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English/Touzel/Hathorne Papers

English/Touzel/Hathorne Papers

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ENGLISH/TOUZEL/HATHORNE PAPERS, 1661-1851

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Processing and conservation for this collection was funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:English, Philip, 1651-1736
Title:English/Touzel/Hathorne Papers
Dates:1661/1851
Quantity:12 linear feet (23 boxes, 40 volumes)
Abstract:The English/Touzel/Hathorne Papers contain shipping records of Philip English (1651-1736) and John Touzel (bp1687-1737); goldsmith and dry goods business records of John Touzel (1727-1785), John Hathorne (1748-1834), and Benjamin Herbert Hathorne (1773-1824); and personal and legal papers of various family members.
Collection Number:MSS 11

Series List


SERIES I. English Family Papers
A. Hollingsworth Family Papers
B. Philip English (1651-1736) Papers
C. Philip English Jr. (1684-1750) Papers
D. William English (1689/90-1715) and John English (died 1752) Papers
E. English Relatives' Papers
SERIES II. Touzel Family Papers
A. Captain John Touzel (bp 1687-1727) Papers
B. John Touzel (1727-1785) Papers
C. Cranch Family Papers
D. Thomas LeSibriel (died 1751) Papers
E. Mary Brown Estate Papers
SERIES III. Hathorne Family Papers
A. John Hathorne (bp1719-1750) and Susanna (Touzel) Hathorne (1722-1802) Papers
B. Col. John Hathorne (1749-1834) Papers
1. Shipping Papers
2. Goldsmith & Dry Goods Business Papers
3. Farm and Business Papers
4. Civic and Family Papers
C. Benjamin Herbert Hathorne (1773-1824) Papers
1. Dry Goods Business Papers
2. Benjamin Herbert Hathorne and William Hathorne Dry Goods Business Papers
3. Benjamin Herbert Hathorne and John Hathorne Dry Goods Business Papers
4. English Dry Goods Business Papers
5. Miscellaneous Business Papers
D. William Hathorne, John Hathorne Jr., and Ebenezer Hathorne Papers
E. Hathorne Relatives' Papers
F. Miscellaneous Papers

Scope and Content Note

The English/Touzel/Hathorne Papers contain shipping records of Philip English (1651-1736) and John Touzel (bp1687-1737); goldsmith and dry goods business records of John Touzel (1727-1785), John Hathorne (1748-1834), and Benjamin Herbert Hathorne (1773-1824); and personal and legal papers of various family members. They are divided into three series: English Family Papers, 1661-1811; Touzel Family Papers, 1682-1802; and Hathorne Family Papers, 1711-1851. The business and blood relationship between these families began with the marriage of Susanna English to John Touzel (bp 1687-1737), a mariner employed by her father, Philip English (1651-1736). Their daughters, Susanna and Mary, married John (bp 1719-1750) and William Hathorne. Col. John Hathorne (1748-1834), great-grandson of Philip English (1651-1736), inherited the family papers through the administration of his uncle John Touzel's (1727-1785) estate. Records that overlap two or more individuals in the collection have been placed with the individual who maintained those records. Records that transcend the English/Touzel/Hathorne series are noted in the scope and content notes.


Series I. English Family Papers, which range from 1661 to 1811, include the shipping, legal, and personal papers of Philip English (1651-1736) and his sons, William and John. In addition, there are manuscripts and account books for Philip Jr.'s (1684-1750) tavern business. The bulk of the series contains the shipping papers and accounts of Philip's (1651-1736) prosperous shipping business from 1664 to 1729. Ships sailed to the West Indies, Isle of Jersey, Bilboa, France, Maryland, Virginia, and Ireland carrying cargoes of fish and West Indies merchandise. Ships mastered by William sailed to the West Indies, Ireland, Canada, Surinam, and Connecticut. Contained within this series are additional papers from Holingsworth and English relatives.


Subseries A. Hollingsworth Family Papers consists of one folder of accounts, receipts, legal documents, and correspondence of William Holingsworth and his family from 1665 to 1690. The majority of the papers consists of receipts, accounts, and the property deed for the Blue Anchor Tavern. Also included here is a letter from William Jr. to his mother, Eleanor.


Subseries B. Philip English (1651-1736) Papers contains correspondence, account books, and ship's papers for vessels carrying cargo for, or owned by, Philip. The ships' papers (1683-1716) include bills of sale, invoices, correspondence, accounts, receipts, shipping orders, and depositions of ship damage and capture. Ships' papers for the sloop Mary and brig William & Susanna, ships owned by Philip but mastered by his son William, are located with William's papers. Papers for the sloop Sarah after 1722 are located with the John Touzel Ships' Papers. Of interest in the miscellaneous shipping papers is the translated French correspondence regarding business transacted for friends in the Isle of Jersey. Accounts and receipts include a 1683 constable account and collection orders for Philip and a 1704 account of goods received from the estate of George Curwen in reciprocation for Curwen's ransacking of the English house following their 1692 arrest. The six shipping account books record the debits and credits for Philip's customers and ships from 1664 to 1718. The volumes are not contiguous; they overlap by several years. Volumes 1, 4, and 6 contain alphabetical indexes of the customers and ships. The account book leaves are fragments and loose pages that correspond to existing or missing account books. The household inventory is not dated; it was, however, probably made before 1694, for Philip's son Ebenezer is not mentioned.


