The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Endicott, Samuel, 1763-1828
Samuel Endicott (1763-1828)
1 linear foot (2 boxes, 1 flat file)
The Samuel Endicott papers
contain material from Samuel Endicott's time as a ship master, and later as a
merchant, in addition to papers from his children and extended family.
SERIES I. Samuel Endicott Business Papers
A. Ships' Papers
B. Correspondence and Accounts
SERIES II. Endicott Family Papers
A. Samuel Endicott Papers
B. William Putnam Endicott Papers
C. Elizabeth Endicott Perry Papers
Scope and Content Note
The Samuel Endicott papers contain material from Samuel Endicott's time as a ship
master, and later as a merchant, in addition to papers from his children and
extended family. This collection is made up of two series.
Series I. Samuel Endicott Business Papers contains
material from Samuel Endicott's time as a ship master, ship owner, and merchant.
Some of the papers in this series are addressed to or signed by Captain M.
Endicott—this refers to Charles Moses Endicott, as the materials are dated after the
death of his father, Moses Endicott (1767-1807). This series has been divided into
two subseries. Subseries A. Ships' Papers contains
individual ships' papers. The rest of the materials are addressed to or signed by
Samuel Endicott. Included in this subseries is correspondence about the building of
the ship Cincinnatus. Subseries B.
Correspondence and Accounts contains general correspondence about
Endicott's shipping and mercantile business, receipts, and insurance papers. The
correspondence to and from Captain Moses Endicott includes prices current.
Series II. Endicott Family Papers contains material
not directly related to Samuel Endicott's time as a ship master, in addition to
material from other members of the Endicott family. This series has been divided
into four subseries. Subseries A. Samuel Endicott Papers
contains bills and receipts for family and business related expenses, such as his
children's schooling. Subseries B. William Putnam Endicott
Papers contains deeds relating to his father in-law, Josiah French,
grandfather in-law, Benjamin French, and his wife's properties in Milford, New
Hampshire. There is also a folder with orders for William from his time in the army.
Subseries C. Elizabeth Endicott Perry Papers contains
correspondence to and from Elizabeth with her sisters Clarissa, Martha, and
Clarissa's husband George Peabody. Some of the letters have been transcribed,
although there is no information as to who did this or when. Included in this series
are obituaries for August Perry, Elizabeth's husband.
Subseries D. Other contains a folder of miscellaneous
materials about the Endicott family, including correspondence about Endicott family
papers. This subseries also contains halftone printing blocks which were used in
Samuel Endicott's (1763-1828) great grandson William Crowninshield Endicott's book,
Memoir of Samuel Endicott with a Genealogy of His
Descendants. These halftones are both continuous printing and relief
halftones. Photocopies of the original enclosures have been included with each
piece. The original wooden box in which the halftones were stored can be found on
the shelf with this collection.
Samuel Endicott was born on June 28, 1763 to John and
Martha (Putnam) Endicott of Danvers, Massachusetts. Samuel had eleven brothers and
sisters. The boys of the Endicott family received tutoring from an Englishman and
were taught English composition, geography, mathematics, and navigation. In 1779, at
the age of 16, Samuel went to sea for the first time, and became a prisoner in
England at Dartmoor prison during the American Revolutionary War. Upon being
released from prison at the end of the war, Samuel returned to the family's farm in
Danvers, Orchard Farm, but then returned to the sea with his brothers soon
In 1799 Samuel was sent to Hanover, Massachusetts, to oversee the building of a
new ship, Cincinnatus, for the firm Peabody and
Perkins, which he later commanded. He was also master on the schooner Sally, ship Mount Vernon,
schooner Two Brothers, and schooner Active. He was part owner of the brig De Witt Clinton, schooner Jeremiah, bark Patriot, schooner Rebecca, and ship Suffolk.
He was sole owner of the schooner Thomas. In 1805,
after retiring from the sea, he followed mercantile pursuits, becoming a ship owner
On May 18, 1794, Samuel married Elizabeth Putnam, the daughter of William and
Elizabeth Putnam. The couple lived on Orchard Farm until 1796, when Samuel purchased
a house at the westerly corner of Bridge and Winter Streets in Salem, where they
lived until 1816. In May 1816, he purchased a home at 359 Essex Street. Samuel and
Elizabeth had five children together: Samuel, Elizabeth (Eliza), Martha, William
Putnam, and Clarissa (Clara). Samuel died from illness in 1828.
John Endicott was born on January 13, 1765 to John
and Martha (Putnam) Endicott of Danvers, Massachusetts. Like his brother Samuel
(1763-1828), John was involved in shipping. During the War of 1812, John took an
active part in privateering. His first wife was Mary; his second wife was Fidelia
Kettelle. John died on November 29, 1834.
William Putnam Endicott was born on March 5, 1803,
the youngest son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Putnam) Endicott. He graduated from
Harvard College in 1822, and went to work in the counting room of Joseph Peabody in
Salem, where he remained for some years. William later went to sea commanding
several ships, making voyages to Russia, India, the West Indies, and South America.
In 1835 he became a member of the East India Marine Society and in 1844 he
represented Salem in the Great and General Courts.
On January 31, 1826 he married Mary Crowninshield, the daughter of Jacob and
Sarah (Gardner) Crowninshield. Only two of their four children lived through
childhood: William Crowninshield and Sarah Rogers. On March 12, 1838, Mary died. On
December 4, 1844 William married his second wife, Harriet French Peabody, the widow
of Joseph William Peabody, and the daughter of Josiah and Rebecca (Blanchard)
French. Harriet owned an estate in Milford, New Hampshire, where the family spent a
number of their summers. William died on March 11, 1888.
Elizabeth (Eliza) Endicott was born on April 28, 1797
to Samuel and Elizabeth (Putnam) Endicott. She married Augustus Perry on January 9,
1838. She died on February 6, 1866.
Clarissa (Clara) Endicott was born on December 16,
1807 to Samuel and Elizabeth (Putnam) Endicott. She married George Peabody on
September 5, 1827, and they had seven children together: Clara Endicott, George Jr.,
Joseph Augustus, Ellen, Eliza Endicott, Mary Crowninshield, and Fanny. Clara died on
April 18, 1892, a few months after her husband.
Martha Endicott was born on November 27, 1799 to
Samuel and Elizabeth (Putnam) Endicott. She married Francis Peabody on July 7, 1823,
and they had six children: Joseph, Samuel Endicott, Martha Endicott, Francis,
Elizabeth Putnam, and Francis Peabody. Martha died on March 12, 1891.
Charles Moses Endicott was born December 6, 1793 to
Moses (1767-1807) and Anna (Towne) Endicott. Moses was the brother of Samuel
Endicott (1763-1828). Charles appears to have worked as a supercargo on some of his
uncle's ships. He died on December 14, 1863.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Endicott, Charles Moses, 1793-1863
Endicott, John, 1765-1834
Endicott, Samuel, 1795-1828
Perry, Elizabeth Endicott, 1797-1866
Mt. Vernon (Ship)
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex