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Baldwin Family Papers

Baldwin Family Papers

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BALDWIN FAMILY PAPERS, 1763-1889

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Processing for this collection was funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities.





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Baldwin family
Title:Baldwin Family Papers
Dates:1763/1889
Quantity:17 linear feet (35 boxes)
Abstract:The Baldwin Family Papers contain the legal, financial, personal, and real estate papers of Cyrus Baldwin (1740-1790), Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807), Cyrus Baldwin (1773-1834), Benjamin F. Baldwin (1777-1821), Loammi Baldwin (1780-1838), James F. Baldwin (1782-1862), and George R. Baldwin (1798-1888). Also included are the papers of Baldwin relatives in other families: Baldwin, Beckford, Coolidge, Phinney, Vannovouse, and Griffith.
Collection Number:MSS 62

Series List

SERIES I. Cyrus Baldwin (1740-1790) Papers
SERIES II. Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807) Papers
SERIES III. Cyrus Baldwin (1773-1834) Papers
SERIES IV. Benjamin F. Baldwin (1777-1821) Papers
SERIES V. Loammi Baldwin (1780-1838) Papers
SERIES VI. James F. Baldwin (1782-1862) Papers
SERIES VII. George R. Baldwin (1798-1888) Papers
SERIES VIII. Baldwin Family Relatives and Miscellaneous Papers

Scope and Content Note

The Baldwin Family Papers contain the legal, financial, personal, and real estate papers of Cyrus Baldwin (1740-1790), Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807), Cyrus Baldwin (1773-1834), Benjamin F. Baldwin (1777-1821), Loammi Baldwin (1780-1838), James F. Baldwin (1782-1862), and George R. Baldwin (1798-1888). Also included are the papers of Baldwin relatives in other families: Baldwin, Beckford, Coolidge, Phinney, Vannovouse, and Griffith. The collection is divided into eight series.


Series I. Cyrus Baldwin (1740-1790) Papers contains his personal correspondence, bills and receipts, legal papers, estate papers, and almanacs. Cyrus' letters, 1776-1790, contain eight items, including one letter from his brother, Loammi, concerning the war effort. Among the bills and receipts, 1764-1790, are bills for his general stores located in Woburn, Massachusetts, and Dunstable, New Hampshire; notes concerning merchandise exchanged with his brother, Loammi; and account records. The legal papers include the papers concerning the guardianship of the estate of Benjamin Whitney, 1789-1790.


Series II. Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807) Papers contains his personal and business correspondence, bills and receipts, land papers, legal papers, estate papers, and almanacs and memo books. Among Loammi's letters received are family letters, letters pertaining to the mercantile business, and letters from business associates Peirce and Thompson. Also included are some scattered letters concerning Middlesex Canal. Of special interest are two letters, one dated August 27, 1768, from Benjamin Thompson concerning the sport of fencing (Box 2, Folder 3) and a letter signed by Paul Revere dated March 2, 1799, giving a silver appraisal (Box 2, Folder 4). Of the letters sent by Loammi are letters to his future wife, Margaret (Fowle) Baldwin from Ruth Baldwin (Cyrus Baldwin's wife) and others. Transcripts and copies of correspondence between Josiah Pierce and Loammi Baldwin, 1784-1802, are also included.


Loammi Baldwin's bills and receipts include inventory notes, account ledgers, and merchandise receipts for Baldwin and Pierce; receipts for labor and materials; tax receipts; receipts for the Middlesex Canal; and notes and receipts for personal expenditures. The land papers contain deeds for parcels of land in and around Middlesex County acquired and released by Loammi between 1766 and 1807; deeds belonging to the Tay, Pierce, Wyman, Thompson, and Fowle families and other from 1727-1806, the majority dated 1763-1794; and assorted memos, maps, and drawings. The legal papers contain indentures, contracts, and estate papers, including papers pertaining to Sarah Thompson, the Countess of Rumford. The miscellaneous papers include town war tax papers and a catalogue of books in Loammi Baldwin's library. The almanacs and diaries are comprised of nineteen pocket memo books dated 1781-1798 (Box 7, Folder 3); fifteen miscellaneous notebooks dated 1767-1806, which include a journal of a 1794 trip to Philadelphia; and twenty-nine almanacs from 1780-1807, with interleaved notations.


