The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Newhall, Isaac, 1782-1858
Isaac Newhall (1782-1858)
0.75 linear feet (2 boxes)
This collection documents the
transactions of J & I Newhall, dry goods merchants in Salem, Massachusetts, in
the early nineteenth century.
Scope and Content Note
This collection documents the transactions of J & I Newhall, dry goods merchants
in Salem, Massachusetts, in the early nineteenth century. Included are letters,
receipts, legal papers, shipping papers, and also some personal correspondence to
Isaac Newhall (1782-1858).
Folder 1 contains extensive business correspondence
addressed to Isaac Newhall or J & I Newhall, dry goods merchants in Salem,
Massachusetts, from 1814 to 1836. Also present is correspondence addressed to Isaac
Newhall, merchant in Macon, Georgia, from 1834 to 1836. In Folder 2 is personal correspondence relating to the Newhall family
members including Isaac Newhall, his mother Lucy, wife Sally, brother Horatio, son
Gustavus, nieces Harriet and Lucy Ann, and son-in-law George Collins. There are also
letters of introduction for Gustavus as he traveled west to join Horatio in Galena,
Illinois. Six of the business or personal letters to Isaac Newhall were transcribed,
and typewritten copies are in Folder 3.
Folder 4 contains extensive notes and drafts of
correspondence to John Pickering (1777-1846), as well as one letter from John
Pickering, concerning the authorship of the Letters of Junius. Junius was the pseudonym of a writer who
published this collection of letters in 1772. They were widely circulated in Europe
and remained popular for many years both because of their political significance and
the mystery surrounding their authorship. Isaac Newhall argued that Earl Temple
(1711-1779), an English politician, was the author of the Junius Letters, and he
published his theory in a series of letters to John Pickering in 1831.
Folder 5 includes shipping papers itemizing shipment
of dry goods between Salem, Massachusetts, and ports including New York, Baltimore,
Charleston, Savannah, and New Orleans. Ships named include brigs Return, Dispatch, Eliza, Agenoria, and Harriot, sloops Sattleite(sp?), Packet, Delight, and Stranger, ships
Andrew Jackson, and Olive Branch, and schooners Rapids, Greyhound, Fame, Neptune, Washington, and Hero.
Folder 6 contains five documents. The first transfers
ownership of a wharf in Salem from Elijah Sanderson to Joel and Isaac Newhall
(1814), the second is a rental lease in Lynn (1817), the third describes a disputed
lease in Salem (1822), and the fourth outlines the obligations of Newhall and Thayer
to their creditors (1825). Also included is a draft of a petition to the United
States Congress requesting that small foreign coins be removed from circulation and
be replaced by freshly minted American coins.
Folders 7 and 8 contain
about 170 receipts detailing the financial transactions of the J & I Newhall
business, in particular between 1814 and 1821.
Box 2 contains four account books dated from 1824 to 1842.
Isaac Newhall was the second son of Joel and Lucy
(Mansfield) Newhall. He was born on August 24, 1782, in Lynn, Massachusetts. For
many years he and his brother Joel ran a dry goods firm in Salem, Massachusetts,
which was usually abbreviated "Joel and Isaac" or "J & I Newhall", and from
about 1834 to 1836 Isaac traded in Macon, Georgia.
Isaac Newhall was married twice. His first wife was Sarah Lewis, whom he married
in 1809, and by whom he had seven children, Sarah, Gustavus, Margaret, Horatio,
Isaac, Martha, and Louisa. He married his second wife in 1849, and by her had one
daughter, Sarah. Isaac also had literary inclinations and in 1831 he published a
series of letters addressed to John Pickering, in which he argued that Earl Temple
was the author of the Junius Letters. Isaac died in Lynn on July 6, 1858.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Junius, 18th cent. Letters
Newhall, Cheever, 1788-1878
Newhall, George, 1792-1869
Newhall, Gustavus, b. 1814
Newhall, Horatio, 1798-1870
Newhall, Isaac, 1782-1858
Newhall, Joel, 1779-1939
Pickering, John, 1777-1846
Sanderson, Elijah, 1751-1825
J & I Newhall
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
Part of this material was donated on July 6, 1998 (acc # 1998.022), and parts were
purchased on March 8, 1961, July 25, 2005 (acc # 2005.007), and May 15, 2008 (acc #
2008.019). The four volumes of account books were purchased on August 16, 1958.
Collection processed by Lee Jacoby, June 2009.
Lewis, Alonzo and Newhall, James R., History of Lynn,
(Boston: John L. Shorey, 1865), pp. 540-541.
Waters, Henry F., "The Newhall Family of Lynn," Essex
Institute Historical Collections 48 (1912): 226-227.
Day book of J. and I. Newhall, 1820-1821, MSS
Part of this material was donated on July 6, 1998 (acc # 1998.022), and parts were purchased on March 8, 1961, July 25, 2005 (acc # 2005.007), and May 15, 2008 (acc # 2008.019). The four volumes of account books were purchased on August 16, 1958.