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Samuel Endicott (1763-1828) Papers

Samuel Endicott (1763-1828) Papers

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SAMUEL ENDICOTT (1763-1828) PAPERS, 1788-1860, 1936

Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Endicott, Samuel, 1763-1828
Title:Samuel Endicott (1763-1828) Papers
Dates:1788-1860, 1936
Quantity:1 linear foot (2 boxes, 1 flat file)
Abstract:The Samuel Endicott papers contain material from Samuel Endicott's time as a ship master, and later as a merchant, in addition to papers from his children and extended family.
Collection Number:MH 91

Series List

SERIES I. Samuel Endicott Business Papers
A. Ships' Papers
B. Correspondence and Accounts
SERIES II. Endicott Family Papers
A. Samuel Endicott Papers
B. William Putnam Endicott Papers
C. Elizabeth Endicott Perry Papers
D. Other

Scope and Content Note

The Samuel Endicott papers contain material from Samuel Endicott's time as a ship master, and later as a merchant, in addition to papers from his children and extended family. This collection is made up of two series.

Series I. Samuel Endicott Business Papers contains material from Samuel Endicott's time as a ship master, ship owner, and merchant. Some of the papers in this series are addressed to or signed by Captain M. Endicott—this refers to Charles Moses Endicott, as the materials are dated after the death of his father, Moses Endicott (1767-1807). This series has been divided into two subseries. Subseries A. Ships' Papers contains individual ships' papers. The rest of the materials are addressed to or signed by Samuel Endicott. Included in this subseries is correspondence about the building of the ship Cincinnatus. Subseries B. Correspondence and Accounts contains general correspondence about Endicott's shipping and mercantile business, receipts, and insurance papers. The correspondence to and from Captain Moses Endicott includes prices current.

Series II. Endicott Family Papers contains material not directly related to Samuel Endicott's time as a ship master, in addition to material from other members of the Endicott family. This series has been divided into four subseries. Subseries A. Samuel Endicott Papers contains bills and receipts for family and business related expenses, such as his children's schooling. Subseries B. William Putnam Endicott Papers contains deeds relating to his father in-law, Josiah French, grandfather in-law, Benjamin French, and his wife's properties in Milford, New Hampshire. There is also a folder with orders for William from his time in the army. Subseries C. Elizabeth Endicott Perry Papers contains correspondence to and from Elizabeth with her sisters Clarissa, Martha, and Clarissa's husband George Peabody. Some of the letters have been transcribed, although there is no information as to who did this or when. Included in this series are obituaries for August Perry, Elizabeth's husband.

Subseries D. Other contains a folder of miscellaneous materials about the Endicott family, including correspondence about Endicott family papers. This subseries also contains halftone printing blocks which were used in Samuel Endicott's (1763-1828) great grandson William Crowninshield Endicott's book, Memoir of Samuel Endicott with a Genealogy of His Descendants. These halftones are both continuous printing and relief halftones. Photocopies of the original enclosures have been included with each piece. The original wooden box in which the halftones were stored can be found on the shelf with this collection.

Biographical Sketches

Samuel Endicott was born on June 28, 1763 to John and Martha (Putnam) Endicott of Danvers, Massachusetts. Samuel had eleven brothers and sisters. The boys of the Endicott family received tutoring from an Englishman and were taught English composition, geography, mathematics, and navigation. In 1779, at the age of 16, Samuel went to sea for the first time, and became a prisoner in England at Dartmoor prison during the American Revolutionary War. Upon being released from prison at the end of the war, Samuel returned to the family's farm in Danvers, Orchard Farm, but then returned to the sea with his brothers soon after.

In 1799 Samuel was sent to Hanover, Massachusetts, to oversee the building of a new ship, Cincinnatus, for the firm Peabody and Perkins, which he later commanded. He was also master on the schooner Sally, ship Mount Vernon, schooner Two Brothers, and schooner Active. He was part owner of the brig De Witt Clinton, schooner Jeremiah, bark Patriot, schooner Rebecca, and ship Suffolk. He was sole owner of the schooner Thomas. In 1805, after retiring from the sea, he followed mercantile pursuits, becoming a ship owner and merchant.

