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James Duncan Phillips (1876-1954) Records of the Massachusetts State Guard, Fifteenth Infantry Machine Gun Company

James Duncan Phillips (1876-1954) Records of the Massachusetts State Guard, Fifteenth Infantry Machine Gun Company

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Open Finding Aid

JAMES DUNCAN PHILLIPS (1876-1954) RECORDS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS STATE GUARD, FIFTEENTH INFANTRY MACHINE GUN COMPANY, 1898-1921





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Phillips, James Duncan, 1876-1954
Title:James Duncan Phillips (1876-1954) Records of the Massachusetts State Guard, Fifteenth Infantry Machine Gun Company
Dates:1898/1921
Quantity:2.5 linear feet (6 boxes)
Abstract:This collection consists of two boxes of Massachusetts State Guard Records, including correspondence, muster-in cards, orders, drill reports, instruction manuals, and material relating to the Boston Riot court cases of 1919.
Collection Number:MSS 376

Series List

SERIES I. Administrative Records
SERIES II. Books and Publications

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of two boxes of Massachusetts State Guard Records, including correspondence, muster-in cards, orders, drill reports, instruction manuals, and material relating to the Boston Riot court cases of 1919. The bulk of the collection dates from 1916 to 1921.


Biographical Sketch


James Duncan Phillips, second son of the Honorable Stephen Henry and Margaret (Duncan) Phillips, was born in San Francisco, California in 1876. He attended Harvard College and graduated in 1897 magna cum laude. Less than one year later he joined the publishing firm of Houghton Mifflin Company and worked there until his retirement in 1941.


Phillips married Nannie J. Borden of Fall River, Massachusetts in 1907, with the wedding taking place in England. They traveled widely both before and after marriage.


Due to a serious heart attack in 1936, his business activities became limited. He filled his time with historical research and writing. Numerous articles and books, most of which were about Salem's "Great Age of Sail," were published during the last twenty years of his life.


Phillips was a captain in the Massachusetts State Guard and this collection consists of his material relating to the 15th Infantry Regiment, a Machine Gun Company. The history of the State Guard begins in 1863, when the legislature authorized the formation of a State Guard that served through 1866 before being disbanded. Reorganized in 1898 as the Massachusetts Provisional Militia, it served during the Spanish American War before being disbanded in 1899. In April 1917, the legislature again called for the formation of the Massachusetts Home Guard and the name was changed to the Massachusetts State Guard.


During World War II the organization was activated and served until February 1947 when it was deactivated. The Massachusetts State Guard was reactivated on a statewide basis in 1966. Since that time, it has undergone several structural and organizational changes to reflect its changing mission. In June 1994, the State Guard was renamed the Massachusetts Military Reserve.


Since September 11, 2001 and the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, the needs of the National Guard have changed. Consequently, The Adjutant General ordered the reorganization of the Massachusetts Military Reserve into the Massachusetts State Guard to assist in meeting the needs of the Massachusetts Army and Air National Guard.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Phillips, James Duncan, 1876-1954
Massachusetts State Guard Adjutant General's Office
Massachusetts State Guard, Fifteenth Infantry Machine Gun Company
Machine gun drill and tactics
Machine guns 1910-1920
Machine guns--Handbooks, manuals, etc.
Massachusetts State Guard
Massachusetts State Guard--Infantry Regiment, 15th
Massachusetts State Guard--Infantry Regiment, 15th--Machine Gun Company

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

James Duncan Phillips (1876-1954) Records of the Massachusetts State Guard, Fifteenth Infantry Machine Gun Company, MSS 376, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This material was a gift of Mrs. Stephen W. Phillips (acc #87004).

Processing Information

Collection processed by Tamara Gaydos, January 2008.


Related Material

"Who We Are". Massachusetts State Guard. 5 February 2008. [no longer available].


"The Film Collection: Biographies". The Phillips House. Historic New England. 5 February 2008. http://www.historicnewengland.org/collections-archives-exhibitions/collections-access/collection-object/capobject?refd=MR001.


For additional papers of James Duncan Phillips, visit Historic New England/The Phillips House at 34 Chestnut Street, Salem, Massachusetts.


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