A portion of Philip English's real estate holdings is echoed in the folder of property deeds. The documents filed here not only relate to property bought by Philip but also to papers of individuals whose land was later sold to Philip. Hence former deeds, wills, and depositions of ownership for Benjamin Marston and Jacob Pudeator are filed here. Several transfers of land in this folder are worthy of note. A deed dated February 26, 1701/02 between James Menzie and Philip English is preceded by a February 25, 1701/02 deed between Menzie and Benjamin Marston. There is a 1697 deed for property bought by Philip in New York that he deeds to John Touzel in 1731. Filed with the deeds are a 1733 copy and a photocopy of the 1733 original deed of English land to the committee to build an Episcopal church.


Other legal concerns of Philip English are reflected in the folder of legal documents. These papers contain promissory notes, powers of attorney, court orders, indentures, and leases as well as three non-shipping letters. The two indentures that are written in French are accompanied by translations. Included in this folder are an estate receipt of Thomas Marston, for whom Philip was the administrator, and an account of the estate of Massenah Marston with a certificate of debt to Philip. The estate papers of Philip English include guardianship papers relating to his senility, a petition for the division of the estate of Mary (Holingsworth) English, and Susanna Ingersoll English's guardianship papers for her children by Samuel Ingersoll.


Subseries C. Philip English Jr. (1684-1750) Papers consists mainly of accounts, receipts, and account books for the Blue Anchor Tavern. The account books and leaves itemize the transactions of the tavern from 1718 to 1750. Of special interest is volume 13 that contains (in addition to the 1739-1750 tavern accounts) Philip Jr.'s miscellaneous accounts from 1708 to 1718. The folder of account book leaves contains a partial account book dated 1718/19-1720 as well as fragments of other account books.


The legal papers of Philip Jr. include indentures, property deeds, powers of attorney, promissory notes, and estate papers. Of note amongst these papers are the indentures of Thomas LeSibriel (1718/19) and Daniel LeSibriel (1731). As with Philip Sr., papers of individuals who bought and sold land with Philip Jr. are interfiled here. The estate papers contain a reference to Philip's wife's death in 1751. Included in this folder is correspondence concerning debts and Philip's dispute with John Touzel over the administration of Philip Sr.'s estate.


Subseries D. William English (1689/90-1715) and John English (died 1752) Papers contains primarily the shipping papers of five ships William mastered or on which he shipped cargo. These records include shipping orders, bills of lading, portledge bills, accounts, invoices, and correspondence. The sloop Mary and brig William & Susanna (both owned by Philip English Sr.) contain the bulk of the ships' papers, with only a few documents for the remaining ships. The remaining folder contains the receipts and accounts for William and John.


Subseries E. English Relatives' Papers consist of receipts for Philip English (1736-1813) and John English.


Series II. Touzel Family Papers are comprised of the records of Captain John Touzel (bp 1687-1737) and his son, John (1727-1785). Papers of Captain John include shipping, business, legal, and personal papers from 1687 to 1778. Ships mastered by John traveled to England, Spain, and the West Indies carrying cargoes of fish, iron, pitch, tar, molasses, and rum. Ranging from 1745 to 1802, the papers of John Touzel (1727-1785) contain his silversmith and farm businesses, legal, and personal papers. In addition, there are shipping, non-shipping, legal, and personal papers for John Cranch, Mary Cranch, Thomas LeSibriel, and Mary Browne.


Subseries A. Captain John Touzel (bp 1687-1727) Papers consist of ships' papers, correspondence, financial records, legal documents, and estate papers of John's shipping business and domestic concerns from 1687 to 1778. The ships' papers include bills of lading, bills of sale, sailing orders, portledge bills, invoices, cargo lists, crew lists, correspondence, a logbook (for the brig Endeavor), and various financial records of ships John owned or mastered. The correspondence and a bill of lading for the Anna Maria relate to John's arranging transfer and shipment of goods consigned to Martin Entley.


John's business correspondence pertains to both shipping and non-shipping concerns such as shipments of cargoes, conditions at ports, and petitions from several citizens of Jersey requesting assistance. Included is a 1734 letter appointing John "deputy waiter and searcher" for the Customs House of the Port of Salem.


