The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Wigglesworth, Thomas, 1814-1907
Thomas Wigglesworth Jr. (1814-1907)
2 linear feet (2 boxes)
The Thomas Wigglesworth Jr.
papers contain business documents related to shipping, import and export of goods,
prices current, and financial accounts.
SERIES I. Shipping Papers SERIES II. Financial and Trade Papers
B. Imports and Exports
C. Market Reports and Prices Current
D. Account Books
Scope and Content Note
The Thomas Wigglesworth Jr. papers contain business documents related to shipping,
import and export of goods, prices current, and financial accounts. Since the
earliest material covers the time that Thomas Wigglesworth Jr. would have still been
a child and later in college, it is possible that he acquired some of the items from
his father or had written them out himself as he researched the market over the time
covered (1824-1833). This collection is made up of two series.
Series I. Shipping Papers contain bills of lading
emanating from Calcutta, a charter agreement, and details about the voyages of the
ship Archangel. Also included is correspondence between
Wigglesworth and supercargoes, some with written instructions to the supercargoes,
including a notebook with detailed instructions about the type, quality, weight,
value and handling of Indian commodities purchased and exported. In one of the
letters, a supercargo in Calcutta makes reference to the troubles in Egypt in
Series II. Financial and Trade Papers contain five
subseries. Subseries A. Correspondence, contains
correspondence to Wigglesworth regarding trade and prices. Subseries B. Imports and Exports contain reports of the imports and/or
exports out of specific ports or about specific items. Ports included in this
subseries include: Bombay, Calcutta, and Canton [Guangzhou]. There is also a
Bengal-to-English weight chart and a report on the import and export of Indigo in
Subseries C. Market Reports and Prices Current
comprises the bulk of the collection. These reports, both printed and handwritten,
are from various ports around the world and cover several decades. The reports are
arranged alphabetically and include: Amsterdam, Antwerp, Buenos Ayres, Calcutta,
Canton, Copenhagen, Geneva, Hamburg, Havana, Leghorn, Liverpool, London, Manila,
Rotterdam, San Francisco, Singapore, St. Petersburg, and Triste.
Subseries D. Account Books contain two invoice
account books. Subseries E. Other contains miscellaneous
items such as a sales account and a Boston Weekly
Report from August 19, 1826.
Thomas Wigglesworth Jr. was born on July 1, 1814 to Thomas
(1775-1855) and Jane (Norton) Wigglesworth. A lifetime resident of Boston and member
of a prominent Massachusetts family, Thomas Jr. was a descendant of Edward
Wigglesworth, who had arrived in America in 1638. Thomas Jr.'s grandfather, Edward
(1732-1794) Wigglesworth II, had succeeded his father, Edward Wigglesworth, as the
second Hollis professor of divinity at Harvard College and was, for a time, that
institution's acting president. Thomas (1775-1855), a wealthy merchant, was known
for his business integrity and acuity in the Calcutta and East India trade.
After graduating from Harvard College in 1833, Thomas Jr. read law for two years
at Northampton and in the law office of the Honorable Charles G. Loring of Boston.
However, he chose instead to involve himself with his father's merchant business,
which was located at 16 India Wharf, in Boston, where he actively participated in
the merchant trade.
Thomas Jr. remained in the merchant business for many years, gradually giving it
up to care for property (his own and other's), and the various trusts associated
with the property. He was also an educated and liberal patron of the arts (from
Memorials of the Class of 1833, Harvard College,
141). He died in Boston on March 21, 1907.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Wigglesworth, Thomas, 1814-1907
Augustin Wills and Company
Baring Brothers and Company
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
Thomas Wigglesworth Jr. (1814-1907) Papers, MH 6, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex
Museum, Salem, Mass.
This material was donated by John P. Chase in 1984. Two account books and
miscellaneous papers were donated by Mrs. Edward Jackson Holmes in 1955 (accession
Collection processed by Roberta L. Kovitz April 1987. Updated by Hilary Streifer
Lovett, Robert W. and Eleanor C. Bishop. Manuscripts in Baker
Library: A Guide to Sources for Business, Economic, and Social