1864. Cogswell's political positions included mayor of Salem (1867-1869, 1873-1874), member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1870-1871, 1881-1883), member of the Massachusetts Senate (1885-1886), and member of the United States House of Representatives (1887-1895). He died in Washington, D.C., on May 22, 1895, and was buried at Harmony Grove Cemetery in Salem.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Cogswell, William, 1838-1895
Massachusetts. Militia
Agriculture--Addresses, sermons, etc.
Campaign speeches
Fisheries--Addresses, sermons, etc.
Legislators--United States
Letter writing
Military history
Military supplies
Speeches, addresses, etc.
Essex County (Mass.)--Politics and government
Massachusetts--Politics and government
Salem (Mass.)--Mayors
Salem (Mass.)--Politics and government
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--Politics and government

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

William Cogswell (1838-1895) Papers, MSS 212, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

The Cogswell papers are a reorganization and integration of one scrapbook and two boxes. A folder of orrespondence, speeches, clippings, 1866-1871 (B1 F10), was donated by William B. Welch on February 21, 1968. The rest of the collection is from an unknown source.

Processing Information

Collection processed by John Henderson, May 1986. Updated by Lee Jacoby, December 2015.


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