The accounts, receipts, and account books of John reflect his shipping and non-shipping financial transactions from 1711 to 1737. A March 6, 1735/6 receipt of John's brother, Elier Touzel, has been included with John's own receipts. Volume 1 of the shipping account books contains a narrative of John's early voyages, predominantly from the George Galley. Portions of this volume are written in French. Manifests for the sloop Dolphin, schooner Seaflower, sloop Fisher, and invoices for the sloop Sarah are recorded in Volume 2.


Property deeds, powers of attorney, promissory notes, and court orders are included in John's legal documents. Enclosed here are also an extract of John's 1687 baptism and certificates for teaching credentials and attendance at church respectively. Several documents within this folder have information such as cargo accounts and milk scores written on the verso. Of special interest in this folder is the correspondence and legal papers between John and Philip English Jr. over the administration of Philip English Sr.'s estate. Corresponding documents can be found in the Philip English Jr. legal documents. Of interest in the estate papers of John are an inventory of his estate and Susanna (English) Touzel's will dated 1739.


With few exceptions, the family correspondence consists of letters to John from his brother, Hilary Touzel, which are written in French and accompanied by translations. The letters discuss major events in the lives of John's family and friends, business affairs Hilary was conducting for John, and refer to the inhabitants of Jersey who are indentured to John or other masters in Salem. In addition to letters from his brother, there are two letters written by John's sister Elizabeth regarding her son Pierre LeSibriel whom she indentured to John, and one letter, dated June 1, 1722, from John to his wife, Susanna.


Subseries B. John Touzel (1727-1785) Papers contains business correspondence, financial papers, and legal documents that reflect John's silversmith business, management of the family farm at Point of Rocks, and various business concerns. They range from 1745 to 1802.


The bulk of the miscellaneous business correspondence concerns Jersey affairs. The correspondence between Captain Ahier, Uncle Josue Aubin, and Cousin Philip Falle reveals the struggle over John's attempt to gain the revenues from his Jersey inheritance. Rent accounts for the inherited land and invoices of goods sent to Touzel as remittance accompany the correspondence. In addition, there are letters referring to the estate of Thomas LeSibriel, a 1754 constable request to levy taxes, and a letter from William Hathorne to John.


One folder and an account book concern the management of the farm at Point of Rocks from 1754 to 1802. The farm papers include milk scores, hay weighing fees, and accounts and receipts for farm items. Entries in the account book continue eleven years past John's death in 1785. Following the farm entries is an account, made by Col. John Hathorne, for the estate of his mother, Susanna (Touzel) Hathorne.


John's silversmith accounts and receipts list gold and silver items made or repaired. The majority of the loose account book leaves and fragments record additional silversmith business transactions.


The importance of the Episcopal Church in the lives of John and his sisters, Mary and Susanna, is represented by the folder of St. Peter's Church documents. These papers include pew taxes for the pew owned by John and his sisters, a certificate for John's membership in the Church of England, and a note of thanks for his gift of a silver cup. There are also papers relating to the Touzel and Hathorne legal right to the pew as heirs of Philip English Sr.


The legal documents include property deeds, promissory notes, and court orders. The versos of several documents have been used to record farming information such as milk scores and accounts. The estate papers include accounts, receipts, acknowledgments of inheritance, and a will dated 1785.


The last folder contains Touzel receipts that are undated and therefore cannot be identified as belonging to either Captain John (bp 1687-1737) or to his son, John (1727-1785).


Subseries C. Cranch Family Papers contain those papers retained by John's administration of the estate of his cousin Mary and her husband John Cranch. The Cranch Family Papers range from 1737 to 1771 and consist of shipping papers, correspondence, accounts, receipts, account books, and legal documents.


The John Cranch correspondence includes letters of instruction from Benjamin Landon (who owned several vessels mastered by John), letters to his brother Roger Cranch (who resided in England), and letters to his wife, Mary. The Mary Cranch correspondence contains letters from friends, relatives, and business associates. Among the correspondence are letters from John Lane, George Tilley, and her sister Abigail Browne. Letters from John Ross recount his sailing adventures and include a description of an engagement with a French privateer. The remaining correspondence consists of letters between John Touzel and Mary regarding John's role as an agent for Mary from 1756 to 1769 in the settlement of her Uncle Browne's estate.


Included in the financial papers of Mary Cranch are accounts, receipts, and account book leaves generated before her marriage in 1742, and therefore addressed to Mrs. Mary Browne. Contained within this folder are accounts and receipts for the settlement of Joseph Browne's estate, which lists other heirs besides Mary. The folder of four account books and loose leaves primarily contains accounts from the boarding house she managed.


Aside from the two promissory notes, a power of attorney for John Touzel, and a court summons, the legal papers of Mary Cranch are exclusively records generated by her estate.


Subseries D. Thomas LeSibriel (died 1751) Papers include estate and legal documents, shipping papers, receipts, accounts, and family correspondence. John Touzel was appointed an administrator to LeSibriel's American estate. His widow's residence in Jersey, England, could perhaps explain the breadth of papers retained by John.


