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Samuel Holten (1738-1816) Papers

Samuel Holten (1738-1816) Papers

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Open Finding Aid

SAMUEL HOLTEN (1738-1816) PAPERS, 1769-1814





Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Holten, Samuel, 1738-1816
Title:Samuel Holten (1738-1816) Papers
Dates:1769/1814
Quantity:0.25 linear feet (1 box)
Abstract:This collection consists primarily of correspondence of Samuel Holten of Danvers, Massachusetts, physician, statesman, and Essex County judge.
Collection Number:MSS 26

Series List


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists primarily of correspondence of Samuel Holten of Danvers, Massachusetts, physician, statesman, and Essex County judge. It includes correspondence with John Avery, Secretary of State in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. It also includes letters to Benjamin Chase and John Hancock; letters from Rufus King and John Lee; and bills and receipts.


Folder 1 contains letters from John Avery, the first Secretary of State of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, concerning appointments and government business. Also present are drafts of two letters to John Avery from Samuel Holten. Folder 2 contains letters to Samuel Holten from others, including Rufus King, John Lee, and Archelaus Putnam.


Folder 3 contains copies of letters from Samuel Holten to John Hancock, Benjamin Chase, and Aaron Wood, among others. Folder 4 contains three documents: a warrant for the County Tax due from Danvers (1769); a resolution in the Massachusetts House of Representatives concerning funding the Treasury (1781); and a copy of a letter from General Jabez Bowen to Governor John Hancock announcing the surrender of Lord Cornwallis (1781).


Folder 5 contains bills and receipts and Folder 6 contains biographical information about Samuel Holten and John Avery and also a postcard of the Judge Samuel Holten house in Danvers, Massachusetts, built in 1670.


Biographical Sketch

Samuel Holten was born on June 9, 1738, in Danvers, Massachusetts, the son of Samuel and Hannah (Gardner) Holten. He was a physician, statesman, and judge in Essex County. He practiced medicine for several years in Gloucester, Massachusetts, and then in Danvers, Massachusetts, but later devoted his life to public service. He served in the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1780 and again from 1782 to 1787 and was its temporary President in 1785. He was a signer of the Articles of Confederation. He was a judge for over 30 years, a member of the early United States Congress, and holder of numerous other town, state, and federal positions. He married Mary Warner in 1758; they had three daughters, Lydia, Mary, and Sarah. Samuel Holten died on January 2, 1816.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Avery, John, 1739-1806
Chase, Benjamin
Hancock, John, 1737-1793
Holten, Samuel, 1738-1816
King, Rufus, 1755-1827
Lee, John, 1773-1833
Putnam, Archelaus, 1744-1800
Wood, Aaron
Letters
Physicians
Danvers (Mass.)
Essex County (Mass.)--Courts

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.


Administrative Information

Copyright

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Samuel Holten (1738-1816) Papers, MSS 26, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.

Provenance

This material was donated by Hugh S. Grey in December, 1975 and December, 1979.

Processing Information

Collection processed by Lee Jacoby, November 2012.


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