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Enoch Richmond Ware (1819-1874) Papers

Enoch Richmond Ware (1819-1874) Papers

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ENOCH RICHMOND WARE (1819-1874) PAPERS, 1839-1874, 1898-1901, 1942-1970, undated


Processing of this collection was funded by a grant from the NHPRC (National Historical Publications and Records Commission).

Collection Summary

Repository:The Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum 132 Essex Street Salem, MA 01970 Phone: 978-745-9500 Fax: 978-531-1516
Creator:Ware, Enoch Richmond, 1819-1874
Title:Enoch Richmond Ware (1819-1874) Papers
Dates:1839/1874, 1898/1901, 1942/1970, undated
Quantity:12.75 linear feet (18 boxes)
Abstract:This collection contains business and personal correspondence, financial records and ships' papers, account books, photographs, genealogy, and research material.
Identification:MH 229

Series List

SERIES I. Correspondence
A. Business
B. Personal
SERIES II. Ships' Papers
SERIES III. Financial Records
A. Business
B. Personal
SERIES IV. Legal Papers
SERIES V. Other Papers
SERIES VI. Edward Richmond Ware Papers
A. Research and Writings on West Africa
B. Research and Writings on Enoch Richmond Ware
C. George E. Brooks, Jr. Material
D. Family Papers
E. Other

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains business and personal correspondence, financial records and ships' papers, account books, photographs, genealogy, and research material. It has been organized into six series.

Series I. Correspondence has been divided into Subseries A. Business and Subseries B. Personal. Each subseries has been arranged chronologically. Business correspondents include John B. Upton, Alfred L. Coffin, Thomas Smull, William B. Ware, George K. Benedict, William Quinn, Daniel R. B. Upton, R. W. Ropes, Williams Cummings & Son, Brown Shipley and Company, R. C. Lloyd, Thomas Brown and Company, and more. Personal correspondents include his wife, Mary C. Peck; his mother, Abigail S. Ware; his sister, Harriet Page; his father-in-law, William H. Peck; and William Prichard, among others.

Series II. Ships' Papers include bills of lading, bills of cargo, correspondence, expenses, insurance papers, prices current, receipts, legal papers, bills of sale, and other documents relating to the 88 ships that Ware used to carry goods to and from Africa. This series is organized by ship name with general documents at the end of the series.

Series III. Financial Records have been divided into two subseries. Each subseries has been arranged chronologically. Subseries A. Business includes account books, trial balances, journals, bank statements, receipts, bills, cargo inventories, correspondence, insurance matters, and more. Subseries B. Personal includes receipts for household expenses and accounts as administrator for the estates of his mother, and two sisters.

Series IV. Legal Papers include powers of attorney, agreements, a summons, a will, and more.

Series V. Other Papers include copies of newspapers, Ware's two ship-board diaries, a circular, a photograph, and a small burlap bag.

Series VI. Edward Richmond Ware Papers have been divided into five subseries. Each subseries has been arranged chronologically. Subseries A. Research and Writings on West Africa include maps, correspondence, photographs, and copies of an article Dr. Ware wrote about the health hazards of the West African trader. Subseries B. Research and Writings on Enoch Richmond Ware include correspondence, notes, research materials, and copies of articles Dr. Ware wrote about his grandfather in the 1950s and 1960s. Subseries C. George E. Brooks, Jr. Material includes correspondence, an article, and drafts of a book Brooks wrote. Subseries D. Family Papers contain Dr. Ware's father's medical journal, genealogy, and photographs. Subseries E. Other contains two copies of American Neptune that Dr. Ware probably used for research.

Some original order was kept; however, there is no distinction made between original folder titles and those provided by the processor. Two logbooks were removed from the collection and cataloged separately.

Biographical Sketch

Enoch Richmond Ware, a merchant and trader with countries on the west coast of Africa, was born in Winterport, Maine, January 2, 1819. In his teens he served as a cabin boy on a Maine coasting vessel. Later he went to Rio de Janeiro where he remained for two years. He returned to the United States at age twenty and in 1839 was dispatched as a supercargo on his first voyage to the west coast of Africa on the brig Robert. He was a trading agent from 1839 to 1851, representing several employers. He gradually became part owner of the cargoes of the vessels on which he sailed, until finally in 1850, he established his own commission house, E. R. Ware and Company, in New York City. From then, until his death in 1874, he carried on a thriving commerce with West Africa.

