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Endicott Family Papers

Endicott Family Papers

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Processing and conservation of this collection was funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Endicott family
Title:Endicott Family Papers
Quantity:3 linear feet (6 boxes)
Abstract:The Endicott Family Papers record the activities of four generations of a family which settled in Windsor, Vermont, Danvers, Massachusetts, and Salem, Massachusetts.
Collection Number:MSS 159

Series List

SERIES I. Charles Moses Endicott Family Papers
SERIES II. Elias and Mary Endicott Papers
SERIES III. Family Papers
SERIES IV. Miscellaneous Papers

Scope and Content Note

The Endicott Family Papers record the activities of four generations of a family which settled in Windsor, Vermont, Danvers, Massachusetts, and Salem, Massachusetts. The collection includes shipping, business, and personal papers of many other family members. The collection is divided into four series.

Series I. Charles Moses Endicott (1793-1863) Family Papers, 1794-1886, contains correspondence and financial papers of Charles, his wife Sarah (Blythe), and members of Sarah's family. Charles' and Sarah's papers are almost entirely of a personal nature. The only documents relating to Charles' shipping careers are a few accounts and memorandums. Charles' 23-year employment with the Salem Bank is not documented in these papers. Charles' and Sarah's correspondence includes letters received and letters written to Sarah's mother, Sarah Ingersoll. The bulk of the correspondence reports on family and friends, including the movements of Sarah's brother-in-law, Captain Philemon Putnam, while he was at sea, and the death of her sister Lucy in 1839. The correspondence also contains a few letters regarding Charles' memoir of Governor John Endicott and other genealogies upon which he worked. Of interest is a letter from Jonathan I. Bowditch who describes the burning of his house in Boston in 1857 and mentions the articles which were saved from the fire.

The bulk of Charles' bills and receipts are personal or household. Included however are two 1848 receipts for the East India Marine Society, of which he was president, a bill for the 1845 painted copy of Governor John Endicott's portrait, and receipts for the printing and binding of his "Memoir of John Endicott."

The correspondence of Jonathan Ingersoll, Sarah's stepfather, contains letters regarding his shipping concerns and his sheep farm, as well as personal letters from his son George, and grandchildren Henry I. and Nathaniel I. Bowditch, and Mary Dixwell.

The personal correspondence of Lucy (Blythe) and Philemon Putnam includes correspondence with their mother Sarah Ingersoll and their sister Sarah R. Endicott. Additional passages written by Lucy may be found appended to letters written by Sarah and Charles Endicott.

The family papers include correspondence and accounts of Charles' and Sarah's sons, Charles Edward and Ingersoll Bowditch, and a few estate receipts of Sarah Ingersoll.

Series II. Elias and Mary Endicott Papers covers the years 1792 to 1871. The family genealogical register lists three generations, beginning with Elias. Elias' account books provide a glimpse at the thriving shoe and leather working business which he operated in Danvers, Massachusetts. His bills and receipts include both personal and leather working accounts. Mary's diary, 1816-1871, describes the thoughts of a woman growing up on the family farm in Danvers. There are oftentimes spaces of weeks or months between entries. Mary tends not to recount daily activities. Being of a depressed nature, she writes primarily with a religious bent, discussing the deaths of family, friends, and neighbors. She includes also the murder of Salem resident Joseph White in 1830, the suicide of Richard Crowninshield, and the trials and executions of the Knapp brothers. Also of interest is the theory, garnered from Mary's diary entries, that she was in love with her brother-in-law Alfred Porter (see Frank C. Damon's introductory essay on the diary in box 4 folder 7). Researchers are requested to use the typescript of the diary.

Series III. Family Papers, 1638-1936, covers a wide variety of individuals. Nathan Endicott's (1790-1858) shipping letterbook reflects his career as a shipping merchant trading with London, Leningrad, and St. Thomas. Samuel Endicott Jr.'s (1795-1828) shipping account book contains accounts with Joseph and Joseph A. Peabody, and accounts of the ships Catherine and Augustus' voyages to Antwerp, Hamburg, Leningrad, Helsingor, Marseilles, Djakarta, Havana, and Charleston, South Carolina.

William Crowninshield Endicott's (1826-1900) papers contain correspondence and accounts documenting his roles as attorney and Secretary of War. His correspondence includes letters written as Secretary of War concerning Crow Indians. William's account books contain guardianship, trustee's or attorney's accounts for Dudley P., George W., and Eliza P. Rogers, J. Watson Andrews, Charles Endicott, and Jacob C. Rogers.

The miscellaneous family papers include correspondence and financial papers of Samuel, Robert, Henry, John, George W., E.M., Lewis, William P., and William Crowninshield Endicott Jr. William Crowninshield Endicott Jr.'s letters include various historical memorials and celebrations, and his resignation of the Essex Institute presidency. Of note are legal documents of Governor John Endecott: a copy of a 1638 agreement and an original notarized agreement of 1653.

Series IV. Miscellaneous Papers, 1816-1909, includes lists of Salem men over age 70 for the years 1816 and 1822, correspondence to T.H. Perkins of Boston regarding wool, an 1833 surgeon's certificate for a seaman admitted to a Gibraltar hospital, and an essay on Colonel Leslie's retreat in 1755.

Biographical Sketches

Charles Moses Endicott (1793-1863) was originally named Moses Endicott. Endicott was a Salem East India shipmaster and merchant and received his preliminary shipping education in the offices of his uncle Samuel Endicott (1763-1828) of Salem and William Ropes of Boston. Endicott acted as a supercargo of the brig George Little and ship Herald from 1812 to 1818. He sailed as master of the brig Malay, ship Endeavor, and ship Friendship from 1818 to circa 1831. He was employed as clerk of the Salem Bank from 1835 to 1858. Endicott was president of the East India Marine Society. His historical interests prompted him to write works and articles such as his memoir of Governor John Endecott, genealogies of the Endicott, Peabody, and Osgood families, and an account of the 1831 plundering of the ship Friendship by Sumatran natives.

Elias Endicott (1767-1848) operated a prosperous shoe and leather working business in Danvers, Massachusetts.

Mary Endicott (1800-1877) was the daughter of Elias Endicott (1767-1848). Mary lived on the family's farm in Danvers all her life. She was prone to physical ailments and mental depression.

Nathan Endicott (1790-1858) was the brother of Charles Moses Endicott. Nathan was a Salem shipping merchant trading with the West Indies and Europe.

Samuel Endicott Jr. (1795-1828) was the cousin of Charles Moses and Nathan Endicott. He acted as an agent or supercargo for a number of Peabody family vessels, including the ship Catherine and ship Augustus.

Sarah Rolland (Blythe) Endicott was the wife of Charles Moses Endicott. She was originally from Windsor, Vermont.

William Crowninshield Endicott (1826-1900) was a Salem attorney and Supreme Court Justice of Massachusetts from 1873-1883. He became Secretary of War in 1885.

William Crowninshield Endicott Jr. (1860-1936) was the son of William Crowninshield Endicott (1826-1900) and served as President of the Essex Institute from which he resigned in 1925.

Jonathan Ingersoll (d. 1840) was Sarah R. Endicott's stepfather, his third wife being Sarah, the widow of Sarah Endicott's father Samuel Blythe. He was a resident of Windsor, Vermont. Ingersoll was a shipping merchant and owner of a sheep farm. The daughter of his first marriage, Mary Ingersoll, married Nathanial Bowditch.

Lucy (Blythe) Putnam was Sarah R. Endicott's sister and wife of shipping merchant Philemon Putnam of Danvers and Salem, Massachusetts.

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Andrews, J. Watson
Bowditch, Jonathan Ingersoll, 1806-1889
Bowditch, N. I. (Nathaniel Ingersoll), 1805-1861
Crowninshield, Richard, 1774-1844
Dixwell, Mary
Endecott, John, 1588?-1665
Endicott, Charles Edward b. 1832
Endicott, Charles Moses, 1793-1863
Endicott, Elias, 1767-1848
Endicott, Ingersoll Bowditch, b. 1835
Endicott, Mary, 1800-1877
Endicott, Nathan, 1790-1858
Endicott, Samuel, 1795-1828
Endicott, Sarah Rolland Blythe
Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1826-1900
Endicott, William Crowninshield, 1860-1936
Ingersoll, George
Ingersoll, Jonathan, d. 1840
Ingersoll, Sarah Blythe
Peabody, Joseph A.
Peabody, Joseph, 1757-1844
Perkins, Thomas Handasyd, 1764-1854
Porter, Alfred, 1792-182
Putnam, Lucy Blythe, d. 1839
Putnam, Philemon
Rogers, Dudley P.
Rogers, Eliza P.
Rogers, George W.
Rogers, Jacob C.
White Joseph
Augustus (Ship)
Catherine (Ship)
Account books
Banks and banking
Bereavement--Psychological aspect
Boots and shoes--Trade and manufacture
East India Marine Society
Essex Institute
Guardian and ward
Indians of North America
Leather industry and trade
Leslie's Retreat, 1775
Merchants--Salem (Mass.)
Sheep ranchers
Trials (Murder)
Women--Social conditions
Danvers (Mass.)
Salem (Mass.)
Windsor (Vt.)


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Administrative Information


Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Endicott Family Papers, MSS 159, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.


The Endicott Family Papers are a reintegration and reorganization of 9 account books, 1 diary, 1 letterbook, 3 scrapbook volumes, and several miscellaneous folders of manuscript material. The bulk of the collection is from an unknown source. A number of gifts, however, have been integrated into the papers. These include: a 1653 document signed by Governor John Endecott, given by William C. Waters in 1951; letters from William C. Endicott, the gift of Mrs. Alfred Manchester; and William C. Endicott's guardianship account book for the Rogers family, donated by William B. Rogers and Mrs. William C. Endicott in 1941.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Sylvia B. Kennick, December 1984. Updated by Catherine Robertson, March 2015.

Related Material

Endicott, Charles Moses. Memoir of John Endicott, First Governor of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay. Salem, 1847.

Endicott, Charles Moses. Sailing directions for the pepper ports on the West Coast of Sumatra: From Pulo Riah to

Sinkel. Salem, Mass.: Whipple & Lawrence, 1833.

Endicott, William. Wrecked Among Cannibals in the Fijis: a Narrative of Shipwreck & Adventure in the South Seas. Salem, Mass.: Marine Research Society, 1923.

Endicott, William Crowninshield. John Endicott and John Winthrop: Address at the Tercentary Banquet at Salem June 12, 1930, to Commemorate the Arrival of Governor Winthrop with the Charter. Boston: [Thos. Todd Co.], 1930.

Endicott, William Crowninshield. Memoir of Samuel Endicott. Boston Mass., 1924.

Jacobs, Mrs. Andrew. A Sketch of Captain Timothy Endicott. Brooklyn, New York, 1893.

""The Last of the Endicotts": the Story of a Farm and Family Whose History, from Generation to Generation is Closely Entwined with Official History of Old and New New England." Boston Sunday Herald. Boston Mass., Dec. 19, 1915.

Samuel and Eliza Endicott Papers, 1790-1860, MH 91.

Joseph Peabody Family Papers, 1721-1936, MH 178.

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