The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Glover, John, 1732-1797
John Glover (1732-1797)
0.5 Linear feet (1 box)
The papers of this Marblehead,
Massachusetts, Revolutionary War general consist almost entirely of military
SERIES I. Revolutionary War Orderly Books
A. Orderly Book #1
B. Orderly Book #2
C. Orderly Book #3
D. Orderly Book #4
E. Orderly Book #5
F. Orderly Book #6
SERIES II. Letterbook SERIES III. Personal and Business Papers SERIES IV. Memorial to John Glover and Nicholson
Scope and Content Note
The papers of this Marblehead, Massachusetts, Revolutionary War general consist
almost entirely of military materials. They are organized into four series.
Series I. Revolutionary War Orderly Books consists of
six orderly books kept for General Glover during the Revolutionary War from 1775 to
1781, with breaks. The orderly books contain such information as daily orders for
the regiment commanded by Glover, results of courts martial, the dispersion of
troops, problems with provisioning the troops, circumstances for the evacuation of
Boston, and extracts from congressional resolutions and from General Washington's
Series II. Letterbook contains copies of General
Glover's letters to family members as well as military recipients, covering the
period 16 September 1776 to 3 December 1777. Subject matter includes requests for
provisions, condition of troops, information regarding strategy, and statistics of
those killed, wounded, lost as prisoners of war, and enemy prisoners taken.
Series III. Personal and Business Papers is a very
small collection of receipts and letters (original, typescript and photographic
reproductions) for the period 1764-1792.
Series IV. Memorial to John Glover and Nicholson
Broughton is an 1860 memorial to these two men by Glover Broughton,
grandson of General John Glover and son of Commodore Nicholson Broughton. The
section relating to John Glover is titled: "Extracts Relating to General John Glover
of the Continental Army." The material related to Glover covers the period 22 April
1785 to 16 March 1792. The content of the copied letters is of a business nature and
deal with his financial difficulties concerning the payment of debts owed, primarily
securing enough fish to pay his creditors, and the collection of a debt for a piece
of land from his late brother's heirs. The location of the original letters
transcribed here is unknown. The material concerning Nicholson Broughton was copied
from the Essex County Mercury, 23 July 1856.
John Glover was a fisherman, merchant, and military leader
from Marblehead, Massachusetts, who served as a Brigadier General in the Continental
Army during the American Revolutionary War. Glover was born in Salem, Massachusetts
on 5 November 1732 (baptized 26 November 1732), the son of Jonathan and Tabitha
(Bacon) Glover. His father died when he was four years old, and shortly thereafter
his family moved to the nearby town of Marblehead. As a young man, Glover became a
cordwainer and rum trader and eventually a ship owner and merchant.
He first married Hannah Gale of Marblehead (baptized 17 June 1733; died 13 Nov
1778), daughter of John and Susan(na) (Dennis) Gale, on 30 October 1754. They were
married by the Rev. Simon Bradstreet.
John and Hannah had eleven children, all born in Marblehead: John, baptized 23
March 1755; Hannah, baptized 15 May 1757; Daniel, baptized 8 April 1759; Hannah,
baptized 19 April 1761; Samuel, baptized 19 December 1762; Jonas, baptized 1 April
1764; Tabitha, baptized 8 December 1765; Susannah, baptized 28 March 1767; Mary, 8
January 1769; Sarah, baptized 10 March 1771; and Jonathan, baptized 9 May 1773.
Glover was active in the militia for many years before the Revolution, with his
earliest service dating back to 1759. In 1775 he was elected lieutenant colonel of
the 21st Massachusetts Regiment from Marblehead, and became commander of the unit
after the death of Colonel Jeremiah Lee in April 1775. Glover marched his regiment
to join the siege of Boston in June 1775. The Marblehead militia or "Glover's
Regiment" became the 14th Continental Regiment. This regiment became known as the
"amphibious regiment" for their vital nautical skills. It was composed almost
entirely of fishermen.
In 1776 Glover went home to tend to his sick wife and look to business affairs.
He turned down a promotion to brigadier general in February 1777, but rejoined the
war after a personal appeal from General Washington. He served in the successful
Saratoga campaign in 1777 and the failed Battle of Rhode Island in 1778. He was
stationed along the Hudson River for the remainder of the war, guarding against
British moves up the river from New York City. After his first wife's death in 1778,
Glover married Mrs. Frances (Hichborn) Fosdick of Boston, the widow of Thomas
Fosdick, on 1 March 1781.
He retired from the Army in 1782 in poor health. Failing to secure a job with
the U.S. federal government, he served in various local offices in his remaining
years. He died on 30 January 1797 at age 64 in Marblehead, Massachusetts, after
contracting hepatitis and was buried in Old Burial Hill (Marblehead,
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Broughton, Glover, 1796-1869
Lincoln, Benjamin, 1733-1810
Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829
Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804
Warren, James, 1726-1808
Washington, George, 1732-1799
United States. Continental Army--History
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry
Prisoners of war
Boston (Mass.)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--American forces
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
The orderly books were donated to the Essex Institute by a grandson of General
Glover, circa 1863. The letterbook was donated to the Essex Institute by a
great-grandnephew of General Glover, circa 1863. The 1792 receipt (B1 F6) was
donated on 29 February 1928. The 1781 Glover letter (B1 F6) was donated in 1900. The
material in Folders 7 and 8 was donated on 17 January 1967.
Collection processed by Robert F. Craig, August 2001.
Allen Johnson and Dumas Malone, eds., Dictionary of American
Biography, Vol. 7, New York: Charles Schribner's Sons, 1926-1936, pp.
Knight, Russell W., ed., "General John Glover's Letter book," Essex Institute Historical Collections, 112 (1976):
i-viii, 1-55. This article includes all the text of the letterbook with annotations,
footnotes, and an excellent bibliography.
Upham, William P., "A Memoir of Gen. John Glover of Marblehead," Essex Institute Historical Collections, 5 (1863): 49-72,
97-130. This contains excerpts from the orderly books and letterbook, as well as an
outline of General Glover's military career. Additionally, Upham gives a synopsis of
the donation of this collection to the Essex Institute. This article was published
in booklet form under the same title, with additions, in Salem, Mass. by Charles W.
Vital Records of Marblehead, Massachusetts. Salem,
Mass.: Essex Institute, 1903, 1904.
The papers of this Marblehead, Massachusetts, Revolutionary War general consist almost entirely of military materials.
United States. Continental Army--History; Boston (Mass.)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783; Marblehead (Mass.); United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783; United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--American forces; Broughton, Nicholson; Lincoln, Benjamin, 1733-1810; Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829; Schuyler, Philip John, 1733-1804; Warren, James, 1726-1808; Washington, George, 1732-1799; Broughton, Glover, 1796-1869; Armed Forces; Courts-martial and courts of inquiry; Military offenses; Military supplies; Prisoners of war; Soldiers; War--Casualties (Statistics)
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.
The orderly books were donated to the Essex Institute by a grandson of General Glover, circa 1863. The letterbook was donated to the Essex Institute by a great-grandnephew of General Glover, circa 1863. The 1792 receipt (B1 F6) was donated on 29 February 1928. The 1781 Glover letter (B1 F6) was donated in 1900. The material in Folders 7 and 8 was donated on 17 January 1967.