Shipping papers include records of the schooner Propserity and the schooner Good Fortune. Papers for the schooner John, mastered by Thomas from 1733 to 1734, are located with the John Touzel Ship's Papers.


LeSibriel's miscellaneous business papers represent accounts, receipts, and business correspondence from 1729 to 1751. Of special interest in the correspondence is a letter from Thomas to Philip English Jr. requesting Philip to pay a debt for him.


The legal documents reflect not only Thomas's legal transactions but those of his extended family as well. A baptism record of Jeanne, Josue, and Marie LeSibriel, and an indenture of Daniel LeSibriel to David LeGallis are interfiled with a baptism certificate for Thomas's son, a property deed, and promissory notes. Legal documents for Philip English Jr. should be consulted for the indenture papers of Thomas and of Daniel. Additional references to the settlement of Thomas's estate can be found in the John Touzel miscellaneous business correspondence.


With the exception of one letter from Thomas's sister-in-law Elizabeth LeSibriel and one to his wife, the family correspondence of Thomas LeSibriel concerns letters written to him from his brother Eduoard. The seven years of correspondence (1732-1739) are written in French; most of the letters have accompanying translations.


Subseries E. Mary Brown Estate Papers contains the papers of Mary Brown whose estate John administered.


Series III. Hathorne Family Papers include the papers of Col. John Hathorne (1749-1834), his mother, Susanna (Touzel) Hathorne, and his sons, Benjamin Herbert, William, John, Jr., and Ebenezer. The bulk of the series is divided between the papers of Col. John, which range from 1760 to 1829, and Benjamin Herbert, ranging from 1788 to 1825. The papers of Col. John contain the records for his shipping, goldsmith, and dry goods businesses, farm, civic, and military papers, legal documents, and family correspondence. Ships that were owned, outfitted by, or carried cargo for John exported shoes, textiles, fish, grains, and produce to India, Baltimore, Virginia, and the West Indies. The majority of Benjamin Herbert's papers contain the records of his dry goods business, which operated from 1792 to 1824. Besides the business papers, there are legal papers and family correspondence. Additional papers of Hathorne relatives follow the business, legal, and personal papers of William, John Jr., and Ebenezer.


Subseries A. John Hathorne (bp 1719-1750) Papers consists of receipts from 1742 to 1747. The papers of his wife, Susanna (Touzel) Hathorne (1722-1802), extend from 1753 to 1802. Generated after the death of her husband, they include receipts, guardianship papers for her children, property deeds, legal notes for her will, and estate papers.


Subseries B. Col. John Hathorne (1749-1834) Papers center on his goldsmith, dry goods, and shipping businesses. Ranging from 1760 to 1829, these papers include receipts, accounts, ship's papers, and correspondence for the individual businesses. In addition, there are records reflecting his military career, involvement in Salem politics, and family life.


The shipping papers of John Hathorne incorporate all ship's papers, correspondence, and receipts for ships that were owned, outfitted by, or carried cargo for John. The bulk of the ship's papers were generated by the schooner Seaflower. The papers of the Seaflower have been arranged chronologically and segregated by shipmaster. They include bills of sale, shipping orders, accounts, receipts, invoices, insurance, impost bonds, crew list, correspondence, and a declaration of protest for the capture and recapture of the vessel. The remaining folder of ship's papers contains primarily invoices, receipts, and bonds for John's exportation of dry goods, fish, grains, and produce. Ship's papers for John's importation of dry goods are located in the dry goods business papers.


During the Revolutionary War, John purchased shares in the prize goods of numerous Salem privateers. An indirect method of supporting the war, the shares provided money for outfitting the privateers. The papers possessed by John include the legal transfer of shares and invoices of prize goods received from captured vessels. Of special interest is the list of prizes received from the Grand Turk.


Included with the shipping papers are the materials generated by Thomas Webb while John served as his attorney. The correspondence and business relationship between the two men with regards to shipping, account for its addition to this series. The papers range from 1797 to 1805 and reflect Webb's absence on voyages during this period. They include correspondence, invoices, receipts, and a power of attorney for John.


While the goldsmith and dry goods business papers range from 1768 to 1826, the bulk of the records are between 1783 and 1802. They include correspondence, accounts, receipts, a ledger, inventory of goods in the store, and ship's papers for cargo imported from England. The correspondence, primarily to and from the English merchant house Lane Son & Frazer, discusses seasonal orders and shipment of goods. Enclosed with the appropriate letters are bills of lading, invoices, accounts, and bills of exchange.


The receipts and accounts of the businesses comprise the bulk of the goldsmith and dry goods business papers. They are filed chronologically by year only and include receipts for goods purchased by John, sales slips, advertisements, request for goods, and accounts of goods bought and sold. Of special note are the entries made in Volume 4 for accounts with Samuel and Joseph McIntire.


Papers generated from the management of the farm span the years 1770 to 1828. They include business contracts, accounts, receipts, and account books. In addition, there are blueprints and dimensions for the construction and renovation of the farmhouse. The account books are mainly daybooks and therefore note business transactions as well as purchases. The one exception is the 1809 field book, which itemizes crops planted for that year.


The miscellaneous business correspondence primarily contains letters concerning petitions for assistance and settlement of debts by Arthur Dennis and John Piemont. Among the remaining materials are letters from a cousin, John McCutchen, referring to attempts to gain his inheritance, William Plummer, governor of New Hampshire, as well as bank business, receipts, and accounts.


All transactions with the Salem, Essex, and Merchant Banks have been placed in the banking business file. Located here are shares in stock, interest due notices, letters asking for payment on loans, a warrant to claim money owed, and a bankbook.


The large quantity of miscellaneous receipts and accounts of John Hathorne range from 1760 to 1829 and are filed chronologically by year only. All receipts of ambiguous origin have been placed here; therefore shipping and farm receipts may be interfiled. Of special interest are the Samuel McIntire receipts (Jan. 13, 1779, Sept. 24, 1779, Dec. 10, 1786) and a food and room bill for the Salem Hospital (Aug. 1798).


John's civic and military papers reflect his role as selectman, representative, committee member, and lieutenant colonel of the militia. His political records include petitions, announcements, a list of subscribers for the sufferers in the Portsmouth fire, and a pamphlet evaluating religious societies. In addition, there is correspondence and assignments to the fire wardens and rules of the Salem-Danvers Aqueduct. John's military papers, which range from 1788 to 1796, include orders, notices of musters, medical excuses, accounts of expenses, resignation of an officer, and fines for non-attendance.


Hathorne's legal documents range from 1774 to 1824. They include property deeds, promissory notes, powers of attorney, indentures, leases, and an undated copy of John's will. In addition, there are estate papers of Mary Norris. These papers include court summonses for the contestment of her will, an inventory of stocks inherited by the Hathorne family, and an account of expenses.


All correspondence between John and his children that does not involve business affairs has been filed with family correspondence. The letters from John Jr., Benjamin Herbert, and Sarah were written primarily during their childhood and as young adults. Correspondence from Ebenezer to his father and siblings is located with his papers. Of particular interest are the letters from John Jr. written in 1801 during his visit to England that relate the political situation in England and Holland. In addition to the correspondence, this folder contains childhood poetry by Benjamin Herbert, Ellen, and Ebenezer, and a workbook of John Jr.'s. There is also a list of books in John's personal library. The family receipts range from 1776 to 1823. They include bills for the schooling of the children, doctors' receipts, and fees for dancing instruction.


Subseries C. Benjamin Herbert Hathorne (1773-1824) Papers range from 1788 to 1825. They include his dry goods business records, miscellaneous business papers, legal documents, and family papers.


The dry goods business records span the years 1794 to 1825. The records generated from the Salem and Boston stores include correspondence, account books, letterbooks, invoices, inventories, and receipts. They depict the evolution of the business from retailing domestic and India fabrics to English dry goods. Of particular interest is the merchant house correspondence. Filed in alphabetical order by firm name, this correspondence reveals the process of ordering and shipping goods to America. Letters to the distributing houses from Benjamin Herbert with the seasonal order contain sample fabrics. The corresponding letterbook, Volume 19, also includes sample textiles. Correspondence from several distributing firms (particularly Ingham & Smith and Aaron Stone) includes circulars on European market conditions. Correspondence by the distributors also refers to the War of 1812's effect on their ability to transport goods from England to America. Following each letter are the bills of lading, invoices, and shipping charges for the cargo mentioned in that letter. The Invoice and Stock Inventory, 1801-1805 (Volume 25), lists goods exported by Benjamin Herbert to the West Indies, North Carolina, and the Isle of France as well as textiles imported from England. The clothing receipts are arranged by year only and, although they range from 1810 to 1824, there is a three-year gap between 1812 and 1816. A folder of accounts, dividends, and inventory mark the bankruptcy of William's dry goods store and Benjamin's role in settling the debts.


The miscellaneous business papers include records for the construction and leasing of a series of buildings owned by Benjamin and William S. Gray, underwriting for shipping ventures from 1814 to 1823, and bankbooks for the Essex and Salem Banks from 1806 to 1817.


The legal and family papers contain promissory notes, powers of attorney, estate papers, miscellaneous receipts and accounts, and family correspondence. Ranging from 1788 to 1824, the receipts and accounts include pew and state taxes, rent receipts, hotel bills (with the exception of the 1810 visit to England), fines for non-attendance at musters, and domestic purchases.


Benjamin Herbert's family correspondence includes letters to his father and letters from his sisters and brothers-in-law. Worthy of note is the July 1799 letter to his parents announcing his marriage to Rebecca Hall, and the correspondence from Ellen and Adam Bailey that accuses Benjamin of cheating his brother William. Correspondence from his sister Elizabeth Ranney and her husband describes military events in the War of 1812 and the frontier life in Indiana.


Subseries D. William Hathorne, John Hathorne Jr., and Ebenezer Hathorne Papers range from 1796 to 1827 and contain predominantly shipping and clothing receipts. There are also requests for goods from the dry goods store, papers for fire insurance on a building, and insurance for the brig Naiad.


The majority of John Hathorne Jr.'s (1775-1829) papers consist of correspondence with his father regarding business, letters from friends, and petitions for appointment on the Essex Register. There is also an 1803 letter from Jacob Crowninshield that discusses the House of Representatives' acceptance of the Twelfth Amendment to the constitution. In addition, there are bank notes and estate receipts.


The papers of Ebenezer Hathorne contain correspondence and miscellaneous receipts from 1801 to 1851. Included in the correspondence are letters to and from his family while he attended Phillips Academy and while he served as a midshipman in the Navy. Additional Navy papers include requests for transfer to the Cheaspeake, for a furlough, and his resignation. There is also an 1851 letter to the mayor of Salem requesting the fulfillment of a contract made with Philip English for the maintenance of a stone wall (the May 10, 1731 contract is located in box 1, folder 7).


Subseries E. Hathorne Relatives' Papers is comprised of the records of Benjamin Herbert (1709-1761), Samuel Ingersoll, and various Hathorne relations. Benjamin Herbert's papers include a letter, crew list for the sloop Four Brothers, and an account for the guardianship of his children. Shipping papers and receipts, especially for the schooner Peacock, dominate the records of Samuel Ingersoll. In addition, there are his estate papers. Additional papers include a portledge bill from the brig Adventure (Ebenezer Hathorne, master), an account of the brig Friendship (Joseph Hathorne, master), shipping papers of Captain John Hathorne, and receipts of William Hathorne (1716-1794). In addition, there is an 1812 E. A. Holyoke receipt to Rachel Hathorne, and a poem about Captain Daniel Hawthorne.


Subseries F. Miscellaneous Papers contain unidentifiable English/Touzel/Hathorne documents or extraneous material to the collection. The miscellaneous shipping papers include a crew list for the brig Friendship as well as invoices, correspondence, and partial logbook entries. Contained within the miscellaneous correspondence and poetry are several letters to Joshua Ward & Co. The miscellaneous legal papers include property deeds, indentures, leases, John Orne's will, an inventory of Ezra Burril's estate, and a series of promissory notes to Cornelius Bartlett.


Biographical Sketches


SERIES I. ENGLISH FAMILY PAPERS, 1661-1811


Philip English (1651-1736) was one of the foremost shipping merchants in seventeenth-century Salem, Massachusetts. Born in Jersey, England, to Jean L'Anglois, Philip had immigrated to Salem by 1670. He resided in Salem with William and Eleanor Holingsworth and in 1675 married their only surviving daughter, Mary. Philip's shipping career prospered between the years 1676 and 1692, with his ships engaged in trade with the West Indies, Isle of Jersey, Bilboa, France, Maryland, Virginia, and Ireland. In addition to shipping cargoes of fish and goods from the West Indies, Philip also brought many indentured servants to America from Europe. Philip's service to the town of Salem during these years included serving as a constable in 1683 and as a selectman in 1692. At the height of his prosperity, in 1692, Philip owned fourteen houses, twenty-one vessels, a warehouse, and a wharf.


Wealth and prominence did not shelter the English family from the witchcraft hysteria. On April 21, 1692, Philip's wife, Mary, was arrested for being a witch. Soon after, Philip was also apprehended. After a brief stay at the Salem jail, they were transferred to Boston to await their trial. On the eve of the trial, Philip and Mary escaped to New York where they resided until the witchcraft hysteria subsided. In 1693, they returned to Salem, but Mary died a year after their return. Philip resumed his shipping business, trading goods until 1733/1734, although he no longer mastered his own ships. From 1700 to 1716, Philip was active in town government serving as Deputy to the General Court in 1700 and four times as a selectman. He zealously fought for the establishment of an Episcopal church in Salem. When, in 1734, St. Peter's Church was established, Philip and his family donated the land for the building. In 1735, a "cloudness of the mind" caused Philip to be placed under guardianship. He died the following year. By his first wife, Mary, Philip had five children: Mary, who married William Browne, William, Philip Jr., Susannah, who married John Touzel, and Ebenezer. One son, John, resulted from his second marriage in 1698 to Sarah Ingersoll.


Philip English Jr., the eldest son of Philip Sr. and Mary (Holingsworth) English, was born in 1684. Before taking over the management of the Blue Anchor Tavern in 1718 (an inheritance from his maternal grandmother), Philip mastered his father's sloop Sarah. Philip Jr. managed the tavern until 1748 and continued to own partial shares of merchant vessels. He died in 1750, predeceasing his wife Mary (Ellis) English by a year.


William English, born in 1689/90, was the fourth child of Philip and Mary (Holingsworth) English. A mariner like his father, he was master of several of his father's ships until his death, at the age of twenty-five, in 1715. William's ships traveled to the West Indies, Ireland, Surinam, Canada, and Connecticut.


John English (died 1752) was the only son of Philip by his second marriage to Sarah (Marsh) Ingersoll, widow of Samuel Ingersoll. John followed his father and brother to the sea. In 1731, he married Hannah Swasey, whose father, John, had mastered several of Philip Sr.'s ships.


Philip English (1736-1813) was a great-great-nephew of Philip English (1651-1736). His father, John, and Aunt Jane had been brought to America by their great-uncle Philip (1651-1736). Philip was originally trained as a shoemaker. He served as a sexton of the East Church from 1765 to 1803.


SERIES II. TOUZEL FAMILY PAPERS, 1682-1802


Captain John Touzel (bp 1687-1737) was the son of Hilary and Judith (LeSibriel) Touzel. A native of the Isle of Jersey, John left a position as a teacher to immigrate to Salem in 1711. There, he began a new career as a mariner. Ships that John mastered, or which carried his cargo, traveled to England, Spain, and the West Indies. John also assisted his father-in-law, Philip English (1651-1736) in Philip's merchant business by handling cargo and commanding the sloop Sarah. By 1732, John owned his own vessel, the schooner John, which Thomas LeSibriel mastered. In 1734, John was appointed "deputy waiter and searcher" for the Customs House of the Port of Salem. In 1720, he married Susanna English by whom he had three children: Mary, who married William Hathorne (1716-1794), Susanna, who married John Hathorne (bp 1719-1750), and John (1727-1785).


John Touzel (1727-1785) was the only son of John (bp 1687-1737) and Susanna (English) Touzel. In addition to his silversmith business, John also managed the family farm at Point of Rocks on Salem Neck. He served the town of Salem as a constable in 1754. John remained a bachelor all his life; with his death in 1785, the Touzel name died out in Salem. His estate, which was administered by his nephew John Hathorne (1748-1834), was bequeathed to his numerous Hathorne relatives.


Mary (Browne) Cranch (1709/10-1769) was the daughter of William and Mary (English) Browne and the granddaughter of Philip English (1651-1736). She moved from Salem to Boston sometime before 1737. In 1742, Mary married mariner John Cranch. John mastered vessels that traveled to London, Holland, and South Carolina. From 1744 to 1769, during John's absence from home, and after his death, Mary managed a boarding house in Boston. Mary died in 1769.


Thomas LeSibriel (died 1751) was a native of the Isle of Jersey. In 1718/19, he apprenticed himself to Philip English Jr. (1684-1750) for six years to become a mariner. Having completed his training, Thomas embarked on his career primarily sailing fishing vessels along the North American coast. Among the ships he mastered was John Touzel's (bp1687-1737) schooner John. In 1734, Thomas bought half of the schooner Prosperity. LeSibriel died in 1751, leaving a wife and two children residing in Jersey, England. Thomas may have been related to Captain John Touzel's mother, who was a LeSibriel.


SERIES III. HATHORNE FAMILY PAPERS


Col. John Hathorne (1749-1834) was the son of John (bp 1719-1750) and Susanna (Touzel) Hathorne. John pursued several occupations during his lifetime, starting with a goldsmith business in 1768. Although he continued to maintain his goldsmith business, his dry goods business gradually supplanted the former. John also had a small shipping business. In addition to the schooner Seaflower, which he owned initially with Ingersoll and Vincent and after 1799 alone, John assisted with the outfitting of several ships, including the Dolphin. The majority of the ships carried cargoes of shoes, fish, and textile goods to India, Baltimore, Virginia, and the West Indies. By 1783, John had entered into trade with London merchant houses (primarily Lane Son & Frazer) for importation of English textiles.


John was active in Salem government from 1787 to 1810. He served as a selectman, representative to the General Court, and state representative. In addition, he was on several committees, including the Committee for Donation to the Fire at Portsmouth and Committee on Religious Societies. In 1798, John captained the Alert Station Fire Engine. Although John never fought in the Revolutionary War, he did command the 1st Regiment 1st Brigade 2nd Division Militia of Massachusetts from 1788 to 1796. During the revolution he purchased numerous shares in prize goods of privateers.


By 1810, John gave up his clothing business and retired to the family farm, Point of Rocks. Around the time of his retirement, he remodeled and renovated the farmhouse. He appears to have led a life of quiet retirement managing the farm and giving financial assistance to his children. John died three months after his wife, Susanna (Herbert) Hathorne. They had eight children: Benjamin Herbert, John Jr., William, Ebenezer, Elizabeth, Eleanor, Sarah, and Catherine.


Benjamin Herbert Hathorne (1773-1824) was the eldest son of Col. John and Susanna (Herbert) Hathorne. Benjamin maintained a dry goods business in Boston and Salem from 1794 to 1824. While he originally established his business in Salem, during the partnership with his brother William (1798-99) Benjamin moved to Boston to open additional stores. He continued to run the Boston shops even after the partnership had dissolved in 1799. In 1801, he again entered into a partnership with a brother, this time John, Jr. Although initially John ran the Salem business and Benjamin the Boston shops, by 1804 they had closed the Boston stores and were conducting business only in Salem. By 1806, Benjamin was no longer operating a general dry goods business but was specializing in English textiles. His importation of English dry goods continued unhampered by the political situation between England and the United States. When William's dry goods business failed in 1816, Benjamin assisted his brother by purchasing the majority of the store's stock.


Shortly after Benjamin's move to Boston in 1799, he married Rebecca Hall. They resided there until 1804 when they returned to Salem. A wealthy merchant by this time, Benjamin built, with William S. Gray, a series of stores and houses on Essex Street. Additional investments entailed the underwriting of numerous shipping ventures. Benjamin died in 1824 at the age of 51. His estate was administered by Joshua Ward.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Brown, Mary
Cranch, John, d. 1750
Cranch, Mary Browne, 1709 or 1710-1769
English, Philip, 1651-1736
English, Philip, 1684-1750
English, Philip, 1736-1813
English, William, 1689 or 1690-1715
Gould, Richard
Gray, William S.
Hathorne, Benjamin Herbert
Hathorne, Ebenezer, 1789-1858
Hathorne, John, 1749-1834
Hathorne, John, 1775-1829
Hathorne, Susanna Touzell
Hathorne, William, 1777-
Herbert, Benjamin
Hollinsworth, Eleanor
Ingersoll, Samuel
LeSibriel, Thomas, -1751
Marston, Benjamin
Norris, Mary
Pudeator, Jacob
Ranney, Stephen
Reid, Matthew
Touzel, John, 1687-1737
Touzel, John, 1727-1785
Webb, Thomas
Williams, Samuel, 1743-1817
Abram Rhoades & Company
Amelia (Brig)
Blue Anchor Tavern (Salem, Mass.)
Endeavor (Brig)
Essex Bank (Salem, Mass.)
Gray and Hathorne
Ingham & Smith
John (Schooner)
Joshua Ward & Company
Lane Son & Frazier
Mary (Sloop)
Molly (Snow)
Peacock (Schooner)
Sarah (Sloop)
Seaflower (Schooner)
William & Susanna (Brig)
Account books
Account books--Dry-goods
Account books--Farms
Account books--Fish and fishing industry
Account books--Goldsmiths
Account books--Hotels, taverns, etc.
Account books--Merchants--Salem (Mass.)
Account books--Textile fabrics
Account books--Women
Agriculture--Massachusetts--Essex County
Bankruptcy
Bars (Drinking establishments)
Boardinghouses
Buildings--renovations
Deeds
Farms
Fisheries
Frontier and pioneer life
Goldsmiths
Guardian and ward
Hotels
Insurance
Inventories
Investments
Local government
Merchants
Privateering
Shipping
Shipping--Canada
Shipping--Connecticut
Shipping--England
Shipping--Ireland
Shipping--Maryland--Baltimore
Shipping--North Carolina
Shipping--Spain--Bilboa
Shipping--Surinam
Shipping--Virginia
Ships--Cargo--Footwear
Silversmiths
Taverns (Inns)
Textile industry
Boston (Mass.)
Essex County--Children
Indiana
Salem (Mass.)
Salem (Mass.)--Churches
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
United States--History--War of 1812

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

English/Touzel/Hathorne Papers, MSS 11, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This collection is a synthesis of 20 scrapbook volumes, 75 account books and pamphlets, and several miscellaneous folders of English, Touzel, and Hathorne family papers. Integration of these records was made on the basis of the business and blood relationship between the three families and internal evidence that the papers were originally together. While the majority of the collection is from an unknown source, E. H. Bailey and Edward Cheever each donated several documents in the Touzel Family Papers. All loose manuscripts have their original location marked on the back of each item.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Prudence K. Backman, May 1981. Retyped by Jane E. Ward, October 2000. Updated by Catherine Robertson and Tamara Gaydos, March 2015.


Related Material

Cheever, George. "A Sketch of Philip English," Essex Institute Historical Collections, vol. 1 (1859): 157-181.


Loggins, Vernon. The Hawthornes. New York: Columbia University Press, 1951.


Perley, Sidney. Salem in 1700 (Extracts from the Essex Antiquarian, 1898-1910, vols. 2-13).

Appendix III

Appendix IV

Appendix V


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