The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Locke, James, 1762-1845
James Locke (1762-1845)
2.75 Linear feet (3 boxes)
This collection contains papers
of James Locke, a merchant and innkeeper in Salisbury, Newburyport, and Andover,
SERIES I. Personal Papers SERIES II. Business Papers SERIES III. Shipping Papers
Scope and Content Note
This collection contains papers of James Locke, a merchant and innkeeper in
Salisbury, Newburyport, and Andover, Massachusetts. The papers include personal
correspondence, business records, legal documents, accounts and receipts, and
shipping papers. Also included are estate papers belonging to the Goodhue, Stickney,
Stone, and Upton families.
Series I. Personal Papers includes personal papers of
James Locke and his family. Box 1 Folders 1 and 2 contain correspondence from James
Odiorne Locke to his father and stepmother, and also one letter to his sister Mary.
The letters describe his adventures at sea from age 16 until shortly before his
death in 1840. Folder 3 contains letters to James Locke from others, including
several family members. Folder 4 contains two letters from James Locke.
Folder 5 contains papers pertaining to the estate of John Odiorne (1735-1788),
the first husband of James Locke's wife Tabitha. Folder 6 similarly contains estate
papers of Jonathan Dalton (died 1802), who was the first husband of Sally, James
Locke's second wife. Each folder includes inventories, legal papers and accounts.
The papers indicate that James Locke assumed guardianship of the minor children John
Odiorne (1784-1826) and John Dalton (1795-1830). Folder 7 includes wills and estate
papers of the Goodhue, Stickney, Stone, and Upton families, most or all of whom were
related to James Locke through marriage.
Series II. Business Papers includes business and
financial papers of James Locke and his associates. Most pertain to Locke's years as
a dry goods merchant and part-owner of ships sailing out of Newburyport. Other
papers deal with town affairs, particularly Andover. Among the accounts and receipts
are also records of school expenses, building construction and maintenance, and tax
receipts. Folder 12 contains a few news clippings and ephemera.
Series III. Shipping Papers includes bills of sale,
invoices, dispersements, accounts and receipts, cargo lists, charter agreements, and
other papers pertaining to 16 ships, several of which were owned in part by James
Locke. The largest sets of papers pertain to the schooners Hope and Dolly. They are arranged in
James Locke was born on November 14, 1762, in Seabrook,
New Hampshire, the son of Timothy and Lydia (Dow) Locke. He became a dry goods
merchant in Salisbury and Newburyport, Massachusetts. In 1817 he became the
proprietor of the Mansion House in Andover, Massachusetts, and in 1825 he
established the Locke Tavern, which still stands on Main Street in Andover. James
Locke was featured in Oliver Wendell Holmes' poem School
Boy. James Locke married Tabitha Edwards Odiorne in 1790 and they had
four children: David, Mary, James, and Hiram. Following Tabitha's death in 1802 he
married Sally Stickney Dalton in 1803. James Locke died on April 20, 1845 in
Relevant genealogical information can be found in Appendix I.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Dalton, John, d. 1802
Locke, James Odiorne, 1796-1840
Locke, James, 1762-1845
Lumbard, Barzilla, 1770-
Odiorne, John 1735-1788
Tappan, Amos, 1775-
Commodore Preble (Ship)
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
Locke, Arthur H. A History and Genealogy of Captain John
Locke (1627-1696) of Portsmouth and Rye, N.H. and his Descendants: also of
Nathaniel Locke of Portsmouth, and a short account of the history of the Lockes
in England. Concord, N.H.: Rumford Press, 1917.
Account book of James Locke, 1805-1808. MSS1220.1
Account book of James Locke, 1812-1813. MSS1220.3
Account book of James Locke, 1813-1814. MSS1220.2
Accounts of Morrill and Fowler, 1807-1808. MSS