The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Penhallow Family Papers
2.75 linear feet (3 boxes)
The Penhallow Family Papers
contain letters, wills, deeds, and shipping papers of a prominent shipping and
merchant family in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
SERIES I. Penhallow Family Papers
A. Samuel (1665-1726), John (1693-1735), and Samuel
B. Thomas Wibird Penhallow (1783-1876)
C. Pearce Wentworth Penhallow (1817-1885)
D. Captain Pearce W. Penhallow (1855-1878)
SERIES II. Wentworth Family Papers SERIES III. Warner Family Papers SERIES IV. Ships' Papers SERIES V. Other Family Papers
Scope and Content Note
The Penhallow Family Papers contain letters, wills, deeds, and shipping papers of a
prominent shipping and merchant family in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. It also
includes papers of related individuals in the Cutts, Wentworth, Sherborne,
Macphaedris, Wibird, Warner, and Jeffry families. It has been divided into five
Series I. Penhallow Family Papers has been organized
into four subseries. Subseries A. Samuel (1665-1726), John
(1693-1735), and Samuel (1722-1813) Penhallow consists of letters, legal
and shipping papers, and a letter copy book. Documents include: the bond of Samuel
Penhallow to Richard Wibird, surety for his faithful performance of his duties as
treasurer of the province (1723); a power of attorney from John Penhallow to Thomas
Phipps (1727); a deposition of James Miller before John Penhallow that dealt with
the charter between Capt. John Wiley and George Christy (1730); receipts from
Jonathan Warner (1789), John Tuston (1769) and others; a letter from Samuel
Penhallow to Mr. Kneeland regarding Lisbon wine (1783); and a copy of Samuel
Penhallow's 1812 will. Subseries B. Thomas Wibird Penhallow
(1783-1876) contains a letter to Thomas W. Penhallow from Saunders and
Beach regarding the sale of their share in the Abellino
and various accounts (1817) and a deed of land and buildings in Portsmouth to Thomas
W. Penhallow by Hunking and Benjamin Penhallow, merchants (1818). Subseries C. Pearce Wentworth Penhallow (1817-1885)
contains papers related to the court proceedings in The Mersey Docks and
Harbour Board vs. Penhallow case and letters related to shipping and the guano
trade. Correspondents include Glidden & Williams, H. O. Briggs, William Cook
& Company, J. O. Baker & Company. Subseries D. Captain
Pearce W. Penhallow consists of a scrapbook created by Pearce W.
containing genealogical information, family biographies, and copies of documents,
such as wills. Some of the documents in this collection were removed from the
scrapbook and place in separate folders.
Series II. Wentworth Family Papers contains the
papers of John, Benning, Sarah, and Mark J. Wentworth. John Wentworth's papers
include a mortgage deed for land in Portsmouth (1717); a letter from Cadiz regarding
the capture of the ship George and her clearance for
London (1719) including account current with Thomas Palmer (1720); and a note
payable for £50 to George Jaffrey, Henry Sherburne, Joshua Peirce, John Rindge,
Theodore Atkinson, George Walker, et. al. (1734). Benning Wentworth is represented
in the collection by a draft on John Newmarch payable to Messrs Springer & Low
for £50 (1727). Also included is a copy of Sarah Wentworth's 1740/41 will. Two
documents for Mark H. J. Wentworth include and a letter from Jonathan Nelson
regarding a trial shipment of staves (1754) and a tax bill (1785).
Series III. Warner Family Papers contains papers of
Daniel Warner and Jonathan Warner. Daniel's papers include: a receipt for salt from
Benning Wentworth signed by James Bowdoin (1731); a deposition of Ebenezer Hanscom
that Daniel Warner assured Jonathan Brown of Rye reimbursement for all provisions
supplied to Joseph Hutchings, shipwright, who was building a schooner for Warner
(1784); an inventory of his estate (1778); and probate court's permission to
Jonathan Warner, administrator of Daniel Warner's estate, to sell sufficient real
estate to pay all bills (1779). Jonathan Warner's papers include papers for or
letters about the ships Atkinson, Caesar, Elizabeth, Mary, Nathaniel, New
Hampshire, and Treeothick as well as bills,
letters, and a deposition of Tobias Lear. Of interest is an agreement between Warner
and a black servant, Nero, for a three-year term of service (1800).
