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James Locke (1762-1845) Papers

James Locke (1762-1845) Papers

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JAMES LOCKE (1762-1845) PAPERS, 1745-1867

Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Locke, James, 1762-1845
Title:James Locke (1762-1845) Papers
Quantity:2.75 Linear feet (3 boxes)
Abstract:This collection contains papers of James Locke, a merchant and innkeeper in Salisbury, Newburyport, and Andover, Massachusetts.
Collection Number:MSS 486

Series List

SERIES I. Personal Papers
SERIES II. Business Papers
SERIES III. Shipping Papers

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains papers of James Locke, a merchant and innkeeper in Salisbury, Newburyport, and Andover, Massachusetts. The papers include personal correspondence, business records, legal documents, accounts and receipts, and shipping papers. Also included are estate papers belonging to the Goodhue, Stickney, Stone, and Upton families.

Series I. Personal Papers includes personal papers of James Locke and his family. Box 1 Folders 1 and 2 contain correspondence from James Odiorne Locke to his father and stepmother, and also one letter to his sister Mary. The letters describe his adventures at sea from age 16 until shortly before his death in 1840. Folder 3 contains letters to James Locke from others, including several family members. Folder 4 contains two letters from James Locke.

Folder 5 contains papers pertaining to the estate of John Odiorne (1735-1788), the first husband of James Locke's wife Tabitha. Folder 6 similarly contains estate papers of Jonathan Dalton (died 1802), who was the first husband of Sally, James Locke's second wife. Each folder includes inventories, legal papers and accounts. The papers indicate that James Locke assumed guardianship of the minor children John Odiorne (1784-1826) and John Dalton (1795-1830). Folder 7 includes wills and estate papers of the Goodhue, Stickney, Stone, and Upton families, most or all of whom were related to James Locke through marriage.

Series II. Business Papers includes business and financial papers of James Locke and his associates. Most pertain to Locke's years as a dry goods merchant and part-owner of ships sailing out of Newburyport. Other papers deal with town affairs, particularly Andover. Among the accounts and receipts are also records of school expenses, building construction and maintenance, and tax receipts. Folder 12 contains a few news clippings and ephemera.

Series III. Shipping Papers includes bills of sale, invoices, dispersements, accounts and receipts, cargo lists, charter agreements, and other papers pertaining to 16 ships, several of which were owned in part by James Locke. The largest sets of papers pertain to the schooners Hope and Dolly. They are arranged in chronological order.

Biographical Sketch

James Locke was born on November 14, 1762, in Seabrook, New Hampshire, the son of Timothy and Lydia (Dow) Locke. He became a dry goods merchant in Salisbury and Newburyport, Massachusetts. In 1817 he became the proprietor of the Mansion House in Andover, Massachusetts, and in 1825 he established the Locke Tavern, which still stands on Main Street in Andover. James Locke was featured in Oliver Wendell Holmes' poem School Boy. James Locke married Tabitha Edwards Odiorne in 1790 and they had four children: David, Mary, James, and Hiram. Following Tabitha's death in 1802 he married Sally Stickney Dalton in 1803. James Locke died on April 20, 1845 in Andover.

Relevant genealogical information can be found in Appendix I.

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Dalton, John, d. 1802
Locke, James Odiorne, 1796-1840
Locke, James, 1762-1845
Lumbard, Barzilla, 1770-
Odiorne, John 1735-1788
Tappan, Amos, 1775-
Commodore Preble (Ship)
Dolly (Schooner)
Farmer (Schooner)
Hannah (Ship)
Harriet (Schooner)
Hiram (Schooner)
Hope (Schooner)
Jane (Brig)
John (Schooner)
Julian (Schooner)
Merrimack (Ship)
Minerva (Schooner)
Ocean (Ship)
Polly (Schooner)
Sally (Brig)
Susan (Schooner)
Ships' papers
Andover (Mass.)
Newburyport (Mass.)
Salisbury (Mass.)


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Administrative Information


Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

James Locke (1762-1845) Papers, MSS 486, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.


This material was purchased on July 2, 1931.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Lee Jacoby, July 2015.

Related Material

Locke, Arthur H. A History and Genealogy of Captain John Locke (1627-1696) of Portsmouth and Rye, N.H. and his Descendants: also of Nathaniel Locke of Portsmouth, and a short account of the history of the Lockes in England. Concord, N.H.: Rumford Press, 1917.

Account book of James Locke, 1805-1808. MSS1220.1

Account book of James Locke, 1812-1813. MSS1220.3

Account book of James Locke, 1813-1814. MSS1220.2

Accounts of Morrill and Fowler, 1807-1808. MSS 0.105

Appendix I - Locke Family Tree

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