Processing and conservation of this collection
was funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.
The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Endicott Family Papers
3 linear feet (6 boxes)
The Endicott Family Papers
record the activities of four generations of a family which settled in Windsor,
Vermont, Danvers, Massachusetts, and Salem, Massachusetts.
SERIES I. Charles Moses Endicott Family Papers SERIES II. Elias and Mary Endicott Papers SERIES III. Family Papers SERIES IV. Miscellaneous Papers
Scope and Content Note
The Endicott Family Papers record the activities of four generations of a family
which settled in Windsor, Vermont, Danvers, Massachusetts, and Salem, Massachusetts.
The collection includes shipping, business, and personal papers of many other family
members. The collection is divided into four series.
Series I. Charles Moses Endicott (1793-1863) Family
Papers, 1794-1886, contains correspondence and financial papers of
Charles, his wife Sarah (Blythe), and members of Sarah's family. Charles' and
Sarah's papers are almost entirely of a personal nature. The only documents relating
to Charles' shipping careers are a few accounts and memorandums. Charles' 23-year
employment with the Salem Bank is not documented in these papers. Charles' and
Sarah's correspondence includes letters received and letters written to Sarah's
mother, Sarah Ingersoll. The bulk of the correspondence reports on family and
friends, including the movements of Sarah's brother-in-law, Captain Philemon Putnam,
while he was at sea, and the death of her sister Lucy in 1839. The correspondence
also contains a few letters regarding Charles' memoir of Governor John Endicott and
other genealogies upon which he worked. Of interest is a letter from Jonathan I.
Bowditch who describes the burning of his house in Boston in 1857 and mentions the
articles which were saved from the fire.
The bulk of Charles' bills and receipts are personal or household. Included
however are two 1848 receipts for the East India Marine Society, of which he was
president, a bill for the 1845 painted copy of Governor John Endicott's portrait,
and receipts for the printing and binding of his "Memoir of John Endicott."
The correspondence of Jonathan Ingersoll, Sarah's stepfather, contains letters
regarding his shipping concerns and his sheep farm, as well as personal letters from
his son George, and grandchildren Henry I. and Nathaniel I. Bowditch, and Mary
The personal correspondence of Lucy (Blythe) and Philemon Putnam includes
correspondence with their mother Sarah Ingersoll and their sister Sarah R. Endicott.
Additional passages written by Lucy may be found appended to letters written by
Sarah and Charles Endicott.
The family papers include correspondence and accounts of Charles' and Sarah's
sons, Charles Edward and Ingersoll Bowditch, and a few estate receipts of Sarah
Series II. Elias and Mary Endicott Papers covers the
years 1792 to 1871. The family genealogical register lists three generations,
beginning with Elias. Elias' account books provide a glimpse at the thriving shoe
and leather working business which he operated in Danvers, Massachusetts. His bills
and receipts include both personal and leather working accounts. Mary's diary,
1816-1871, describes the thoughts of a woman growing up on the family farm in
Danvers. There are oftentimes spaces of weeks or months between entries. Mary tends
not to recount daily activities. Being of a depressed nature, she writes primarily
with a religious bent, discussing the deaths of family, friends, and neighbors. She
includes also the murder of Salem resident Joseph White in 1830, the suicide of
Richard Crowninshield, and the trials and executions of the Knapp brothers. Also of
interest is the theory, garnered from Mary's diary entries, that she was in love
with her brother-in-law Alfred Porter (see Frank C. Damon's introductory essay on
the diary in box 4 folder 7). Researchers are requested to use the typescript of the
Series III. Family Papers, 1638-1936, covers a wide
variety of individuals. Nathan Endicott's (1790-1858) shipping letterbook reflects
his career as a shipping merchant trading with London, Leningrad, and St. Thomas.
Samuel Endicott Jr.'s (1795-1828) shipping account book contains accounts with
Joseph and Joseph A. Peabody, and accounts of the ships Catherine and Augustus' voyages to Antwerp,
Hamburg, Leningrad, Helsingor, Marseilles, Djakarta, Havana, and Charleston, South
William Crowninshield Endicott's (1826-1900) papers contain correspondence and
accounts documenting his roles as attorney and Secretary of War. His correspondence
includes letters written as Secretary of War concerning Crow Indians. William's
account books contain guardianship, trustee's or attorney's accounts for Dudley P.,
George W., and Eliza P. Rogers, J. Watson Andrews, Charles Endicott, and Jacob C.