The majority of Loammi Baldwin's Revolutionary War papers are housed at Harvard's Houghton Library, and the majority of the Middlesex Canal papers are housed at the Baker Library, Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration.


Series III. Cyrus Baldwin (1773-1834) Papers is comprised of his personal and business correspondence, bills and receipts, legal papers, estate papers, and almanacs and diaries. The correspondence includes letters, 1801-1834, from family members and letters from James L. Sullivan and others concerning the Middlesex Canal and the Amoskeag Canal. The almanacs and diaries include eighteen registers dated 1797, 1807, 1815, 1820-1834; an 1807 notebook on the administration of Loammi Baldwin's estate; an account book covering the period 1810-1813; and an 1827 memo book.


Series IV. Benjamin F. Baldwin (1777-1821) Papers contains his correspondence, bills and receipts, legal papers, military certificates, and almanacs and memo books. Among the letters received are scattered business letters and letters concerning engineering projects, but the majority are personal letters from other family members. Included in Benjamin's letters are accounts of his trips to Baltimore and Washington (1806), Philadelphia and Halifax, N.C. (1814), and Raleigh (1816-1817). Benjamin's legal papers contain indentures, deeds, and a small number of estate papers as well as papers concerning a land sale controversy between himself and Reverend Chickering and Moses Tokingham. The military certificates include his promotions from Sergeant through Lt. Colonel along with two certificates, dated 1814 and 1821, announcing Benjamin's appointment as Justice of the Peace. The miscellaneous papers include some various land papers, 1800-1821; papers concerning the Woburn Ministerial Fund, 1811-1814; and some broadsides announcing wood sales. The almanacs and diaries include a notebook on a survey of Lexington roads, 1815-1816; a North Carolina survey notebook, 1818; an undated survey book; and ten memo books dated 1796-1810 (Box 13, Folder 4).


Series V. Loammi Baldwin (1780-1838) Papers contains his correspondence and his estate papers. Among the correspondence, 1807-1838, are letters from his brothers, a letter from Edward Everett in 1828 announcing Loammi's election as a director of the Bunker Hill Monument Association, and several letters concerning the New York Dry Dock and surveys of Boston Harbor (1835). Also included are letters received by his second wife, Catherine Beckford Baldwin, dated 1820-1864, most of which came from her children and other family members. Loammi Baldwin's estate papers include a copy of his 1837 will, the probate reports, and a list of books in his library. The miscellaneous papers include some scattered bills and receipts, miscellaneous drawings and survey notes, an 1827-1828 memo book, and a second memo book which concerns ballast for the Charlestown Dry Dock dated 1830.


This collection is quite small. The majority of Loammi's papers, especially the engineering and Dry Dock papers, were retained by the Baker Library. Loammi Baldwin's library was donated, intact, to MIT and is currently housed in the Rare Book Collection of their Humanities Library.


Series VI. James F. Baldwin (1782-1862) Papers contain his personal and business correspondence, bills and receipts, legal papers, land papers, notes, memos, and drawings, and almanacs and account books. Among James Baldwin's letters received are letters concerning land affairs, personal and business letters from his brothers and from his nephews Thomas B. Coolidge, Benjamin Coolidge, and Loammi Baldwin, and various business letters. Several letters are of especial interest: an 1825 letter from Cyrus Baldwin concerning the history of the Baldwin Apple; a letter from Washington Allston (Box 16, Folder 5) dated January 24, 1832, giving James permission to have a lithograph made of Loammi Baldwin's portrait; letters from the popular poet Lydia H. Sigourney from 1839 to 1855; and a letter dated August 1, 1850, requesting that he be a pallbearer in the procession for late President Taylor.


