The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Colcord, Joanna C. (Joanna Carver), 1882-1960
Joanna Carver Colcord (1882-1960)
1 linear foot (2 boxes)
The Joanna Carver Colcord
papers are a draft of a collection of poems for an anthology that Colcord was
working towards having published.
SERIES I. Part I. Sea Verse by American Authors
A. Acknowledgement and Introduction
B. Ships and Ships' Companies
C. The Paths of the Sea
F. In Lighter Vein
SERIES II. Part II. American Naval and Maritime History in
Verse SERIES III. Discards
Scope and Content Note
The Joanna Carver Colcord papers are a draft of a collection of poems for an
anthology that Colcord was working towards having published. The poems in this
collection comprise a selection of seagoing poetry that was originally intended to
be published as a part of Roll and Go: Songs of American
Sailormen in 1948. Due to the considerable amount of material she had
collected, Colcord deferred the publication of the poetry volume and continued to
work on it for the next twenty years. Ill health in her later years eventually
caused her to abandon her work on this project.
The collection has been processed in its original order, the order in which
Colcord had arranged the poems for her volume. A specific table of contents for the
collection can be found in a paper entitled "Storm Along: An American Sea
Anthology—a Manuscript by Joanna Carver Colcord in the Collection of the Peabody
Museum of Salem" by Mary Malloy. For purposes of organization for this finding aid,
each part of the volume has been divided into a separate series.
Series I. Part I. Sea Verse by American Authors includes
six subseries, each one a chapter in the volume: Subseries A.
Acknowledgement and Introduction, Subseries B. Ships
and Ships' Companies, Subseries C. The Paths of the
Sea, Subseries D. Legendry, Subseries E. Alongshore, and Subseries
F. In Lighter Vein.
Series II. Part II. American Naval and Maritime History in
Verse contains poems about different maritime events, such as battles and
Series III. Discards contains a group of poems not
included in Malloy's index; these are poems that were collected originally by
Colcord for her volume and later dismissed. This draft is not dated.
Joanna Carver Colcord was born on March 18, 1882 in the
South Seas, about sixty miles off the coast of the French colony of New Caledonia,
to Lincoln Alden Colcord and Jane French Sweester Colcord. Joanna was born onboard
her father's barque Charlotte A. Littlefield, where she
lived until she entered the University of Maine at the age of eighteen. She
graduated cum laude in 1906 with a degree in chemistry. In 1911, she received a
certificate from the New York School of Social Work and began a life-long career in
During her career, she headed numerous organizations including, in 1929, the
Charity Division of the Russell Sage Foundation in New York City. Her publications
in the field of social service include The Long Way,
Emergency Work Relief, Your
Community, Cash Relief, and Broken Homes. She is also known as one of the foremost
collectors of American sea songs and language. Roll and Go:
Songs of American Sailormen, published in 1924, stands as the first
comprehensive collection of American sea music. Other publications related to
American maritime heritage include Sea Language Comes
Ashore, published in 1945, and several articles in the journal The American Neptune.
Joanna married Frank John Bruno in 1950, after which they moved to St. Louis,
Missouri. She died in 1960.
Lincoln Alden Colcord, the younger brother of Joanna
Carver Colcord, was born August 14, 1883, near Cape Horn, South America to Lincoln
Alden Colcord and Jane French Sweester Colcord. Like his sister, he too was born
onboard their father's barque Charlotte A. Littlefield,
where he lived until he entered the University of Maine at the age of eighteen. He
became a short story writer, poet, novelist, and journalist. At age thirty, he
transcribed close to 150 family letters, intent on publishing them in book form.
Joanna assisted editorially and contributed letters that she had saved from their
parents. Unfortunately the project was never finished by Lincoln, as World War I
interrupted (Albee, xx). The project was eventually completed, just not in either
sibling's life time, as Letters from Sea 1882-1901: Joanna and
Lincoln Colcord's Seafaring Childhood by Parker Bishop Albee, Jr.
Lincoln married Blanche Meade Morgan; they had one daughter, Inez, before
Blanche died in 1924. He then married Frances Brooks; they had one son, Brooks.
Lincoln died suddenly in 1947.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Colcord, Joanna C. (Joanna Carver), 1882-1960
Colcord, Lincoln, 1883-1947
Day, Holman, 1865-1935
Harte, Bret, 1836-1902
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894
Jenness, Burt Franklin
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 1807-1882
Melville, Herman, 1819-1891
Rice, Cale Young, 1872-1943
Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892
Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892
Ballads, English--United States
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
This material was donated by Joanna Carver Colcord of Searsport, Maine in 1947
Collection processed by Cynthia Hecht and Gregor Trinkus-Randall, July 1983. Updated
by Hilary Streifer, December 2014.
Albee, Parker Bishop Jr. Letters from Sea 1882-1901: Joanna and
Lincoln Colcord's Seafaring Childhood. Gardiner, ME: Tilbury House
Colcord, Joanna Carver. "Paddy Get Back." The American
Neptune (December 1942).
Colcord, Joanna Carver. Roll and Go : Songs of American
Sailormen: Compiled by Joanna C. Colcord: With Introduction by Lincoln
Colcord. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1924.
Colcord, Joanna Carver. Sea Language Comes Ashore. NY:
Cornell Maritime Press, 1945.
Colcord, Joanna Carver. Songs of American Sailormen: With an
Introduction by Lincoln Colcord. NY: W. W. Norton, 1938.
Colcord, Lincoln. The Game of Life and Death: Stories of
the Sea. NY: Macillan Company, 1914.
Colcord, Lincoln. Record of Vessels Built on Penobscot River
and Bay. Salem, MA: Marine Research Society, 1932.
Edvart, Ole. Giants in the Earth: A Saga of the
Prairie. Translated by Lincoln Colcord. NY: Harper, 1927.
Malloy, Mary. Storm Along: an American Sea Anthology:
Manuscript by Joanna Carver Colcord in the Collection of the Peabody Museum of
Salem. Salem, MA: Peabody Museum, 1983.
Thompson, Margaret Jefferds. Captain Nathaniel Lord
Thompson of Kennebunk, Maine: and the Ships He Built, 1811-1889: With
Introduction by Lincoln Colcord. Searsport, ME: Penobscot Marine Museum, 1937.
Wasson, George Savary. Sailing Days on the Penobscot: the
River and Bay as They were in the Old Days: With a Record of Vessels Built There
Compiled by Lincoln Colcord. Salem, MA: Marine Research Society,
Lincoln Colcord, Four Printed Verses from "Vision of War (1915)", 1947. MH 0.390