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Joseph White (1748-1830) Murder Trial Papers

Joseph White (1748-1830) Murder Trial Papers

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Open Finding Aid

JOSEPH WHITE (1748-1830) MURDER TRIAL PAPERS, 1830-1964





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:White, Joseph, 1748-1830
Title:Joseph White (1748-1830) Murder Trial Papers
Dates:1830/1964
Quantity:1 linear foot (2 boxes)
Abstract:This collection contains original material from the events surrounding the murder trial of Joseph White, including the indictment, names of the jurors, testimonies, the autopsy, newspaper accounts and letters to and from the principals.
Collection Number:MSS 367

Series List

SERIES I. Primary Source Material
SERIES II. Secondary Source Material

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains original material from the events surrounding the murder trial of Joseph White, including the indictment, names of the jurors, testimonies, the autopsy, newspaper accounts and letters to and from the principals. Also included are the records of the Vigilance Committee, which was formed shortly after the murder to "ferret out the perpetrator" and administer watch patrols. Of interest is an account of the murder by William R. L. Ward, an employee of Joseph White.


Biographical Sketch

Joseph White was born in August 1748 to Capt. John White and Margaret Muchmore White. He began his career as a sailor and rose to be a master of several vessels. In 1770 he married Elizabeth Stone in Salem, Massachusetts. She died in 1822 leaving no children. On the night of April 6, 1830, Joseph White was brutally murdered in his bed. Two men, Francis and Joseph Knapp, were convicted of his murder. A third man, Richard Crowninshield, was arrested, but committed suicide in his jail cell before he could be brought to trial. Daniel Webster prosecuted the case for the Commonwealth.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Crowninshield, Richard, 1804-1830
Knapp, John Francis, d. 1830
Knapp, Jr., Joseph Jenkins, d. 1830
Rantoul, Robert S. (Robert Samuel), 1832-1922
Ward, William Raymond Lee, 1811-1897
Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852
White, Joseph, 1748-1830
Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
Vigilance Committee
Murder--Massachusetts--Salem

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Joseph White (1748-1830) Murder Trial Papers, MSS 367, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This provenance of this material is unknown.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Tamara Gaydos, August 2007.


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