The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Salem India Rubber Company
Salem India Rubber Company
2 linear feet (3 boxes, 2 volumes)
The Salem India Rubber Company
Records contain financial papers, legal papers, insurance policies, correspondence
and other company records.
SERIES I. Administrative Records SERIES II. Business Records
Scope and Content Note
The Salem India Rubber Company Records contain financial
papers, legal papers, insurance policies, correspondence and other company records.
They are divided into two series.
Series I. Administrative Records contain the
financial and legal papers. The treasurers' cashbook and the financial papers,
including promissory notes, reflect the company's financial affairs. The legal
papers include indentures, fire insurance policies, insurance policies covering
shipment of property on various vessels, and legal protests relating to non-payment
of various notes, drafts, etc.
Series II. Business Records documents the scope of
the company's activities. It contains correspondence with agents, suppliers, and
customers; invoices; bills of lading that list the merchandise, the vessel on which
it was shipped, the master, the destination, and the customer; and day-to-day
financial records, such as ledgers, daybooks, cashbooks, payroll books, and accounts
of sales. The company's factory store or outlet is documented in the "Account of
Stock in the India Rubber Store" (Box 2, Folder 6). The miscellaneous papers include
an 1814 printed booklet "Act of Incorporating the Merrimack Insurance Company,"
which was found in the cashbook.
Little is known about the beginnings of the Salem India Rubber
Company. An indenture, dated 22 July 1835, indicates that the Salem Union
Street Corporation leased a part of the Union Building in Salem to John F. Andrew
for his use and benefit, and that of Joseph G. Waters, John Winn Jr., Larkin
Thorndike, and their associates. On the reverse is a note "Lease to India Rubber
Co.," and a statement that John F. Andrew conveyed to the Salem India Rubber Company
"all my rights to the interests...," dated 2 May 1837. Joseph G. Waters served as
the treasurer of the company and John Winn as the agent.
The company was incorporated in March 1836, and was active until at least 1843,
manufacturing all kinds of rubber goods, such as shoes, hats, capes, and life
preservers. The records are quite substantial through 1839 but begin to peter out
after that point in time. The business apparently failed in the mid-1840s, and was
replaced by another firm by 1847.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Waters, Joseph G. (Joseph Gilbert), 1796-1878
Winn, John, Jr.
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex
Salem India Rubber Company Records, MSS 240, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum,
The Payroll Book (Vol. 2) was given to the Essex Institute in 1902. The provenance of the rest of the collection is unknown.
Collection processed by Donald Gleason, January 1994.