The miscellaneous family papers include correspondence and financial papers of
Samuel, Robert, Henry, John, George W., E.M., Lewis, William P., and William
Crowninshield Endicott Jr. William Crowninshield Endicott Jr.'s letters include
various historical memorials and celebrations, and his resignation of the Essex
Institute presidency. Of note are legal documents of Governor John Endecott: a copy
of a 1638 agreement and an original notarized agreement of 1653.
Series IV. Miscellaneous Papers, 1816-1909, includes
lists of Salem men over age 70 for the years 1816 and 1822, correspondence to T.H.
Perkins of Boston regarding wool, an 1833 surgeon's certificate for a seaman
admitted to a Gibraltar hospital, and an essay on Colonel Leslie's retreat in
Charles Moses Endicott (1793-1863) was originally named Moses Endicott. Endicott was a
Salem East India shipmaster and merchant and received his preliminary shipping
education in the offices of his uncle Samuel Endicott (1763-1828) of Salem and
William Ropes of Boston. Endicott acted as a supercargo of the brig George Little and ship Herald from 1812 to 1818. He sailed as master of the brig Malay, ship Endeavor, and
ship Friendship from 1818 to circa 1831. He was
employed as clerk of the Salem Bank from 1835 to 1858. Endicott was president of the
East India Marine Society. His historical interests prompted him to write works and
articles such as his memoir of Governor John Endecott, genealogies of the Endicott,
Peabody, and Osgood families, and an account of the 1831 plundering of the ship
Friendship by Sumatran natives.
Elias Endicott (1767-1848) operated a prosperous shoe
and leather working business in Danvers, Massachusetts.
Mary Endicott (1800-1877) was the daughter of Elias
Endicott (1767-1848). Mary lived on the family's farm in Danvers all her life. She
was prone to physical ailments and mental depression.
Nathan Endicott (1790-1858) was the brother of
Charles Moses Endicott. Nathan was a Salem shipping merchant trading with the West
Indies and Europe.
Samuel Endicott Jr. (1795-1828) was the cousin of
Charles Moses and Nathan Endicott. He acted as an agent or supercargo for a number
of Peabody family vessels, including the ship Catherine
and ship Augustus.
Sarah Rolland (Blythe) Endicott was the wife of
Charles Moses Endicott. She was originally from Windsor, Vermont.
William Crowninshield Endicott (1826-1900) was a
Salem attorney and Supreme Court Justice of Massachusetts from 1873-1883. He became
Secretary of War in 1885.
William Crowninshield Endicott Jr. (1860-1936) was
the son of William Crowninshield Endicott (1826-1900) and served as President of the
Essex Institute from which he resigned in 1925.
Jonathan Ingersoll (d. 1840) was Sarah R. Endicott's
stepfather, his third wife being Sarah, the widow of Sarah Endicott's father Samuel
Blythe. He was a resident of Windsor, Vermont. Ingersoll was a shipping merchant and
owner of a sheep farm. The daughter of his first marriage, Mary Ingersoll, married
Lucy (Blythe) Putnam was Sarah R. Endicott's sister
and wife of shipping merchant Philemon Putnam of Danvers and Salem,
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Andrews, J. Watson
Bowditch, Jonathan Ingersoll, 1806-1889
Bowditch, N. I. (Nathaniel Ingersoll), 1805-1861
Crowninshield, Richard, 1774-1844
Endecott, John, 1588?-1665
Endicott, Charles Edward b. 1832
Endicott, Charles Moses, 1793-1863
Endicott, Elias, 1767-1848
Endicott, Ingersoll Bowditch, b. 1835
Endicott, Mary, 1800-1877
Endicott, Nathan, 1790-1858
Endicott, Samuel, 1795-1828
Endicott, Sarah Rolland Blythe
Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1826-1900
Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1860-1936
Ingersoll, Jonathan, d. 1840
Ingersoll, Sarah Blythe
Peabody, Joseph A.
Peabody, Joseph, 1757-1844
Perkins, Thomas Handasyd, 1764-1854
Porter, Alfred, 1792-182
Putnam, Lucy Blythe, d. 1839
Rogers, Dudley P.
Rogers, Eliza P.
Rogers, George W.
Rogers, Jacob C.