James Baldwin's legal papers include the guardianship papers of Clarissa and George Baldwin, 1807-1819; the financial papers of Joseph Head for whom James served as attorney, 1840-1842; Isaac McLellan's estate papers, 1849-1854; the legal papers, 1819 and 1841-1852, and estate papers, 1852-1855, of Sarah Thompson, the Countess of Rumford; and James' own legal papers. Among James' land papers are papers relating to the Kennebec Land Purchase of Kennebec County, Maine, of which his father, Loammi, was one of the original proprietors. Included here are copies of the original land charter; deeds belonging to Loammi Baldwin, Loammi Jr., William Whitmore, and others dated 1771-1883; tax receipts; and letters and other papers relevant to the Purchase. In the miscellaneous papers are scattered annual reports and other papers of the Children's Friend Society, broadsides, advertisements, and catalogues of optical, mathematical, and philosophical instruments.


Most of the engineering papers and many of the business papers of James Baldwin were retained by the Baker Library, Harvard Graduate School of Business.


Series VII. George R. Baldwin (1798-1888) Papers is comprised of his correspondence, Catherine R. (Beckford) Baldwin's correspondence, his bills and receipts, legal papers, land papers, engineering notes, personal notes, and miscellaneous papers. Among George's correspondence are letters received from 1829-1888, the vast majority spread between 1870 and 1888. Included here are a few business letters, but most are personal family letters, a great many sent by his nephews Thomas B. Coolidge, Loammi Baldwin, and Roswell Park; his nieces Mary Park and Helen Baldwin; his daughter Kitty; and his wife. Also included are a small number of letters of introduction, 1831-1847, which accompanied him on his trips to London and New York. The majority of Catherine Baldwin's correspondence is comprised of letters to and from her mother, Catherine Beckford Baldwin; her sister, Lucretia (Beckford) Phinney; and her daughter, Kitty (Baldwin) Vannovouse Griffith. Catherine's correspondence also contains letters concerning her inheritance (see 1864 and beyond), problems with the Beckford Estate, various land sales, and announcements of social events.


George Baldwin's bills and receipts, 1818-1881, are largely made up of his receipts for books purchased. George Baldwin was often used as an engineering consultant for important legal disputes, and several of his case notes are included in the legal papers. Among George Baldwin's land papers are old deeds dated 1741-1915 and memos, sketches, surveys, and deeds concerning his lands in and around Woburn and those bordering the old Middlesex Canal. Included in his personal notes are insurance memos, medical notes and prescriptions, assorted recipes, and notes on stock ownership.


The majority of George Baldwin's engineering papers are currently housed at Harvard University's Baker Library and a large number of drawings of the Quebec Water Works are housed at the University of Michigan's Transportation Library.


Series VIII. Baldwin Relatives and Miscellaneous Papers contain letters and other papers of James Baldwin (1710-1791), Thomas Beckford, Clarissa (Baldwin) Coolidge (1791-1741), Thomas Coolidge, Lucretia (Beckford) Phinney, and Catherine Rumford (Baldwin) Vannovouse Griffith. Included in the Miscellaneous Papers (Folder 4) are an unsigned report entitled "Baldwin" and a report titled "Town of Baldwin" compiled by Lauren M. Sanborn, both of which are concerned with the town of Baldwin, Maine, which was named after Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807).


The single oversized box (Box 35) of the Baldwin Family Papers contains nine drawings, dated 1852-1856, by George Baldwin pertaining to the Quebec Water Works and five large, unidentified land maps.


Biographical Sketch

Cyrus Baldwin (1740-1790), the first child of James and Ruth Baldwin of Woburn, Massachusetts, was born on November 3, 1740. During the Revolutionary War, Cyrus settled in Boston as a merchant and also served as a 1st Lieutenant in Colonel Henry Bromfield's Boston militia regiment. Sometime following 1777, he moved to Dunstable, New Hampshire, where, again, he became a successful merchant. He served for a time as a representative to the New Hampshire State Legislature, but his political career was abruptly halted when he drowned in Dunstable two days after his fiftieth birthday, November 5, 1790. He was buried five days later in Woburn. He had been married to Ruth Wilson of Bedford, and he died without issue.


Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807) was born at New Bridge (North Woburn) on January 21, 1745, the second son of James and Ruth Baldwin. A bright and inquisitive child, Loammi studied under Master John Fowle, a noted instructor in Woburn, and later he attended the scientific lectures of Professor Winthrop of Harvard, in company with close friend Benjamin Thompson, afterwards the famous Count Rumford. On their return, the two students would build crude instruments illustrating the principles they had learned.


Originally a cabinet maker by trade, upon the commencement of the Revolutionary War in 1775, Loammi Baldwin enlisted in the foot regiment commanded by Colonel Samuel Gerrish. After Colonel Gerrish's retirement in 1775, Major Baldwin was elevated to head the regiment and was soon promoted to Colonel. Colonel Baldwin's regiment had been stationed in Boston, and in April of 1776, he followed General Washington to New York, and his regiment was involved in the capture of Hessian troops at Trenton. Colonel Baldwin was honorably discharged in 1777 because of ill health, and he returned to Woburn where he entered into partnership with Josiah Pierce, operating a general store and sawmill and purchasing real estate in Massachusetts and Maine for lumber and property investment. This partnership was dissolved in 1802, but Pierce continued to act on Loammi Baldwin's behalf long afterwards.


Loammi Baldwin's life was also marked by a distinguished civil career. From 1778 to 1779, he served as a representative for Woburn to the General Court, and he was again a member from 1800 to 1804. In 1780, he was appointed the first High Sherriff of Middlesex County, a post he held until 1794.


Loammi Baldwin's professional career was highlighted by his involvement as a leading proponent of the Middlesex Canal, one of the most ambitious engineering projects of its time. He served as the chief engineer of the canal, and he supervised every phase of its construction. Loammi is also remembered for discovering and developing the famous Baldwin apple which bears his name.


An honorary graduate of Harvard College (A.M. 1785), Loammi Baldwin was also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He married Mary Fowle, daughter of James Fowle, in 1772, and in 1791, he married her cousin, Margery Fowle, daughter of Josiah Fowle. Loammi Baldwin died on October 20, 1807, following a long illness. He was survived by six children, four from his first wife (Cyrus, Benjamin, Loammi, and James) and two from his second (Clarissa and George).


Cyrus Baldwin (1773-1834), the first child of Loammi and Mary (Fowle) Baldwin, was born at Woburn on June 22, 1773. He assisted his father in building and maintaining the Middlesex Canal, and after his father's death, moved to the head of the canal at Chelmsford in order to act as its agent. He also assisted on other canal projects, most notably the Amoskeag Canal, and he was appointed inspector and sealer of gunpowder to Hale's and Whipple's factories in Lowell. He married Elizabeth Varnum of Dracut on April 28, 1799, and his only child, Mary (1802-1824), died of a "bloody fungus" on her arm and shoulder. Cyrus Baldwin died at Chelmsford on June 23, 1834.


Benjamin Franklin Baldwin (1777-1821), the second son of Loammi and Mary Baldwin, was born at Woburn, December 15, 1777. He married Mary Brewster Coolidge, daughter of Benjamin and Mary Carter (Brewster) Coolidge, on May 1, 1808. Like his brothers, he assisted his father on the construction of the Middlesex Canal, participating at different times as laborer, surveyor, and supervisor. Benjamin was a well-reputed surveyor and draftsman, and he devoted himself to several engineering projects. The most notable of these projects were his surveys for internal navigation improvements in North Carolina conducted from 1816 to 1817 and his assistance to his brother, Loammi, in the construction of the mill dam across the Back Bay in Boston.