Series IV. Ships' Papers consists of papers of Daniel
Jackson, master of the brigantines Polly and Success and a sheet of prices current from Liverpool
Series V. Other Family Papers consists of papers of
people related to the Penhallows. Folder 18 contains a
deed from John Cutts to Reuben Hull for a parcel of land on the Piscataqua River
(1694) and judgement for Charles Runlet to pay £10 to the estate of Captain Richard
Cutt (1678, 1762). Folder 19 has five documents: a letter
to Capt. Thomas Phipps from Thomas Fitch (1708/9); a deed of land on Great Bay
Piscataqua River from Thomas Phipps to Joshua Weeks (1711); account with Capt. John
Pickering (1708-1722); power of attorney from Phineas Jones to Thomas Phipps (1732);
and the distribution of the Phipps estate (1740). Folder
20 consists of a judgement upon Richard King, shipwright of Kittery, to
be paid to Henry Sherburne (1734) and an order of the court to Henry Sherburne, Jr.
to sell Peter Greley's widow's third to settle claims on the estate (1757).
Folder 21 includes: a letter from John Arbutnot
regarding the ship Earnest (1715); letters from Benning
Wentworth regarding consignments for sale in Boston (1716-1720); an account for the
sale of four negroes on the snow Ann from Barbados
(1717); a letter and account of an order of beef and bread on board the sloop Jackson (1717); a letter regarding the ship Sarah's arrival at Cork from Lisbon (1719); a bill of
lading for the Mary Galley (1722); deeds to lots in
Rochester and Chester to John Downing and Samuel Rankin from the estate of Archibald
Macphaedris (1730); letters regarding the death of Gilbert Macphaedris and
settlement of his estate (1735), and other letters. Folder
22 contains a power of attorney from Richard Wibird to Thomas Phipps
(1727). Folder 23 contains two deeds, one from Daniel
Peirce to John Abbot, cordwainer and mariner, for a parcel of land in Portsmouth
(1747); the other a mortgage deed of house and land in Portsmouth from Daniel
Croxford to Daniel Peirce (1755). Folder 24 contains
correspondence between James Jeffry and his son, Cyprian (1749-1750); an attachment
upon the goods or estate of Cyprian Jeffry for debt due John King (1761); and
Cyprian Jeffrey's tax bill (1762). Folder 25 contains a
receipt for John Davis from John King witnessed by Cyprian Jeffry (1763).
Folder 26 contains: deeds to Daniel and Samuel
Sherburne to various lands by John Seward and James Haslet (1771-1772); deeds from
Woodbury Langdon to Samuel Sherburne (1783); a deed of a share of land in Gilmantown
from Nathaniel Sherburne as executor of Daniel Sherbourne's estate to Samuel
Sherburne (1785); and two letters to Samuel Sherburne (1783, 1805). It also includes
a copy of the will of Mary, Duchess Dowager of Norfolk (1749). Folder 27 contains shipping papers of Captain Nathaniel Sherburne,
including a letter to him from A. W. Truesdel regarding the rescue of a crew from a
sloop in distress (1786); a letter of instruction from Joshua Wentworth for the ship
Nancy (1789); a bill of lading for the brig George (1790); and a bill of lading for the brig Ceres (1792). Folder 28
contains a letter from Thomas Palmer, a Scottish printer, to Tobias Lear, a
Washington banker, about where best to settle in America (1800).
Folder 29 contains a variety of documents, including:
a receipt for Greenwich Hospital dues for a "boat-keeper" from Newfoundland (1734);
an indenture for John Lee, apprenticed to Edmund Coffin to learn the trades of
mariner (1760); a summons to George Massey, administrator of the estate of John
Pray, to answer an action of debt brought by Elisha Plaisted (1745); a writ for
arrest of Samuel Booth of Scarborough for non-payment of debt by Joseph Bowditch
(1760); an indenture for Sarah Tucker to become a servant to John King for two years
(1763); an indenture for William Rion, apprenticed to John How, cooper (1764); a
protested bill of exchange (1768); a notice of sale of the province excise on
spirituous liquors (1774); a letter from Thomas Wilson to William Boyd regarding
insurance (1803); and a petition of the inhabitants of Portsmouth to the United
States Congress that voluntary contributions be raised under their auspices for the
ransom of United States prisoners in Algiers (undated).
Folder 30 contains an account book by a Sherburne
family member who also wrote a list of deaths and some genealogical information.
John Penhallow was born on January 13, 1693. His earliest
ancestor in this country was Samuel Penhallow who first settled in Charlestown,
Massachusetts, and afterwards in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He was clerk of the
Superior Court in New Hampshire in 1711 and later went into business with his
brother-in-law, James Pemberton, merchant in Boston. He first married Elizabeth
Butler (1691-1736) and they had two sons, John (1723-1809) and Samuel (1722-1813).
He later married Elizabeth, widow of John Watts, his former business partner. He
died on July 28, 1735.
John Penhallow was born in 1723 in Portsmouth, New
Hampshire. He was a ship captain. He married Sarah Wentworth (ca. 1727-1773) and
they had five children: John, Thomas, Hunking, Benjamin, and Mary. He died on March
13, 1809 in Portsmouth.