On May 18, 1794, Samuel married Elizabeth Putnam, the daughter of William and Elizabeth Putnam. The couple lived on Orchard Farm until 1796, when Samuel purchased a house at the westerly corner of Bridge and Winter Streets in Salem, where they lived until 1816. In May 1816, he purchased a home at 359 Essex Street. Samuel and Elizabeth had five children together: Samuel, Elizabeth (Eliza), Martha, William Putnam, and Clarissa (Clara). Samuel died from illness in 1828.

John Endicott was born on January 13, 1765 to John and Martha (Putnam) Endicott of Danvers, Massachusetts. Like his brother Samuel (1763-1828), John was involved in shipping. During the War of 1812, John took an active part in privateering. His first wife was Mary; his second wife was Fidelia Kettelle. John died on November 29, 1834.

William Putnam Endicott was born on March 5, 1803, the youngest son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Putnam) Endicott. He graduated from Harvard College in 1822, and went to work in the counting room of Joseph Peabody in Salem, where he remained for some years. William later went to sea commanding several ships, making voyages to Russia, India, the West Indies, and South America. In 1835 he became a member of the East India Marine Society and in 1844 he represented Salem in the Great and General Courts.

On January 31, 1826 he married Mary Crowninshield, the daughter of Jacob and Sarah (Gardner) Crowninshield. Only two of their four children lived through childhood: William Crowninshield and Sarah Rogers. On March 12, 1838, Mary died. On December 4, 1844 William married his second wife, Harriet French Peabody, the widow of Joseph William Peabody, and the daughter of Josiah and Rebecca (Blanchard) French. Harriet owned an estate in Milford, New Hampshire, where the family spent a number of their summers. William died on March 11, 1888.

Elizabeth (Eliza) Endicott was born on April 28, 1797 to Samuel and Elizabeth (Putnam) Endicott. She married Augustus Perry on January 9, 1838. She died on February 6, 1866.

Clarissa (Clara) Endicott was born on December 16, 1807 to Samuel and Elizabeth (Putnam) Endicott. She married George Peabody on September 5, 1827, and they had seven children together: Clara Endicott, George Jr., Joseph Augustus, Ellen, Eliza Endicott, Mary Crowninshield, and Fanny. Clara died on April 18, 1892, a few months after her husband.

Martha Endicott was born on November 27, 1799 to Samuel and Elizabeth (Putnam) Endicott. She married Francis Peabody on July 7, 1823, and they had six children: Joseph, Samuel Endicott, Martha Endicott, Francis, Elizabeth Putnam, and Francis Peabody. Martha died on March 12, 1891.

Charles Moses Endicott was born December 6, 1793 to Moses (1767-1807) and Anna (Towne) Endicott. Moses was the brother of Samuel Endicott (1763-1828). Charles appears to have worked as a supercargo on some of his uncle's ships. He died on December 14, 1863.

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Endicott, Charles Moses, 1793-1863
Endicott, John, 1765-1834
Endicott, Samuel, 1795-1828
Perry, Elizabeth Endicott, 1797-1866
Bee (Brig)
Betsy (Ship)
Bonetta (Ship)
Caroline (Ship)
Cincinnatus (Ship)
Hanover (Ship)
Jeremiah (Brig)
Jeremiah (Schooner)
Mt. Vernon (Ship)
Patriot (Bark)
Rebecca (Brig)
Sally (Schooner)
Suffolk (Ship)
Salem (Mass.)


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Administrative Information


Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Samuel Endicott (1763-1828) Papers, MH 91, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.


This material was donated by William Crowninshield Endicott (accessions #8,142, 10,540, and 10,580). Materials of Samuel Endicott were removed from accession 87,031 and added to this collection.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Hilary Streifer, April 2015.

Related Material Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, 1620-1988 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2011. U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2012.

Endicott, William Crowninshield. Memoir of Samuel Endicott with a Genealogy of His Descendants. Boston: Privately Printed, 1924.

Ramsdell, George Allen and William P. Colburn. The History of Milford, Vol. 1. Milford, NH: Rumford Press, 1901.

Account book of Samuel Endicott, 1796-1827. MSS 1562.

Endicott Family Papers, 1638-1936. MSS 159.

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