The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Holten, Samuel, 1738-1816
Samuel Holten (1738-1816)
0.25 linear feet (1 box)
This collection consists
primarily of correspondence of Samuel Holten of Danvers, Massachusetts, physician,
statesman, and Essex County judge.
Scope and Content Note
This collection consists primarily of correspondence of Samuel Holten of Danvers,
Massachusetts, physician, statesman, and Essex County judge. It includes
correspondence with John Avery, Secretary of State in the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts. It also includes letters to Benjamin Chase and John Hancock; letters
from Rufus King and John Lee; and bills and receipts.
Folder 1 contains letters from John Avery, the first Secretary of State of the
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, concerning appointments and government business. Also
present are drafts of two letters to John Avery from Samuel Holten. Folder 2
contains letters to Samuel Holten from others, including Rufus King, John Lee, and
Folder 3 contains copies of letters from Samuel Holten to John Hancock, Benjamin
Chase, and Aaron Wood, among others. Folder 4 contains three documents: a warrant
for the County Tax due from Danvers (1769); a resolution in the Massachusetts House
of Representatives concerning funding the Treasury (1781); and a copy of a letter
from General Jabez Bowen to Governor John Hancock announcing the surrender of Lord
Folder 5 contains bills and receipts and Folder 6 contains biographical
information about Samuel Holten and John Avery and also a postcard of the Judge
Samuel Holten house in Danvers, Massachusetts, built in 1670.
Samuel Holten was born on June 9, 1738, in Danvers,
Massachusetts, the son of Samuel and Hannah (Gardner) Holten. He was a physician,
statesman, and judge in Essex County. He practiced medicine for several years in
Gloucester, Massachusetts, and then in Danvers, Massachusetts, but later devoted his
life to public service. He served in the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1780 and
again from 1782 to 1787 and was its temporary President in 1785. He was a signer of
the Articles of Confederation. He was a judge for over 30 years, a member of the
early United States Congress, and holder of numerous other town, state, and federal
positions. He married Mary Warner in 1758; they had three daughters, Lydia, Mary,
and Sarah. Samuel Holten died on January 2, 1816.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons,
or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Avery, John, 1739-1806
Hancock, John, 1737-1793
Holten, Samuel, 1738-1816
King, Rufus, 1755-1827
Lee, John, 1773-1833
Putnam, Archelaus, 1744-1800
Essex County (Mass.)--Courts
Restrictions on Access
This collection is open for research use.
Requests for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in
writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex