The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Dudley, Thomas C.
Thomas C. Dudley Papers
0.5 linear feet (1 box)
The Thomas C. Dudley papers
contain five journals kept by Dudley during his time in the United States
Scope and Content Note
The Thomas C. Dudley papers contain five journals kept by Dudley during his time in
the United States Navy. Some of the journals have loose pieces of paper or page
markers in them. The first journal, which covers the first half of 1853, begins at
Norfolk, Virginia, and follows the frigate USS Powhatan
to the Bay of Cuni-sing-moon near Hong Kong. The second journal spans from September
1853 to October 1854. What is interesting about this second journal is that it was
bound as a journal, from letters that Dudley sent to himself in the states, after he
returned home from the expedition. This was done as a way for Dudley to get around
Perry's General Order Number One, which required all notes, journals, and drawings
to be kept or collected by the squadron and sent to the Navy Department in the
states. It is possible that the subsequent journals were assembled in the same
fashion; however, this is the only journal in which Dudley mentions this method.
There is a postscript at the end of this journal dated 1925, referring to the death
of an unidentified Japanese man. The third journal begins in October 1854 and ends
December 1855; sailing from the Yellow Sea to Cape Town, South Africa.
The fourth journal was kept simultaneously as the second and third journals, and
is a journal in the form of a newspaper. Calling it the The
Japan Gazette, Dudley "edited and published" this newspaper in 1854; it
is unclear if this paper was actually published. The Japan
Gazette includes illustrations and news items. Included with in the pages
of the volume was a loose manuscript describing an onshore excursion; this has been
removed from the volume but placed within the same folder.
The fifth journal begins January 1, 1856 and ends December 31, 1856. It follows
the frigate USS Powhatan from Cape Town, South Africa
back to Norfolk, Virginia. In it, Dudley journals his travels from Norfolk back to
his home in New York City. It should be noted that this volume appears to have been
rebound, and that the canvas cover sewn on to it appears to be from one of Dudley's
other journals (particularly volume 3), as it says October 12, 1854 on it.
Thomas Cockrane Dudley, from Yonkers, New York, was a
sailor in the United States Navy. He was attached to the United States expedition to
Japan on board the frigate USS Powhatan, under the
command of Captain McCluney, which was part of fleet under the command of Commodore
Matthew Perry. On board the Powatan he worked was a
purser's assistant. Dudley spent just over three years as a part of the expedition
to open Japan, returning to the United States in February 1856.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Powhatan (Side-wheel steamer)
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
Thomas C. Dudley Papers, MH 85, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem,
This material was purchased on December 8, 1970 (accession #19,487).
Collection processed by Hilary Streifer, April 2015.