The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Treadwell, John Dexter
John Dexter Treadwell Papers
0.25 linear feet (1 box)
This collection contains
medical records and personal papers of John Dexter Treadwell, a prominent physician
in Salem, Massachusetts, in the early nineteenth century.
Scope and Content Note
This collection contains medical records and personal papers of John Dexter
Treadwell, a prominent physician in Salem, Massachusetts, in the early nineteenth
century. The papers include extracts of medical reports, legal documents,
correspondence, account books, and papers pertaining to the Massachusetts Medical
Society. Also present are papers belonging to John Dexter's father, John Treadwell,
a minister in Lynn, Massachusetts, who later resided in Salem.
Folders 1 and 2 contain six volumes of medical information abstracted by John
Dexter Treadwell. Also present is a volume of chemical tables relevant to medicine.
John Dexter Treadwell was instrumental in reorganizing the Massachusetts Medical
Society; Folder 3 contains drafts of the revised by-laws. The account books in
Folder 4 include a volume of John Dexter's family expenses, a volume of his expenses
while living in Marblehead, and a volume listing medical books and instruments
Folder 5 contains legal documents pertaining to the purchase or transfer of land
or funds. Also present is the draft of a petition to the General Court noting the
difficulty of enforcing the ban on travel on the Lord's Day. Folder 6 includes
assorted papers and correspondence, the bulk of which are attributable to John
Dexter Treadwell and relate to his interests in medicine and religious studies. The
earliest papers (1778-1802) are attributable to John Treadwell (1738-1811).
Folder 7 contains one volume of notes on agriculture. This was possibly written
by John Goodhue Treadwell, John Dexter's son, who owned a large farm in Topsfield,
Massachusetts, and was interested in scientific experimentation in agriculture.
Finally, Folder 8 contains receipts of charges incurred by William C. Treadwell
while a student at Amherst College between 1832 and 1836. The relationship between
William C. Treadwell and John Dexter Treadwell was not established.
John Treadwell was a fifth generation descendant of Thomas
Treadwell, who settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts, around 1638. He was born in
Ipswich in 1738, the son of John and Hannah Treadwell. He graduated from Harvard
College in 1758 and served as minister at the First Congregational Church in Lynn,
Massachusetts, from 1763 to 1782. Upon resigning his position as minister, he taught
school in Ipswich from 1783 to 1785 and then moved to Salem where he became a state
senator and judge of the Court of Common Pleas. By his first wife Mehitable (Dexter)
Treadwell he had a son, John Dexter, and a daughter, Mehitable. John Treadwell died
in Salem in 1811.
John Dexter Treadwell, the son of John and Mehitable
Treadwell, was born in 1768 in Lynn, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard
College in 1788 and practiced medicine in Marblehead for three years and then in
Salem until his death in 1833. He was active in the Massachusetts Medical Society
and served as a councillor for the Essex District from 1805 to 1828. He received an
honorary M.D. from Harvard in 1815 and was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences. John Dexter Treadwell married Dorothy Goodhue in 1804; they had one
son, John Goodhue Treadwell.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Holten, Samuel, 1738-1816
Treadwell, John 1738-1811
Treadwell, John Dexter 1768-1833
Massachusetts Medical Society
Lynn (Mass.)--churches--First Church
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex