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Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company Records

Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company Records

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Open Finding Aid

Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company Records, 1836-1888

Sponsor:

Processing of this collection was funded by a gift from the Pingree heirs.





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company
Title:Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company Records
Dates:1836/1888
Quantity:5.5 linear feet (7 boxes, 2 volumes)
Abstract:The records of the Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company include corporate records, financial records, correspondence and documents related to lawsuits regarding land disputes.
Identification:MSS 910

Series List

SERIES I. Corporate and Legal Records
A. Corporate Records
B. Wells v. Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company
C. Woods v. Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company
SERIES II. Financial Records
SERIES III. Correspondence

Scope and Content Note

The records of the Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company include corporate records, financial records, correspondence and documents related to lawsuits regarding land disputes. Some papers of the company prior to the transfer of ownership are included.


Series I. Corporate and Legal Records is organized into three subseries. Subseries A. Corporate Records includes two volumes containing a copy of the incorporation, by-laws, and the meeting minutes. This subseries also includes notices of stockholder meetings, lists of stockholders, cancelled stock certificates, and blank stock certificates. The largest portion of the subseries is dedicated to notes, copies of Registry records, and surveyor field notes regarding land owned by the company. Subseries B. Wells v. Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company consists of affidavits, depositions, trial documents, An Essay on the Cardinal Points by the surveyor Noah Barker, a rejoinder and a surrejoinder to his essay, as well as an appendix. Subseries C. Woods v. Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company comprises copies of the plaintiff’s and defendant’s briefs, correspondence, minutes, and printed court documents. These subseries are organized chronologically.


Series II. Financial Records includes a journal, ledger, and book of notes payable. Included are various bills (including taxes), receipts, accounts of the company, and accounts with George P. Meserve. There are also accounts with contractors such as surveyor Noah Barker and legal counsel William and Henry Heywood. This series is organized chronologically.


Series III. Correspondence is mainly the correspondence received by E. S. Coe. The folder marked “Letters regarding the Iron Ore Tract” includes letters from Albert B. Hill, Daniel A. Patch, and David Pingree to E. S. Coe. In the front of the folder is an index of the letters. Other correspondents include David Pingree, William Heywood, George P. Meserve, Mark Haskell, Charles H. Ladd, Joseph S. Hall, Amos B. Merrill, and Joseph W. Weeks. This series is organized chronologically.


Historical Sketch

The Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company was incorporated by the State of New Hampshire on July 17, 1836. George P. Meserve, Joshua Trickey, and John P. Meserve and associates are listed as the incorporators. The first meeting of the company was held May 4, 1837 at the house of George P. Meserve in Jackson, New Hampshire. In late 1845 and early 1846, the board of directors all resigned their positions and a new board was elected on February 6, 1846. The new board included: David Pingree; Alexander Ladd; Samuel E. Coues; John L. Hayes; Charles H. Ladd; and Alexander H. Ladd. In December 1872, the board voted to sell all of the Company’s right in Sargent’s Purchase to Stephen G. Wheatland. In June of 1877, the board voted to sell eleven hundred acres, known as the “iron ore tract.” The board subsequently voted in May of 1878 to sell all lands owned by the company. On June 18, 1878 it was voted “that the affairs of the company being settled it will be unnecessary to call further meetings of the corporation.”


The Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company was sued multiple times in regards to land rights and ownership. In 1860, Henry B. Wells filed a real action to recover 12,000 acres and establish title to the summit of Mount Washington. Wells claimed the summit of Mount Washington to be his, by prior possession and as being within the limits of his purchase of Thompson & Meserve’s Purchase as granted in September 1835. The defendants claimed ownership as part of Sargent’s Purchase, granted in May 1832, which was purchased by David Pingree in 1846. Both tracts of land were granted by James Willey, the New Hampshire State Land Commissioner. The points contested resulted in three New Hampshire Supreme Court cases, and legal disputes lasting over a decade. The suits were discharged, and exceptions sustained. The suits were officially ended in 1872 when the heirs of David Pingree purchased the opposing party’s interests in both tracts.


In August 1872, Noah Woods filed a real action to recover an eleven hundred acre tract of land in Bartlett, New Hampshire. Woods stated the deed for the property was not properly recorded per an 1830 law, and therefore was null and void. The judge ruled that act of 1830 did not apply to this conveyance and that the deed was executed in compliance with the laws in effect at the time of conveyance. The judgment was in favor of the defendants, with cost.


Other disputes concerning property in and around Mount Washington, involved the Mount Washington Summit Road Company and the trustees of David Pingree’s estate.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Barker, Noah, 1807-1889
Coe, Eben Smith, 1814-1899
Coe, Ebenezer S., -1862
Cooley, Whiting
Coues, Samuel Elliott, 1797-1867
Haskell, Mark
Hayes, John L. (John Lord), 1812-1887
Heywood, Henry
Heywood, William
Hitchcock, Charles H. (Charles Henry), 1836-1919
Hitchcock, J. R.
Huntington, Joshua Henry, 1833-1904
Jackson, Charles T. (Charles Thomas), 1805-1880
Jose, H. N.
Ladd, Alexander H., 1815-1900
Ladd, Charles H., 1812-1899
Macomber, David O.
Merrill, Amos B.
Meserve, George P.
Meserve, John P.
Odiorne, Benjamin
Odiorne, John B. H., -1842
Pingree, David, 1795-1863
Pingree, David, 1841-1932
Pingree, T. P. (Thomas P.)
Taft, John B.
Thompson, J. M.
Trickey, Joshua
Weeks, Joseph W.
Wells, Henry B.
Weston, Nathaniel
Woods, Noah, 1811-1891
Burns, Fletcher & Heywood
S.K. Howard and Co.
Boundary disputes--New Hampshire
Depositions
Iron industry and trade
Justice, Administration of--New Hampshire
Land titles
Lumbering--New Hampshire
Physical geography -- New Hampshire
Surveying
Bartlett (N.H.)
Coos County (N.H.)
Gorham (N.H.)
Jackson (N.H.)
New Hampshire -- Surveys
Sargent's Purchase (N.H.)
Thompson & Meserve's Purchase (N.H.)
Cadastral maps
Deeds

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Request for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Jackson Iron Manufacturing Company Records, MSS 910, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This material was donated by Pingree family heirs.

Processing Information

Collection processed and cataloged by Jennifer Hornsby, September 2014.


Related Material


Burt, F. Allen. The Story of Mount Washington. Hanover, NH: Dartmouth Publications, 1960.


"Wells v. Company." Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Judicial Court of New-Hampshire. Comp. Amos Hadley. Vol. 47. Concord, NH: B. W. Sanborn &, 1869. 235-262.


"Wells v. Iron Company." Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Judicial Court of New-Hampshire. Comp. Amos Hadley. Vol. 4. Concord, NH: B. W. Sanborn &, 1871. 491-540.


"Wells v. Jackson Iron Co." Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Judicial Court of New-Hampshire. Comp. John M. Shirley. Vol. 50. Concord, NH: B. W. Sanborn &, 1872. 85-92.


"Woods v. Jackson Iron Manufacturing Co." Reports of Cases Determined in the Circuit Court of the United States for the First Circuit. Comp. Jabez S. Holmes. Vol. 1. Boston: Little, Brown, 1877. 379-386.


David Pingree (1795-1863) Papers, MSS 901


David Pingree (1841-1932) Papers, MSS 905


Mount Washington Summit Road Company Records, MSS 911


Stephen G. Wheatland (1824-1892), MSS 906


Thomas Perkins Pingree (1830-1876) Papers, MSS 904


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