Banks and banking
Boots and shoes--Trade and manufacture
East India Marine Society
Guardian and ward
Indians of North America
Leather industry and trade
Leslie's Retreat, 1775
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
The Endicott Family Papers are a reintegration and reorganization of 9 account books,
1 diary, 1 letterbook, 3 scrapbook volumes, and several miscellaneous folders of
manuscript material. The bulk of the collection is from an unknown source. A number
of gifts, however, have been integrated into the papers. These include: a 1653
document signed by Governor John Endecott, given by William C. Waters in 1951;
letters from William C. Endicott, the gift of Mrs. Alfred Manchester; and William C.
Endicott's guardianship account book for the Rogers family, donated by William B.
Rogers and Mrs. William C. Endicott in 1941.
Collection processed by Sylvia B. Kennick, December 1984. Updated by Catherine
Robertson, March 2015.
Endicott, Charles Moses. Memoir of John Endicott, First
Governor of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay. Salem, 1847.
Endicott, Charles Moses. Sailing directions for the pepper ports on the West
Coast of Sumatra: From Pulo Riah to
Sinkel. Salem, Mass.: Whipple & Lawrence,
Endicott, William. Wrecked Among Cannibals in the Fijis: a
Narrative of Shipwreck & Adventure in the South Seas. Salem, Mass.:
Marine Research Society, 1923.
Endicott, William Crowninshield. John Endicott and John
Winthrop: Address at the Tercentary Banquet at Salem June 12, 1930, to
Commemorate the Arrival of Governor Winthrop with the Charter. Boston:
[Thos. Todd Co.], 1930.
Endicott, William Crowninshield. Memoir of Samuel Endicott. Boston Mass.,
Jacobs, Mrs. Andrew. A Sketch of Captain Timothy
Endicott. Brooklyn, New York, 1893.
""The Last of the Endicotts": the Story of a Farm and Family Whose History, from
Generation to Generation is Closely Entwined with Official History of Old and New
New England." Boston Sunday Herald. Boston Mass., Dec.
Samuel and Eliza Endicott Papers, 1790-1860, MH
The Endicott Family Papers record the activities of four generations of a family which settled in Windsor, Vermont, Danvers, Massachusetts, and Salem, Massachusetts.
Catherine (Ship); Augustus (Ship); Danvers (Mass.); Salem (Mass.); Windsor (Vt.); Andrews, J. Watson; Bowditch, Jonathan Ingersoll, 1806-1889; Bowditch, N. I. (Nathaniel Ingersoll), 1805-1861; Crowninshield, Richard, 1774-1844; Dixwell, Mary; Endecott, John, 1588?-1665; Endicott, Charles Edward b. 1832; Endicott, Charles Moses, 1793-1863; Endicott, Elias, 1767-1848; Endicott, Ingersoll Bowditch, b. 1835; Endicott, Mary, 1800-1877; Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1826-1900; Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1860-1936; Endicott, Nathan, 1790-1858; Endicott, Samuel, 1795-1828; Endicott, Sarah Rolland Blythe; Ingersoll, George; Ingersoll, Jonathan, d. 1840; Ingersoll, Sarah Blythe; Peabody, Joseph, 1757-1844; Peabody, Joseph A.; Perkins, Thomas Handasyd, 1764-1854; Porter, Alfred, 1792-182; Putnam, Lucy Blythe, d. 1839; Putnam, Philemon; Rogers, Dudley P.; Rogers, Eliza P.; Rogers, George W.; Rogers, Jacob C.; White Joseph; Account books; Authors; Banks and banking; Boots and shoes--Trade and manufacture; Bereavement--Psychological aspect; Diaries; East India Marine Society; Leslie's Retreat, 1775; Essex Institute; Genealogy; Guardian and ward; Indians of North America; Inventories; Lawyers; Leather industry and trade; Merchants--Salem (Mass.); Sheep ranchers; Shipping; Trials (Murder); Women; Women--Social conditions
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.
The bulk of the collection is from an unknown source. A number of gifts, however, have been integrated into the papers. These include: a 1653 document signed by Governor John Endecott, given by William C. Waters in 1951; letters from William C. Endicott, the gift of Mrs. Alfred Manchester; and William C. Endicott’s guardianship account book for the Rogers family, donated by William B. Rogers and Mrs. William C. Endicott in 1941.