Skip to main content



Independent Congregational Church in Barton Square, Salem, Mass (1824-1899) Records

Independent Congregational Church in Barton Square, Salem, Mass (1824-1899) Records

1 of 2
Open Finding Aid

INDEPENDENT CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN BARTON SQUARE, SALEM, MASS (1824-1899) RECORDS, 1824-1907





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Independent Congregational Church, in Barton Square (Salem, Mass.), (1824-1899)
Title:Independent Congregational Church in Barton Square, Salem, Mass (1824-1899) Records
Dates:1824/1907
Quantity:2 Linear feet (4 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Abstract:The Independent Congregational Church Records document the history of this Congregational church in Salem, Massachusetts.
Collection Number:MSS 302

Series List


SERIES I. Administrative Records
SERIES II. Financial Records
SERIES III. Club Records
SERIES IV. Miscellaneous Papers

Scope and Content Note

The Independent Congregational Church Records document the history of this Congregational church in Salem, Massachusetts. The records are divided into four series: Administrative Records, Financial Records, Club Records, and Miscellaneous Papers.


Series I. Administrative Records include two record books, 1824-1866 and 1866-1899. The record books include: a brief history of the church; the Act of Incorporation, January 25, 1825; regulations and bylaws, records of happenings in the church such as resignations and appointments of ministers; reports of meetings; special programs and newspaper clippings.


Series II. Financial Records consists of a treasurer's record book which documents pew rents and records of receipts and payments; a collector's book of assessment of taxes which lists pews by number, valuation, name of owner, yearly assessment of taxes on pews and remarks; and record book of pew taxes listed alphabetically by owners and years. Some miscellaneous financial records will also be found in Series IV.


Series III. Club Records include records of the Barton Square Club, the Barton Square Guild, and the Young People's Guild. These records document the purpose of the clubs, constitution, lists of members, minutes of meetings, programs, and newspaper clippings.


Series IV. Miscellaneous Papers are organized by year from 1824 to 1832, excepting the years 1829 and 1831 and include some legal papers, bills and receipts, pew taxes, insurance policy, correspondence, papers from the estate of Willard Peele, drawings, plans and elevation of the Chapel, 1824, and list of original proprietors, 1824.


Historical Note

In 1824, there were three Unitarian societies in Salem, Massachusetts: First Church, Second Church and North Church. Some First Church members withdrew from the society over a dispute regarding the appointment of a minister (some congregants wanted a minister that was Unitarian in theology and others wanted a minister that was Trinitarian in theology). The faction that wanted a Trinitarian minister erected a new church named The Independent Congregational Church. The cornerstone was laid on July 5, 1824 in Barton Square and the building opened for public worship on December 7, 1824 with Reverend Henry Colman as its first minister.


Pews were sold at auction or leased, and were taxed annually to meet expenses. Subsequent ministers were: James W. Thompson, 1832-1859; Augustus M. Haskell, 1862-1886; George Batchelor, 1866-1882; Benjamin F. McDaniel, 1992-1886; Frederick B. Mott, 1887-1891; and Alfred Manchester, 1893-1899.


On April 24, 1899 the Independent Congregational Church in Barton Square in Salem united with East Church Society in Salem and Second Church in Salem in one corporation to be called the Second Church in Salem. Services were held in the church at Washington Square (now the Salem Witch Museum) with Alfred Manchester elected Pastor. The Barton Square church building was transformed into a theater.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Peele, Willard, 1773-1835
Barton Square Club (Salem, Mass.)
Barton Square Guild (Salem, Mass.)
Church architecture--Designs and plans
Church buildings--Massachusetts--Salem
Church records and registers
Church societies--Massachusetts--Salem
Clubs--Massachusetts--Salem
Pews and pew rights
Unitarian churches--Massachusetts--Salem
Salem (Mass.)

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Independent Congregational Church in Barton Square, Salem, Mass (1824-1899) Records, MSS 302, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

Some of the material in this collection is from the estate of Willard Peele. The Collector's Record Book of Assessment of Taxes, 1862-1890 was a gift in June 1927. The Records of the Barton Square Club, 1869-1884 were deposited on February 26, 1916. The Drawings, Plans & Elevation of the Chapel, 1824 were purchased on January 26, 1923. Provenance of the rest of the collection is unknown.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Marion Clark, April 1998. Updated by Nicholas Long, May 2015.


Related Material


you wish to report:


...
Select the collections to add or remove from your search
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
 
OK