On July 21, 1846, after a courtship of almost five years, Ware married Mary Coutant Peck (b. 1823) in Sing Sing (now Ossining), New York. They had 6 children: Mary V. (b.1847); Laura (who died young); William Richmond (b. 1855); George (who died young); Edward James (b. 1859); and Gertrude Talbot, 1861-1893.

At the onset of the Civil War in 1861, Ware was 42 years old with three children and one on the way. He did not serve, but sent two substitutes at $100 each. Ware retired to live in Yonkers, New York, where he died on July 15, 1874 at age 55.

Edward Richmond Ware (1892-1974), M.D. of Los Angeles, California was a physician, born and educated in New York City, and the grandson of Enoch Richmond Ware. In 1951 he traveled to the West African coast, going to a small local hospital in Liberia where he briefly observed some of the diseases mentioned in his grandfather's diaries. Dr. Ware wrote several articles based on his grandfather's source materials; his research papers, notes, and early manuscripts are included in this collection.

Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in Philcat. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Benedict, George K.
Brooks, George E., Jr.
Coffin, Alfred L.
Dodge, Ernest Stanley
Gaudy, James H.
Lloyd, R. C.
Lynch, George W.
Page, Harriet S. Ware, 1812-1851
Page, I. H.
Page, Reuel H., b. 1840
Peck, William H.
Pingree, David, 1795-1863
Quinn, William
Rider, Henry
Ropes, R. W.
Roullin, Maurice H.
Sherwood, John M.
Upton, Daniel R. B.
Ware, Abigail Sampson, 1789-1870
Ware, Edward James, 1859-1903
Ware, Edward Richmond, 1892-1974
Ware, Enoch Richmond, 1819-1874
Ware, Mary C. (Peck), 1823-1919
Ware, Mary V. C., b. 1847
Ware, William Bayliss, 1816-1851
Brown, Shipley & Co.
Gilman Smull and Company
Thomas Brown and Company
V. Marizou and Company
William Cummings and Son
Adario (Ship)
Black Hawk (Brig)
Cargo handling--Coffee
Cargo handling--Hides
Cargo handling--Peanuts
Cargo handling--Tobacco
Curlew (Schooner)
Cynthia (Brig)
Elmira (Ship)
Emma (Brig)
Falmouth (Brig)
Freight and freightage--Coffee
Freight and freightage--Hides
Freight and freightage--Peanuts
Freight and freightage--Tobacco
General Scott (Schooner)
Northumberland (Ship)
Oak (Brig)
Ocean Belle (Brig)
Robert (Brig)
Sea Mew (Brig)
Susan Canon (Schooner)
Tarantine (Brig)
New York (N.Y.)
United States--Commerce--Gambia
United States--Commerce--Sierra Leone
Account books


Restrictions on Access

This collection is open for research use.

Administrative Information


Request for permission to publish material from the collection must be submitted in writing to the Manuscript Librarian in the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum.

Preferred Citation

Enoch R. Ware Papers, MH 229, Phillips Library, Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Mass.


This material was donated by Dr. E. Richmond Ware in 1961.

Processing Information

Collection processed and cataloged by Tamara Gaydos, May 2012.

Related Material

Brooks, George E. "Enoch Richmond Ware, African Trader; 1839-1850 Years of Apprenticeship." American Neptune 30.3 (1970).

Brooks, George E. Yankee Traders, Old Coasters & African Middlemen; a History of American Legitimate Trade with West Africa in the Nineteenth Century. [Brookline, Mass.]: Boston University Press, 1970.

Ware, Emma F. Ware Genealogy; Robert Ware of Dedham, Massachusetts. Boston, Mass.: Charles H. Pope, 1901.

Logbook of Brig Falmouth, Appam to New York, May 1857 to December 1857 Log 2061

Logbook of Brig Susan Canon, New York to Sierra Leone, Feb 1870 to Sept 1870 Log 2060

Ware Family Tree

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