Previous to these projects, Benjamin Baldwin was a member of the Massachusetts Militia, attaining the rank of Sergeant in 1797, Ensign in 1799, Captain in 1800, Major in 1806, and Colonel in 1811. In 1814 he resigned his commission. Also in 1814, he was appointed Justice of the Peace of Middlesex County, a post he held until his death in 1821. Throughout his life he also conducted the business of a yeoman, and it was during his return from a cattle show in Brighton that he suddenly died on October 11, 1821, at the age of 43. Three children survived him: Loammi (1813-1862), Mary Brewster (1815-1854), and Clarissa Coolidge (1819-1900).


Loammi Baldwin (1780-1838), who has been described as the "Father of Civil Engineering in America", was born May 16, 1780, the third son of Loammi and Mary Baldwin. He graduated from Harvard College with the famous class of 1800, which included Washington Allston, Charles Lowell, Lemuel Shaw, and Joshua Bates, having established a penchant for mechanics and engineering. He was discouraged from following engineering as a profession, however, because of the cost and the long term of apprenticeship, so he turned his attention to the study of law. After admission to the bar in 1804, he opened an office in Cambridge where he practiced law for three years.


In 1807, Loammi abandoned his law practice in order to study civil engineering, and he travelled to England in order to examine its public works projects. He returned to America the same year and opened an office in Charlestown. His first major project came in 1814 when he was appointed engineer to rebuild Boston's military defenses, and he designed and built Fort Strong on Noodle's Island. From 1817 to 1820, he worked on various public works projects in Virginia, and in 1819, he was appointed to construct Boston's mill dam. In 1821, Loammi Baldwin was appointed engineer of the 79-mile Union Canal in Pennsylvania, but he left this position after a conflict with the canal's president over the project's design. Later, Baldwin's design was found to be correct, and the alterations were made at a great expense.


In 1825, following a year spent in Europe, Loammi Baldwin was appointed one of the directors of the Bunker Hill Monument along with Daniel Webster, Washington Allston, and Gilbert Stuart. In the same year he began surveying a route for a canal from Boston Harbor to the Hudson River, and in 1827, he was again appointed to survey the same route, this time for a railroad line. Loammi Baldwin was forced to delegate responsibility for this latter survey to his brother James, however, because in the same year, 1827, he embarked on the most ambitious engineering project of his career, the construction of the naval dry docks in Charlestown and Norfolk. The dry docks were finished seven years later, in 1834, and Loammi began surveys on a third dry dock in New York Harbor, but this project was delayed and wasn't built until after Loammi's death. Also in 1834, Loammi Baldwin published the "Report on the Subject of Introducing Pure Water into the City of Boston", and he wound up his engineering career in 1836 with the "Report on the Brunswick Canal and Railroad, Glynn County, Georgia".


Loammi Baldwin married Ann Williams on May 5, 1816, and in 1817, his only child, Samuel, was born. Five years later, on December 28, 1822, Samuel died. In 1828, Loammi married his second wife, Catherine (Williams) Beckford, widow of Captain Thomas Beckford and sister to Samuel Williams, an American banker and financier living in London. Together they had no children, but Catherine had three children from her previous marriage, one of whom, Catherine Richardson Beckford (1813-1873), would marry Loammi's half-brother, George. In 1837, Loammi Baldwin suffered a paralyzing stroke, and nearly a year later a second attack proved fatal; Loammi died June 30, 1838, at the age of fifty-eight.


James Fowle Baldwin (1782-1862) was born in Woburn, Massachusetts, on April 29, 1782, the fourth son of Loammi and Mary Baldwin. He studied at the academies in Billerica and Westford, and he settled in Boston as a merchant. Like his father and his brothers before him, however, his attention also spread to the field of civil engineering. He retained his ties to the mercantile business, but he also became involved in a number of engineering projects. From 1827 to 1834, he assisted his brother, Loammi, on the survey and construction of the Charlestown and Norfolk dry docks; in 1828, he assisted on the survey of a railroad from Boston to Albany, and from 1830 to 1835, he was employed in the construction of the Boston and Lowell Railroad and in the planning of the factories which bordered it. From 1837 to 1848, James Baldwin also contributed to the introduction of pure water into the city of Boston, and his recommendation that Long Pond (Lake Cochituate) be used as a water source was the singular factor leading to the project's success.


