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Joseph Garland (1922-2011) New England Fisheries Papers

Joseph Garland (1922-2011) New England Fisheries Papers

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Open Finding Aid

JOSEPH GARLAND (1922-2011) NEW ENGLAND FISHERIES PAPERS, 1992-1995, undated





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Garland, Joseph, 1922-2011
Title:Joseph Garland (1922-2011) New England Fisheries Papers
Dates:1992/1995, undated
Quantity:1 Linear foot (2 boxes)
Abstract:The Joseph Garland New England Fisheries Papers are the notes collected by Garland in preparation for writing a book on the New England fisheries.
Collection Number:MSS 289

Series List


Scope and Content Note

The Joseph Garland New England Fisheries Papers are the notes collected by Garland in preparation for writing a book on the New England fisheries. Russell Knight had contracted with Garland to write the book. When it was decided not to write the book, Knight's estate turned over the papers to the Peabody Essex Museum.


Many of the papers are undated photocopies of articles. The reverses of these pages contain excerpts of articles on pleasure yachting and yacht racing.


The papers cover the early history of the region from the first known explorers to the first settlers and up to modern times (1995). Also covered are types of fish and methods of fishing. Politics, pollution, and overfishing comprise the latter part of the papers.


Biographical Sketch

Joseph Everett Garland was born September 30, 1922 in Brookline, Massachusetts. He attended Roxbury Latin School and spent summers at Riverview, the family home on the Annisquam River. While a student at Harvard, Joe took a leave of absence from college and joined the United States Army. His service in the Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon of the 45th Infantry Division's 157th Regiment took him to both Italy and France - experiences that he relates in his twenty-fifth and final book Unknown Soldiers.


Following the war, he worked as a reporter for the Minneapolis Tribune, Boston Herald, and Providence Journal. Due to his union-organizing, he found opportunities diminishing in this field, and turned to freelance work. By the late 1950s, he'd made Gloucester, Massachusetts his home, and began to write books. His biography of Howard Blackburn, Lone Voyager, appeared in 1963. Lone Voyager was followed by That Great Patillo, another tale of a larger-than-life Gloucesterman, and books covering the era of the fishing schooners.


Drawn to the sea himself, and having a connection to Howard Blackburn (his grandfather had operated on him after his fateful voyage), Joe restored Blackburn's own boats Great Republic and Cruising Club, and spent many days sailing them with family and friends. When, as part of the city's 350th anniversary celebration, a classic wooden boat race was held, Joe skippered his schooner, Bandit, with two local fishing captains as crew in a memorable escapade. Later, he was a leader in the successful effort to bring the schooner Adventure back to Gloucester.


In addition to authoring books, Joe involved himself in civic issues, many through his column in the Gloucester Times, "Beating To Windward." He became renowned, too, as a provocative public speaker in his role as Gloucester historian. When Garland died he was in the midst of an unfinished manuscript with the draft title Boats Who Have Messed Around with Me, a colorful log of his boating life. He had two daughters with his first wife, Rebecca Choate. His second wife, Helen, assisted him in getting Unknown Soldiers: Reliving WWII in Europe published in 2008. He died on August 30, 2011.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Commercial Anglers Association
Commercial Anglers Association
New England Fishery Management Council
New England Fishery Management Council
Aquaculture
Atlantic herring
Atlantic mackerel
Cod fisheries
Codfish
Fisheries--Canada
Fisheries--New England
Fishery management
Fishes--Effect of pollution on
Fishing
Haddock
Hake
Halibut
Mackerels
Marine pollution
Menhaden
Overfishing
Pacific herring
Swordfish fishing

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Joseph Garland (1922-2011) New England Fisheries Papers, MSS 289, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This material was donated by the estate of Russell Knight in 1996 (acc #1996.060).

Processing Information

Collection processed by Robert G. Graves, September 1996. Updated by Tamara Gaydos, July 2014.


Related Material

"Joseph E. Garland." The Website of Joseph E. Garland. Joseph E. Garland, 2010. Web. 23 July 2014. http://joegarland.com/memoriam.htm.


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