The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Anderson, John, 1816-1864
John Anderson (1816-1864)
4.5 linear feet (6 boxes)
The John Anderson papers
contains materials relating to Anderson's time as a commercial sea captain and
supercargo, in addition to materials from his time as a foreign agent for the Boston
and New York firm of Daniel G. and William B. Bacon and Company.
SERIES I. Business Papers
A. Ships' Papers
B. Financial Papers
SERIES II. Personal Papers
A. Financial Papers
Scope and Content Note
The John Anderson papers contains materials relating to Anderson's time as a
commercial sea captain and supercargo, in addition to materials from his time as a
foreign agent for the Boston and New York firm of Daniel G. and William B. Bacon and
Company. This collection has been divided into two series.
Series I. Business Papers contains materials from
Anderson's time as a sea captain, supercargo, and foreign agent. It has been divided
into four subseries. Subseries A. Ships' Papers contains
the material related to specific ships, such as cargo invoices, letters of credit,
bills of lading, freight bills, insurance documents, and associated correspondence.
Subseries B. Financial Papers contains account books,
bills, receipts, and an invoice book. The invoice book includes invoices for cargos
sent to Boston, as well as disbursements for vessels owned by Daniel G. and William
B. Bacon and Company. Subseries C. Correspondence
contains letter books which contain correspondence to and from Anderson's employers
and other foreign agents. The correspondence includes material largely related to
Anderson's activities as an agent for Daniel G. and William B. Bacon and Company.
Subseries D. Other contains miscellaneous shipping
Series II. Personal Papers contains material not
necessarily related to Anderson's activities as a sea captain, supercargo, or
foreign agent. This series has been divided into two subseries. Subseries A. Financial Papers contains day books, ledgers, and cash
books. Some of the books do relate to the shipping and merchant industry; however,
because of the dates and additional subjects in the books, they have not been added
to the business papers. Subseries B. Other contains a
bound volume of poems written by Anderson's wife, Lydia Adeline (Chase) Anderson.
Some of the poems are addressed to Anderson.
John Anderson was born on October 7, 1816 in Christiana
(now Oslo), Norway. He arrived in the United States in 1835. He was a commercial sea
captain and commission sales agent.
The first American ship that Anderson served on was the Harriet of Portland, under Captain Stout. Anderson later served on the
Somerset of Boston. Between 1844 and 1853, he was
master of Three Brothers, owned by G. T. Lyman of
Boston, Massachusetts. From 1853 to late 1856, Anderson was master of Thomas William Sears. In October 1856, while on a voyage
to India, Anderson turned over command of Thomas William
Sears to Captain Joseph E. Jones and continued as the sole foreign sales
agent for Daniel G. and William B. Bacon and Company, one of the largest shipping
firms in Boston and New York, in the hopes of having more profitable employment. He
was in charge of all of their ships, ships' masters, routings, and cargo bought and
sold in South Africa, India, Ceylon, East Indies, Macao, China, Australia, and
Manila. He worked for the firm as a foreign agent until 1862.
In February 1847, Anderson married Lydia Adeline Chase who was born on February
19, 1822, to Stephen and Sarah (Merrill) Chase in Plaistow, New Hampshire. The
couple had no children. John Anderson died from complications from malaria in 1864.
Lydia Anderson died in 1902 at their home, the Milton Chase Mansion, in Haverhill,
Massachusetts. Both are buried in the Linwood Cemetery, in Haverhill; their grave is
marked by a monument which is engraved with a large ship's anchor and chain.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Anderson, Lydia Chase, 1822-1902
Bacon, Daniel G. (Daniel Gorham), b. 1819
Bacon, William B.
Black Sea (Ship)
D.G. & W.B. Bacon & Co. (Boston, Mass.)
Empire State (Steamer)
Game Cock (Ship)
Ocean Bride (Ship)
Samuel Appleton (Ship)
Thomas W. Sears (Ship)
Three Brothers (Bark)
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
John Anderson (1816-1864) Papers, MH 29, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum,
This material was bought on September 15, 1931 (accession #8,796). Nine account books
were purchased in 1929, and one was purchased in 1931. Collections MSS 122 and Acc. 2009.020
were integrated into this collection. There is no available information on the
provenance of MSS 122; it was originally processed in
May 1984 by Prudence K. Backman. Collection Acc.
2009.020 consisting of a letter book dated 1850-1856 and a bound
collection of poems written by Lydia A. Anderson was a gift from the family of
Richard Sargent Keene in 2009.
Collection processed by Frank Chmara, August 2003. Updated by Hilary Streifer,
Chase, John Carroll and George Walter Chamberlain. Seven
Generations of the Descendants of Aquila and Thomas Chase. Camden, ME:
Picton Press, 1993.
Copies of manuscript materials relating to Captain John Anderson. MH 0.322
The John Anderson papers contains materials relating to Anderson's time as a commercial sea captain and supercargo, in addition to materials from his time as a foreign agent for the Boston and New York firm of Daniel G. and William B. Bacon and Company.
D.G. & W.B. Bacon & Co. (Boston, Mass.); Arabella (Ship); Ariadne (Ship); Black Sea (Ship); Cherubim (Ship); Chilo (Ship); Colorado (Battleship); Empire State (Steamer); Game Cock (Ship); Hornet (Ship); Maury (Ship); Moneynick (Bark); Negotiator (Ship); Ocean Bride (Ship); Quickstep (Bark); Reaper (Ship); Sabine (Ship); Samuel Appleton (Ship); Santiago (Ship); Sweepstakes (Ship); Thomas W. Sears (Ship); Three Brothers (Bark); Welkin (Bark); Anderson, Lydia Chase, 1822-1902; Bacon, Daniel G. (Daniel Gorham), b. 1819; Bacon, William B.; Merchants--Massachusetts--Boston; Shipping--India--Mumbai; Shipping--Indonesia
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.