Among his other achievements, James Baldwin was elected to a term as State Senator for Suffolk County in 1845, and he also served for several years as a member of the State Water Commission. He acted as friend and agent to Sarah Thompson, the Countess of Rumford, daughter of the famous Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, and he served as administrator of her estate. A member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, James also continually encouraged and assisted young students who were learning the field of civil engineering.


James Baldwin was married to Sarah Parsons, daughter of the Honorable Samuel Pitkin of East Hartford, Connecticut. Together they raised three sons, none of whom lived into adulthood. Samuel, the middle son, died in 1829 at the age of eight, and James and Cyrus died of typhus fever in 1834 at the ages of 15 and 6, respectively. James, who had enjoyed particularly good health all of his life, passed away suddenly on May 20, 1862, at the age of eighty.


George Rumford Baldwin (1798-1888) was born on January 26, 1798, in the Baldwin Mansion at North Woburn, the second child of Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807) and his second wife, Margery. He was given the name Rumford in honor of the close association between his father and Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford. As a child, he showed a marked aptitude for mathematical and scientific studies, and he was encouraged by his older brothers to enter the field of civil engineering. He assisted his brother, Loammi, on the drawing of the plans for the fortification of Boston Harbor in 1814, and in 1822, while still a young man, he built the graceful elliptical stone bridge over the Middlesex Canal near Medford, Massachusetts.


From 1823 to 1825, George Baldwin was a consulting engineer for the redevelopment of the Pawtucket Canal and factory system at Lowell, Massachusetts, and in 1826, he was called upon to survey the Charlestown Navy Yard. He designed and built the Boston Marine Railway shortly afterwards, and his labors were such a success that in 1833 he was hired to design the Lowell Railroad. Later, in 1845, he was appointed the chief engineer for a survey of the route for the Buffalo and Mississippi Railroad.


George Baldwin's chief interest, however, lay in hydraulic engineering, and he is most well-known for his work as the designer and superintendent of the Quebec Water Works in the 1850s and as a consulting engineer for the Mystic Water Works in Charlestown in 1860. In 1861 he was appointed by the State Legislature to be the engineer of the proposed Cape Cod Canal, and in 1867 he operated as State Engineer for improvements in Boston Harbor.


In 1837, George married Catherine Richardson Beckford, the daughter of his brother's wife by a previous marriage. His domestic ties were strong, and he took his role as the last surviving brother of the Baldwin family seriously, overseeing the family's land holdings and generously assisting family members undergoing hardship. Because of the nature of his work, George Baldwin was continually traveling, and he found it necessary to maintain two residences, one at the Baldwin Mansion in North Woburn, and the other at the "Rumford House" in Quebec. He died on October 12, 1888, in the house where he was born 90 years earlier. He was survived by his only child, Catherine (Kitty) Rumford Baldwin, who lived in Quebec with her second husband, William Griffith.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Allston, Washington
Baldwin, Benjamin Franklin, 1777-1821
Baldwin, Catherine Beckford, 1785-1864
Baldwin, Catherine R. Beckford, 1813-1873
Baldwin, Cyrus, 1740-1790
Baldwin, Cyrus, 1773-1834
Baldwin, George Rumford, 1798-1888
Baldwin, James Fowle, 1782-1862
Baldwin, James, 1710-1791
Baldwin, Loammi, 1745-1807
Baldwin, Loammi, 1780-1838
Baldwin, Margaret Fowle
Beckford, Thomas
Coolidge, Clarissa Baldwin
Coolidge, Thomas
Griffith, Catherine Baldwin Vannovouse
Harwood, William
Phinney, Lucretia Beckford
Pierce, Josiah
Thompson, Benjamin
Thompson, Sarah
Whitney, Benjamin
Quebec Water Works
Account books
Almanacs
Canals
Diaries
Docks
Engineering
Baldwin (Me. : Town)
Dunstable (N.H.)
Lowell (Mass.)
Nashua (N.H.)
Woburn (Mass.)
Deeds