Pearce Wentworth Penhallow was born in Portsmouth,
New Hampshire, on February 27, 1817, to Hunking (1766-1826) and Harriet Pearce,
daughter of David and Bethiah Ingersoll Pearce of Gloucester, Massachusetts. His
life was spent on the sea, just like his father. In 1840 he was put in command of
the ship Margaret Scott of Portsmouth and traded
between New England and the southern United States. In 1844 he was transferred to
the ship Rockingham. In 1850 Messrs Glidden and
Williams gave him the command of the ship George Raynes
of the San Francisco line. In 1854 he was in command of the ship Sierra Nevada which was engaged in the guano trade. He
was married on October 16, 1845 to Elizabeth Warner Pitts Sherburne (1823-1909),
daughter of John Nathaniel Sherburne of Portsmouth. They had four sons: Thomas
Wibird (1846-1930); William T. (1854-1865); Pearce W. (1855-1878); and Charles
Sherburne (1852-1921). He died in Boston on December 9, 1885.
Archibald Macphaedris was born 1680 in Antrim,
Londonderry, Ireland. He made his fortune as a sea captain and trader before coming
to New Hampshire. His first ventures here were in the fur trade and lumber exports.
He developed a good relationship with the Indians and set up a network of outposts
and employees to acquire furs. Exporting his products back to London made him one of
the richest and most important men in Portsmouth at the time. Starting in 1718, he
built a house on Daniel Street. The work was finished in 1723, at an expense of
£6000. He occupied the mansion for only six years before his death. Macphaedris
owned much land, including a plantation in Casco, Maine. He owned saw mills that he
wanted to convert to an iron works. These works were on the Lamprey River and in his
estate inventory his share was valued at £2000. The Lamprey Ironworks operated until
MacPheadris' death in 1728. He married Sarah Wentworth (1702-1776), the daughter of
Governor John Wentworth and sister to Benning Wentworth. Two children survived
infancy, a son Gilbert and a daughter Mary. [After his death, in 1728, she married
George Jaffrey.] Their daughter, Mary (1724-1776), was married to Hon. Jonathan
Warner. In 1724 Macphaedris was appointed to the governing council of New Hampshire
and retained this position until his death on February 26, 1728.
Jonathan Warner was born on September 6, 1726, the
son of Col. Daniel and Sarah (Hill) Warner, in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He was a
royal councilor. He died May 14, 1814.
See Appendices I and II for genealogical charts of the Penhallow family and the
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Jackson, Daniel, Captain
Lear, Tobias, 1762-1816
Macpheadris, Archibald, -1729
Penhallow, John, 1693-1735
Penhallow, Pearce Wentworth, 1817-1885
Penhallow, Samuel, 1665-1726
Penhallow, Samuel, 1722-1813
Penhallow, Thomas W.
Warner, Jonathan, 1726-1814
Wentworth, Benning, 1696-1770
Wentworth, John, 1672-1730
Wentworth, Mark H. J., 1697-1784
Wentworth, Sarah, 1702-1776
Wibird, Richard, 1702-1765
Glidden & Williams (Boston, Mass.)
Mary Galley (Vessel)
Sierra Nevada (Ship)
United States--Commerce--Antigua and Barbuda--Antigua
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
Copies of letters relating to the clipper ship Sierra
Nevada were purchased on July 27, 1938 (acc #10,374). The manuscript
transcript of notes of the trial of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board vs Penhallow,
were donated by Charles D. Childs on September 26, 1944 (acc #11, 298). Other papers
were purchased on August 9, 1944 (acc #11, 280).
Collection processed by Tamara Gaydos, November 2015.
Colby, Fred Myron. "The Warner Home of Portsmouth." The Granite
Monthly: A New Hampshire Magazine Devoted to Literature, History, and State
Progress. By John N. McClintock. Vol. VII. Concord, NH: Granite Monthly,
Giszpenc, Nicolas. "Sierra Nevada off Point Lynas." Maritime Art Collection - Blue World Web Museum. The Kelton Foundation,
n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2015. http://bit.ly/1RT5tpy
Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic
Genealogical Society. Towne Memorial Fund. v. 1-9: 1845-97. Vol. VIII.
Boston: Society, 1907.
Penhallow, Pearce W. Memoir of the Penhallow Family: With
Copies of Letters and Papers of an Early Date. Boston: David Clapp &
Son, Printers, 1878.
Copies of letters relating to the clipper ship Sierra Nevada were purchased on July 27, 1938 (acc #10,374). The manuscript transcript of notes of the trial of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board vs Penhallow, were donated by Charles D. Childs on September 26, 1944 (acc #11, 298). Other papers were purchased on August 9, 1944 (acc #11, 280).