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Francis Welch Crowninshield (1843-1866) Papers

Francis Welch Crowninshield (1843-1866) Papers

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Open Finding Aid

FRANCIS WELCH CROWNINSHIELD (1843-1866) PAPERS, 1861-1874





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Crowninshield, Francis W. (Francis Welch), 1842-1866
Title:Francis Welch Crowninshield (1843-1866) Papers
Dates:1861/1874
Dates:bulk 1861/1866
Quantity:0.5 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract:The Francis Welch Crowninshield papers contain correspondence from 1861 to 1874 relating to Crowninshield's Civil War experiences and postwar trip to Europe, primarily in the form of letters to his mother and older brother Edward.
Collection Number:MH 70

Series List


Scope and Content Note

The Francis Welch Crowninshield papers contain correspondence from 1861 to 1874 relating to Crowninshield's Civil War experiences and postwar trip to Europe, primarily in the form of letters to his mother and older brother Edward. There are also two short diaries and a sketch of a scene in a railroad car. Of special note are his descriptions of army routine and his experiences with General Sherman in the South. He wrote frequently about his perceptions of commanders, recruitment problems, and the state of the army.


Each folder contains original letters, followed by a folder of typewritten transcriptions. The transcriptions are occasionally inaccurate, but can be used in place of the originals to gain a general idea about the content of the letters. It is not known who made the transcriptions. Also included in this collection is Francis Crowninshield's 1865 passport.


Biographical Sketch

Francis Welch Crowninshield was born in on May 12, 1843, to Edward Augustus and Caroline (Welch) Crowninshield, near Boston, Massachusetts. He was the second son born to the Crowninshields. He attended Harvard College but left during his sophomore year, volunteering for the Civil War. Crowninshield obtained an appointment as Second Lieutenant in the Second Massachusetts Infantry, which was part of the renowned 12th Corps. He took part in the battles of Cedar Mountain, Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, among others. In 1864, he was with Sherman in the Atlanta, Savannah, and Carolinas campaigns. He was wounded three times in battle: at Winchester, Antietam, and Gettysburg, and was also shot by a guerrilla near Chattanooga while off duty.


Crowninshield was mustered out with the rank of Major in July 1865, after which he traveled to Europe with friends to celebrate. While in Rome he became seriously ill from complications from his many injuries. He died on May 21, 1866. His older brother, Edward, survived him by only a year, leaving his widowed mother only her third son, Frederick, who went on to become a noted painter and figure in the art world.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Crowninshield, Edward, d. 1867
United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 2nd (1861-1864)
United States. Army--Diaries
United States. Army--Military life
United States. Army--Recruiting, enlistment, etc.
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va., 1862
Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863
Diaries
Diaries--1864
Passports--United States
Recruiting and enlistment
Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1862
Sherman''s March through the Carolinas
Soldiers
Voyages and travels
Chickamauga (Ga.)--Description and travel
Europe--Description and travel
Savannah (Ga.)--Description and travel
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Campaigns
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Destruction and pillage
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Medical care
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Francis Welch Crowninshield (1843-1866) Papers, MH 70, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This material was donated by Carl A. de Gersdorft on October 15, 1941 (acc. #10,878). The passport was donated by Mrs. Davis Percy Morgan on May 11, 1973 (acc. #20,137).

Processing Information

Collection processed by Christopher Carden, August 1998. Updated by Hilary Streifer, March 2015.


Related Material


Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, ed. Harvard Memorial Biographies. vol. II. Cambridge: University Press, 1867


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