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White Family Papers

White Family Papers

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Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:White family
Title:White Family Papers
Quantity:10.5 linear feet (18 boxes)
Abstract:The items in this collection include correspondence, notes, political papers, writings, sermons, financial papers and receipts pertaining to the White and Orne White families of Salem, Massachusetts and Keene, New Hampshire.
Collection Number:MSS 445

Series List

SERIES I. Daniel Appleton White
A. Personal Correspondence
B. College and Professional Development
C. Financial Papers
D. Genealogy and other papers
SERIES II. Mary van Schalkwyck White
SERIES III. Eliza Orne Wetmore White
SERIES IV. Ruth Hurd Rogers White
SERIES V. William Orne White
SERIES VI. Other Family Members' Papers

Scope and Content Note

The items in this collection include correspondence, notes, political papers, writings, sermons, financial papers and receipts pertaining to the White and Orne White families of Salem, Massachusetts and Keene, New Hampshire. The bulk of the collection contains the papers of Daniel Appleton White, followed by those of his son, the Reverend William Orne White. William Orne White's papers consist of correspondence amongst his family members, friends, fellow ministers and parishioners. A small part of the collection is the correspondence of writer Eliza Orne White.

Biographical Sketches

Daniel Appleton White (1776-1861) was born in Methuen, Massachusetts, the eleventh child of John and Elizabeth (Haynes) White. He attended Harvard College, graduating in 1797, and taught for two years at Medford School. White returned to Harvard as a Latin tutor and began studying law. He was admitted to the bar in 1804 and practiced in Newburyport and Salem. White married Mrs. Mary (Wilder) van Schalkwyck (1780-1811) in 1807; the couple had two daughters before Mrs. White died in 1811. He served in the Massachusetts Senate from 1810-1815. White was appointed Judge of Probate for Essex County in 1814, a post he held for thirty-eight years. He remarried in 1819 to Mrs. Eliza (Orne) Wetmore, who died in 1821 after giving birth to their only son, William Orne White. In 1824, he married for the last time, Mrs. Ruth (Hurd) Rogers. Ruth brought her daughter, Emily Rogers, from a previous marriage and then gave birth to Henry Orne White in late 1824.

Mary (Wilder) van Schalkwyck White (1780-1811) was born in Lancaster, Massachusetts, daughter of Dr. Josiah Wilder and Mary (Flagg) Wilder. She married Antoine Van Schalkwyck, a planter from Guadeloupe, West Indies in 1801. The Van Schalkwycks sailed for Guadeloupe shortly afterwards; within months of their arrival Antoine Van Schalkwyck was dead of yellow fever. Mary returned home to Concord, Massachusetts where she remained until her marriage to Daniel White in 1807. Mary and Daniel were parents to Elizabeth Amelia White Dwight (1809-1883) and Mary Wilder White Foote (1810-1857)

Eliza (Orne) Wetmore White (1784- 1821), daughter of Salem merchant William Orne, married William Wetmore of Salem in 1804. William died in 1807; there were no surviving children. Eliza then married Daniel Appleton in 1819. She had one son with Daniel, William Orne White (1821-1911), and died shortly after his birth.

Ruth (Hurd) Rogers White (1784-?) was the cousin of Mary White, Daniel's first wife, through a second marriage of their relatives. Ruth Hurd married Abner Rogers, a correspondent and friend of Daniel. Abner died in 1814. Daniel and Ruth wed in 1824; they had one son, Henry Orne White (1824-1887).

William Orne White (1821-1911) was the son of Daniel and Eliza (Orne) Wetmore White. He attended Exeter Academy and Harvard. He traveled throughout Europe and then entered Harvard Divinity School in 1843. His Unitarian ministry took him to Maine, Missouri, and Massachusetts before settling in Keene, New Hampshire. White remained in Keene until his retirement in 1878, after which he moved to Brookline, Massachusetts. White married his childhood friend, Margaret Eliot Harding (1823-1903), in 1848 and the couple had Eliza Orne White (1856-1947) and a son who died shortly after birth. The couple adopted a daughter, Rose White, who married Dr. D.W. Nead in 1900.

Eliza Orne White (1856-1947) was the daughter of William Orne White and Margaret Eliot Harding White. White was a prolific author, writing books for both adults and children. She never married and lived in Brookline, Massachusetts with her father. While deaf and blind the last thirty years of her life, White continued to write and publish. White wrote and published a total of forty-one works including When Molly was Six, Peggy in her Blue Frock, A Browning Courtship, and Winterborough.

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Dwight, Elizabeth Amelia, 1809-1883
Foote, Mary Wilder, 1810-1857
Van Schalkwyck, Mary Wilder, 1780-1811
White, Daniel Appleton, 1776-1861
White, Eliza Orne Wetmore, 1784-1821
White, Eliza Orne, 1856-1947
White, Ruth Hurd Rogers, b. 1784
White, William Orne, 1821-1911
American literature--Women author
Letter writing
Keene (N.H.)


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Administrative Information


Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

White Family Papers, MSS 445, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.


This material was found in the collection of the Phillips Library.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Amanda M. Martinson, April 2011.

Related Material


Cutter, William Richard and William Frederick Adams. Genealogical Names and Personal Memoirs relating to the Families of the State of Massachusetts, Vol. IV. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1910.

Dwight, Elizabeth Amelia. Edited by Mary Wilder Tileston. Memorials of Mary Wilder White. Boston: The Everett Press Company, 1903.

Walker, James. Hon. Daniel Appleton White. Boston: John Wilson and Son, 1863.

White, Daniel Appleton, The Descendants of William White, of Haverhill, Mass.: Genealogical Notices. Boston: John Wilson and Son, 1863.

White, Eliza Orne (ed.), William Orne White, a record of ninety years. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1917.

Related Collections

Orne Family Papers, 1719-1899, MSS 41

Nathan Read Papers, 1759-1847, MSS 148

Tucker Family Papers, 1680-1878, MSS 165

George M. White Papers, 1866-1898, E 52

White, Rev. William Orne, An Address at the funeral of Rev. George Goldthwait Ingersoll, D.D.: delivered at Keene, New Hampshire, Sept. 18, 1863: with an appendix. Boston: John Wilson and Sons, 1863.

White, William Orne, "Commemorative Discourse," Services at the Dedication of a Mural Monument to James Walker, D.D., L.L.D. Boston: John Wilson and Sons, 1884, pp. 18-33.

White, William Orne, A Farwell Sermon to His Parishioners. Keene, N.H., 1878.

White, William Orne, Historical Address, July 4, 1876. Keene, N.H., 1876.

White, William Orne, "Milan and St. Ambrose," Unitarian Review, No. 12, 1879, pp. 69-88.

White, William Orne, Sermon, April 13, 1862. The Day of Thanksgiving for the nation's victories. Keene, N.H., 1862.

White, William Orne, Sermon suggested by the life of Phineas Henderson Faulkner of Keene, N.H. Cambridge, 1875.

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