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Baldwin Family Papers, MSS 62, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

The Baldwin Family Papers collection is a reorganization of 71 boxes, 7 envelopes, and several unidentified almanac diaries belonging to the Baldwin Family. The typed and photostated letters of Loammi Baldwin (1745-1807) and Josiah Pierce, 1784-1802 (Box 2, Folder 7) and the manuscripts concerning the town of Baldwin, Maine (Box 34, Folders 6 and 7) were donated by Harold Corning on May 15, 1954. The remainder of the collection was originally donated in 1930 to Harvard University's Baker Library of the Graduate School of Business Administration by James Baldwin of Andover, Massachusetts. After sifting through the Baldwin Papers for those items relevant to the Baker Library's needs, the rest were returned to Mr. Baldwin, who subsequently donated them to the Essex Institute in 1932, following the request of Harold Corning, who had just left the Baker Library to assume the directorship of the Institute. Those papers make up the bulk of this collection.

Processing Information

Collection processed by William E. Marion, August 1982. Updated by Anne E. (Holmer) Deschaine, August 2011, June 2014.


Related Material

Bibliography


Baldwin, Charles Candee. The Baldwin Genealogy, from 1500 to 1881. Cleveland, 1881.


Baldwin, Loammi. "Letter to Hon. John Pickering, president of the Salem Mill Dam Corporation upon the Estimate of that Work," in Tracts, v. 107, 11 p.


Baldwin, Loammi. "Thoughts on the Study of Political Economy as connected with the Population, Industry, and Paper Currency of the U.S.," Cambridge, 1809, in Tracts, v. 29, 75 p.


"Baldwin, Loammi (Jan. 21, 1740-Oct. 20, 1807)" in Dictionary of American Biography, v. 1. New York: Scribners, 1928. 539-540.


"Baldwin, Loammi (May 16, 1780-June 30, 1838)" in Dictionary of American Biography, v. 1. New York: Scribners, 1928. 540-541.


Clarke, Mary Stetson. The Old Middlesex Canal. Melrose, MA: Hilltop Press, 1974.


Cutter, William Richard. Historic Homes and Places and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs relating to the Families of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, v. 1. New York: Lewis, 1908. 13-22.


Drake, Samuel Adams. History of Middlesex County, v. 2. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1880. 540-549.


Hurd, Duane Hamilton, ed. History of Middlesex County, v. 1. Philadelphia: J.W. Lewis, 1890. 446-451.


"Memoir of Honorable James F. Baldwin." New England Historical and Genealogical Register, v. 19 (April 1865). 97-100.


Roberts, Christopher. The Middlesex Canal, 1793-1860. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1938.


Sewall, Samuel. History of Woburn. Boston: Wiggin and Lunt, 1868. 385-402.


Vose, George Leonard. Sketch of the Life and Works of Loammi Baldwin. Boston, 1885.


Warren, George Washington. History of the Bunker Hill Monument Association. Boston: James Osgood, 1877. 179-198.

Related Collections

Baldwin, George R. Plan of surveys of North River, Collins, and Cat Coves, etc., for a proposed tide water mill power at Salem. Salem, 1825. Rolled map.


Baldwin, Loammi. "Letter to Hon. John Pickering, president of the Salem Mill Dam Corporation upon the Estimate of that Work." Salem: Andrews and Foote, 1826.


Baldwin, Loammi. (Request of Loammi Baldwin for payment of dues to American Antiquarian Society by Isaiah Thomas, treasurer, Oct. 15, 1816). Broadside.


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